Karen Keefer Novice Invitational
2023 — Mountain View, CA/US
Novice Parliamentary Paradigm ListAll Paradigms: Show Hide
hey whats up guys!
I'm Joey Choi a junior at Mountain View High School! I have debated parli for 3 years.
Do Impact calc
Refute all your opponents contentions
Good argument > useless blabber
For debate events, I tend to value logic, evidence, and delivery over theory. That said, here is some guidance to win my ballot.
Tag your arguments so that I can follow them easily. Fully support your them with well-sourced evidence, and give me an impact for why it matters to your case, or why it is a reason itself to vote for you. A framework/criterion/value is not necessary in every debate format (within reason). I can use net benefits if you give me a reason to prefer it over the other team's proposed weighing mechanism. Any A Priori issues like definitions or criterion/framework/value should be backed up with a reason to prefer yours over the other side's.
Respond to all of your opponent's arguments even if it's not the best response. Dropped arguments matter even if they are sub-par arguments.
Give me voting issues in your final speech. Organize and tag them. If the other team gives me the voting issue of whoever is wearing purple, while you gave me no voting issue at all but gave better arguments, I will vote for the team wearing purple. Tell me what to think, how to think, and why to think. The judge is always right, but the judge is also an idiot.
I do not appreciate speed, though I can follow it. If both teams engage in spreading, I will evaluate accordingly, but I will reward teams who emphasize rhetoric.
hey! I'm kavya!
A little about me:
- I am a high schooler (from Washington High School) who has debated since fourth grade
- I have done MSDPD and Parli debates throughout my debate career thus far.
- I am the assistant debate caption at my school, so feel free to ask me any questions you have!
My credentials in case you're wondering (cause I'm like ur age and i look like i'm an eighth grader):
- Semifinalists at NYPDL and NPDL
- Broke at Cal Parli
- 15th overall speaker at NPDL
here's what you're probably wondering:
- tech > truth: please know what you are saying and running. Don't just bring up stats - stats don't win.
- I prefer against theory and Ks but I won't vote against you if you run one.
- talk at an understandable speed and be clear, concise, organized
- PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE signpost cause if there are a lot of wash arguments, chances are I'm going to look at the most organized, easy-to-flow arguments, with the best links
- Warrants: Make sure to warrant and link each and every argument cause I love a strong warrant
- Collapse on arguments; call out conceded ones
- Impacts/Weighing: show me exactly why I should vote for you and not the other side.
- Please give trigger warnings if dealing with a topic that requires one before your speech.
- Try to take at least one PoI if time allows. It shows confidence in yourself and your side.
- Pls, explain all plans and counterplans. thanks.
- Be respectful to your opponents (don't over PoI --> don't constantly interrupt them, laugh at them, make rude faces etc).
- BE CONFIDENT. that's self-explanatory.
I will always come into the round as if I have no prior knowledge about the topic (tabula rasa), so use that to your advantage and explain everything and exactly why your side solves best, or is the best.
Other than that, if you somehow manage to mention "Verstappen"OR"finding nemo" in your speech, I'll add +0.3 speaks (but pick one :). Remind me after your speech if you refer so I can make a note and add it.
Also, remember to have fun, and always feel free to ask me any questions before or after the round, or for any specific feedback you may want (I'm more than happy to give.) I will give rdfs tho at the end, and I'll disclose when allowed.
Some basic stuff:
Lots of signposting, make sure to tell me where you are in your speech or what points you're addressing. This will make it a lot easier for me to flow and also help me make sure I don't miss any of your points
Obviously, make sure to be respectful to your opponents and refrain from making any remarks that are homophobic, sexist, racist, etc.
Please weigh the round for me! It'll be a lot easier for me to judge the debate if you come up in your last speech and tell me why exactly you should win.
Extra speaker points if you make a Taylor Swift reference
Ex-PF debater who judges flay. Just be kind and respectful.
My name is Motoko Iwata.
I am currently a varsity debater at Palo Alto High School, and have experience in both PF and parliamentary debate.
Number one guideline - do not say anything racist, sexist, homophobic, or anything offensive/attacking your opponent personally.
You can consider me to be a flay judge:
Mindset: I will try to maintain tabula rasa throughout the round. That being said, I do expect proper warranting and solvency for any arguments, especially those that may have dramatic impacts or have link chains that are difficult to navigate. If you do not give me solvency or warrants, I will consider that when weighing the two sides. If the opponent points out that you don't give me solvency or warrants, I am very likely to drop the argument entirely.
Theory: I don't think that running theory or other forms of tech debate are good for the round, but if you run it, run it well and clearly. Do not run it for the sake of complicating the round. As I am not a tech debater, so I would appreciate if you outline your argument very clearly and let me know before the round as well.
For speaking: I ask that you speak at a reasonable pace. That being said, I will accept spreading. If you are planning to speak quickly throughout the round, please let me know beforehand so I am prepared. Also keep in mind that spreading means that the likelihood of certain important aspects of your argumentation may not be flowed by me, and therefore, may not be considered. So, please make sure you emphasize anything vital for the round.
Manners: Please be respectful and courteous in cross-examination. Debate should be a comfortable environment, and unnecessarily raising voices does not increase quality of the round.
Weighing: Weighing will be the most important thing. If you do not weigh and the opponent does, I will most likely buy their weighing (considering it goes conceded). If both sides don't weigh, expect me to weigh the arguments for you, and don't expect it to be in your favor. Make sure to weigh at the end of your speech, and tell me specifically why you win the round.
Let me know at the start of the round if you have any questions about my paradigm.
You can start an email chain with my email (email@example.com)
Please let me know if you have any questions after the round at this email as well.
Have a wonderful debate.
hi! i'm sky.
please strike me if i've coached you before. i've marked many of you as conflicts, but it is impossible to get all of you when you attend multiple schools, debate academies, etc. i'll always report conflicts to tabroom.
email is firstname.lastname@example.org. add me to the email chain.
please try to have pre-flows done before the round for the sake of time. i like starting early or on time.
tech over truth. i don't intervene, so everything you say is all i will evaluate. be explicit; explain and contextualize your arguments. try not to rely too much on jargon. if you do use jargon, use it correctly. extend evidence properly and make sure that your cards are all cut correctly. tell a thoughtful and thorough story that follows a logical order (i.e. how do you get from point A to point E? why should i care about anything you are telling me? i should know the answers to these questions by the end of your speeches). pursue the points you are winning and explain why you are winning the round. remind me how you access your impacts and do NOT forget to weigh. giving me the order in which i should prioritize the arguments read in round is helpful (generally, this is the case for judge instructions). sounding great will earn you high speaks, but my ballot will ultimately go to those who did the better debating.
read any argument you want, wear whatever you want, and be as assertive as you want. any speed is fine as long as you are clear. i will yell "clear!" if you are not. my job is to listen to you and assess your argumentation, not just your presentation. i'm more than happy to listen to anything you run, so do what you do best and own it!
speeches get a 15-second grace period. i stop flowing after 15 seconds have passed.
don't be rude. don't lie, especially in the late debate.
rfds. i always try to give verbal rfds. if you're competing at a tournament where disclosure isn't allowed, i will still try to give you some feedback on your speeches so you can improve in your next round/competition. write down and/or type suggestions that you find helpful (this might help you flow better). feel free to ask me any questions regarding my feedback. i also accept emails and other online messages.
topicality. it would behoove you to tell me which arguments should be debated and why your interpretation best facilitates that discussion. make sure your arguments are compatible with your interpretation. if you go for framework, give clear internal link explanations and consider having external impacts. explain why those impacts ought to be prioritized and win you the round.
theory. make it purposeful. tell me what competing interpretations and reasonability mean. i like nuanced analyses; provide real links, real interpretations, and real-world scenarios that bad norms generate. tell me to prioritize this over substance and explain why i should.
counter-plans. these can be fun. however, they should be legitimately competitive. give a clear plan text and take clever perms seriously. comparative solvency is also preferred. impact calculus is your friend.
disadvantages. crystallize! remember to weigh. your uniqueness and links also matter.
kritiques. i love these a lot. i enjoy the intellectual potential that kritiques offer. show me that you are genuine by committing to the literature you read and providing an anomalous approach against the aff. alternatives are important (though i have seen interesting alternatives to...alternatives. if you go down this route, you can try to convince me that your argument is functional without one. as with all arguments, explain your argument well, and i might vote for you). as aforementioned, tell me to prioritize your argument over substance and why.
cross. i listen, but i will not assess arguments made in crossfires unless you restate your points in a speech. try to use this time wisely.
evidence. again, please cut these correctly. i'll read your evidence at the end of the round if asked, if your evidence sounds too good to be true, or if your evidence is essential to my decision in some fashion. however, this is not an excuse to be lazy! extend evidence that you want me to evaluate, or it flows as analysis. make sure to identify the card(s) correctly and elaborate on their significance given the context of the round. don't be afraid to compliment your card(s). consider using your evidence to enhance your narrative coherence.
public forum debaters should practice good partner coordination, especially during summary and final focus. consider taking prep before these speeches because what you read here can make or break your hard work. arguments and evidence mentioned in the final focus need to have been brought up in summary for me to evaluate it. i flow very well and will catch you if you read new arguments, new evidence, or shadow extensions (arguments read earlier in the round that were not read in summary). none of these arguments will be considered in my ballot, so please do not waste time on them. focus on the arguments you are winning and please weigh, meta-weigh, and crystallize!
tl;dr. show me where and why i should vote. thanks :)
you are all smart. remember to relax and have fun!
Background: 2x North Dakota State Champion (Speech to Entertain, Novice Extemporaneous Speaking)
Assistant Coach -- North Dakota, California
IE/PD/LD Judge -- North Dakota, Minnesota, California
How do I judge Speech?
The round begins before it begins. First impressions last. Be courteous. Conduct yourselves as young adults throughout. Please do not get up in front of the room until you are called. Judges are often still writing on the previous speaker and do not wish to be rushed. When we're ready, we will indicate. It is disrespectful to enter or leave a round while someone else is speaking. If a competitor AND/OR her/his spectators break decorum, this will be reflected in scores/rankings. Understand your selection. How is the character's voice different from your own? Be highly specific. Take risks, but justified. It's never a gesture for a gesture's sake, or atypical movement to be atypical. Incredible things never happen when you play it safe.
How do I judge Debate? Your presentation (PATHOS) must be on par with your arguments (ETHOS, LOGOS). Persuade us. Debate is NOT about overwhelming us with information. Rapid-fire speaking, fact bombs and excessive spreading are exhausting. This is not debate. If I can't understand you, how do you expect me to ascertain the unintelligible? If I don't believe your conviction, how do you expect to convince me? Say less = say more. Choose facts carefully. Flow clearly. Articulate. Always show respect for your opponents. Lack of civility damages credibility.
DEBATERS, PLEASE READ -- Feel free to time yourselves. But if you choose to time your opponents, 1) turn off your alarms, 2) NEVER EVER tell your opponents "time" and 3) respect that the judge's time is the official time.
Hi, my name is Adam, and I am currently a varsity parli debater and senior at Nueva. (5 yrs parli experience)
I will flow your round and am comfortable with speed, but please make sure that your opponents are also comfortable with your speed. Please provide content warnings for any arguments where they might be necessary. No explicitly racist, homophobic, sexist, etc. arguments, I am likely to intervene against them if your opponents point them out, especially because they are probably untrue.
Tech > Truth
(Debate is a space for argumentative creativity. I evaluate the flow tech > truth because I don't trust myself enough to eliminate my own biases or to be all knowledgable about the world. Please don't intentionally run false arguments, I may be mad at you in the feedback)
All arguments you make should have terminalized impacts that tell me clearly why I should be voting for them. Please do impact weighing.
I am a fan of creative counterplans, but I will also absolutely vote for a perm.
I read a lot of theory so I don't mind hearing procedural arguments and I think you can trust me to evaluate it pretty well. I don't think frivolous theory is particularly good education in the context of debate. That being said, I do default to competing interps and will evaluate friv t like any other shell, I just don't like listening to it, so I ask that you make me happy and don't run it. Similar to case, please weigh standards and voters so I know how to evaluate the shell.
I read a cap K last year and appreciate the educational value of Ks, but I may not be familiar with your lit base and its specific jargon. I am plenty willing to vote for Ks
if I can understand them, and I will try my best, but at the end of the day that is your burden.
As opposed to Ks, I think that Tricks like presumption triggers or paradoxes have little to no educational value in debate and I am likely to intervene against them. Please don't run them.
I don't care how many you ask as long as you stop if your opponents ask and keep your POIs to real questions.
I will do my best to protect the flow, but please POO if you think an argument is new. I won't dock points for multiple POOs as long as you keep them respectful.
I evaluate speaks based on how convincing, respectful, and fluid I think your speaking is. I will try my best to reduce personal bias, but because speaks are subjective, they won't contribute to my decision about who wins or loses. I will give the average novice debater a 27 and the average varsity debater a 28.
TLDR: State a clear problem in the status quo, have a clear link chain, and weigh your impacts! Try your best :)
Hello, I'm a sophomore at Nueva and I have been a parli debater for more than 2 years. I'm comfortable with all Parli stuff, but not that experienced with other formats of debate. Treat me as a tech judge for parli and a flay judge for other types. Please ask me if you have any questions with my paradigm.
For Aff, please have a clear top of case. This means: 1) Definitions. 2) Plan. 3)Weighing Mechanism. For each advantage, have a clear structure: UQ --> L --> MPX. Please clearly say when you are moving to the next section of a contention.
For Neg, please also have a clear structure: UQ --> L --> MPX. Please clearly say when you are moving to the next section of a contention. In addition, please leave enough time to respond to the Aff's arguments in the first speech!
For both teams, please weigh your impacts! Tell me which impacts are more important and why! Tell me whether I should weigh the magnitude of the impacts first, or the probability, or the timeframe! I default to Probability > Magnitude > TF
I protect against new arguments in the last speeches for the Aff and Neg for the novice division, but please call PoO's anyway! They are good practice because many judges don't, especially for the open division.
Please use sufficient evidence to defend your claims. I prefer empiricial evidence, but statistical evidence and analytical evidence from studies are also very valuable! Although you don't have to cite evidence in Parli, evidence is still a very very strong tool that strengthens your claims.
Please do not fake evidence!! If I find out that your evidence is faked, I will drop you, give you low speaks, and report you to tabroom.
Please treat each other with respect! Many times, it is the first tournament that someone has gone to, so please be nice to everyone. Do not laugh at your opponents or call them stupid. It is okay to say that their arguments are wrong, but not okay to say that their arguments are stupid.
I do not expect speed to be a problem in the novice division, but please do not speak so fast that your opponents cannot follow.
IMO, Novices should not be running friv theory or Ks. I will be very open to responses that are "wtf is a interp." If your opponents do not understand your argument, I will most likely not be voting for it.
I default to reasonability > competing interps
tech judge, love and have read all types of arguments.
run whatever you want, this is your round, i'm down to evaluate anything (case, k's, theory, tricks, etc).
perhaps this is a hot take, i love friv theory. read it, it's funny!
speaks-- winner (29.5) & loser (28)
Nevin Pai // November 2023
Hey, I'm Nevin. Here's a little bit about me:
- I am a senior at Los Altos High competing with MVLA
- I have only competed and judged parli; most other formats are unfamiliar to me
- I'm in my 4th year of debate
- For e-mail chains use [redacted]
- I strongly advise you not to take AP phys but take AP CS
- Lewis Hamilton and Mercedes fan
- I only believe in going 5-0 or 0-5; no in-between
- I'm happy to answer any questions you may have
- Imma try to keep a poker face but I doubt y'all can read me regardless
- I am a 2nd dan black belt in tae kwon do and enjoy computer science
- I wrote this on my phone - be nice about spelling and grammar !!
My preferences - lets keep it short and sweet shall we?
- Sign post. If you don't know where you are on the flow, I don't either
- Don't be problematic.
- Don't lie/fabricate evidence n stuff - debate is about education and fairness, not winning at all costs
- Weighing is cool. I like it. You should too. I don't have any preferences as to how you weigh
- Theory arguments are cool. That doesn't mean you can win on them without strong warranting. I'm not big on Ks atm so probably don't read them?
- I'm tech>truth. Please understand what you are reading and the arguments you are formulating. Reading a bunch of statistics with no links or terminalized impacts means nothing to me
- Make my job easy. Signpost, collapse n all those good things
- I do not protect flow. Point of Order!
- Formal language doesn't impress me but good arguments do. You can be informal or whatever as long as what your saying is of substance.
- Tag teaming is cool. POIs should be verbally requested. Stay within time. POOs are important sometimes so use them, speed is fine but be clear. Cool and unusual arguments will be rewarded with speaker points if well executed.
- I'll disclose if I'm allowed. Everyone gets 28 speaks by default. An amazing argument can earn you a couple points. Problematic arguments can lose you many points
- Lets have fun and be nice - debate is a game and you shall treat it as such
- Follow the tenets of tae kwon do: courtesy, integrity, self-control, indomitable spirit and perseverance
My name is Shiv Pandya and I’m a recent UC Davis graduate. I did public forum debate throughout High School so feel free to go at whatever pace is comfortable.
hi, i'm ethan (any pronouns), a junior parli debater with mvla. i've had 15 different partners so you might've seen me on the circuit as los altos sp, los altos lp (x2), los altos xp, mvla bp, los altos mp, los altos wp, mvla zp, los altos cp (x2), los altos kp, los altos pp, mvla wp, evla mp, los altos tp, or any of those codes with the initials flipped. my views on debate have been shaped by each of those partners who have ranged from lay pfers to standard flay parliers to toc circuit lders. all of that just means i'm down for whatever type of debate you wanna do.
tech > truth. this is your debate, run whatever you want. signpost, extend your arguments, and do good weighing. i don't intervene (except maybe on accident oops). if an argument is problematic, i'll vote on the flow but report you to tab + your coach.
- all arguments need a claim, warrant, and implication or else i won't vote on it
- extend your args through every speech. shadow extensions make my job hard
- extend terminal defense if you're trying to kick out of something
- signpost pls! helps me with my flow
- collapse. collapse. collapse
- weighing is cool! metaweighing/impact calc is cool too!
- i'm comfortable with speed, but don't spread out your opponents
- i'm timing you, but also time yourselves. i won't flow over time
- tag teaming is fine (but i only flow speaker)
- trichot is fake. debate the topic however u want, just be ready to win the fw/theory debate
- i tend to look at uq frames the link a lot. think carefully about your uniqueness
- warranted impacts are really cool. if impacts are the same, i'm voting on strength of link
- terminalize your impacts pls! just saying "econ goes down" is not enough
- spec-affs and cps are pretty cool if they're done strategically
- im fine with condo but also receptive to condo bad args
- the perm is not an advocacy, it's a test of competition
- i don't judge kick by default, but can if told to
- give me texts & read me solvency
lay vs. tech
this is just a rant, skip it if you want. i don't understand the divide between "lay" and "tech" debaters. the way i see it, everything in debate is just an argument. i don't see why debating solely the topic (and solely in a "lay" way) is uniquely educational, especially when all the evidence in parli is garbage and the topics are recycled from tournament to tournament. so i (as a debater not a judge) don't really like case rounds. to me, parli is not a space for learning current events and policymaking. if that was its sole purpose, i would hate this space since it likely spreads more misinformation than anything else. instead, i think parli is a space to learn how to think critically and construct arguments critically. i like theory more than anything because it's fun to run and gets people thinking critically. i like ks for the same reason. i think if people stopped being so scared of certain arguments and just tried their best to engage, they'd stop hating different style of debate so much. i've lost rounds running theory against non-theory teams. i've beat ks even when i didn't have the best k experience myself. it's possible. just ask pois and make logical responses.
- i've read everything from paragraph t to tropicality so i can roll with anything (just be accessible)
- i'm fine with jargon like 'apriori' but lowk just describe what ur talking about instead
- i default to competing interps
- i have no default for drop the arg vs. debater. if i don't hear one or the other, i don't eval the shell
- give me a brightline if you're trying to win reasonability
- the rvi is underrated but if it's just timeskew idk that seems easy to beat
- i've personally had more success with the oci or metatheory than rvis
- the k is a tool for accessibility. don't make it inaccessible
- i like creative ks!
- i'm familiar with queer theory, basic cap, and a smidge of lacan
- i know some pomo (mostly baudy and a little dng)
- if ur reading a k-aff, please disclose
- tfw is strong, just be able to answer the prep-outs
- i don't know how to weigh phil. i like phil! just tell me how to weigh under it
- my threshold for tricks are weird. give me a warrant and implication ig? and extend it through each speech
- i can eval paradoxes just read me an implication
- i'm down to hear a performance, just give me solvency
- competing skews eval claims are weird. please resolve the layering debate for me?
- i can vote on presumption triggers if they're well warranted and don't create contradictions
- my fav fruits are peaches
- i flow poi answers (these are binding)
- call the poo. i protect, but it helps me to hear justifications
- i grant the pmr and lor new weighing and meta-weighing
- pmr gets golden turns on new args + shadow extensions
- imo the pmr is broken if you can weigh. i'd suggest flipping aff in front of me
- i give speaks based on strategy. i might buy 30 speaks theory
this paradigm is long. i know. i make it this detailed because i don't want to underestimate 'novices'. if you don't understand half the stuff in this paradigm, that's fine! ask questions if you have them or just try your best to enjoy the debate and make the debate enjoyable for your opponents. i'll give in-depth feedback and disclose if allowed. good luck!
Updated Feb 2023
I competed for four years under Notre Dame High School (2014 - 2018), primarily in Parliamentary Debate and National Extemp. After 2018 I left the debate space and now judge on an ad hoc basis.
I primarily judge debate. I think the below points apply to all disciplines.
I am admittedly a stickler for case construction. I want to see framework and uniqueness/links/impacts. I find links are most often the weakest part of any argument - give me a clear link story and I will give you your impacts. Weigh your impacts too. My most common comment is to terminalize your impacts.
I am no longer capable of following speeding but still judge entirely on the flow, especially the last speeches from each team. That being said, call points of order. I will note new argumentation on the ballot.
Tell me the most important issue in the round and I'll vote there if I can. Make my decision as easy as possible. I will flow crossfire. Clear signposting will help both me and you. I love overviews and road maps.
Unless told otherwise, I weigh factors in the following order: 1) magnitude 2) probability 3) timeframe and nobody brings up reversibility any more.
I just don't believe that net benefits should be limited to one country in global resolutions. This includes resolutions about trade policy.
Please also remember to give me offense I can vote on.
On tech debate: If you don't say it's a priori, I'll probably avoid voting on it. I don't really like judging tech debate. That being said, I will be favorable to T shells where there is legitimate abuse (whatever the brightline for "legitimate" is, which I'll admit probably comes down to judge discretion). I don't like judging Kritiks, mostly because I think the base philosophy generally gets warped beyond repair.
Do not be exclusionary. Have fun!
I don't judge speech very often, but I think the following point is relevant in Impromptu and Extemp: In cases where rankings are close, I decide based on content rather than how "well" a competitor spoke. I think this is the best way to mitigate implicit bias.
For other Speech events, I do have to take delivery into account.
Claremont McKenna College '23 | Archbishop Mitty '19
Hi there! My name is Jon Joey (he/they) and I competed in Parliamentary, Public Forum, and Congressional Debate at the national circuit level for three years at Archbishop Mitty High School. After graduation from Mitty, I served there as an Assistant Debate Coach for two years and personally coached the 2021 CHSSA Parliamentary Debate State Champions. I also briefly competed in National Parliamentary Debate Association tournaments in my undergraduate years and was heavily involved in the collegiate MUN circuit.
My current affiliation is with Crystal Springs Uplands School, where I am the Head Debate Coach for both the Middle and Upper Schools.
In the interest of inclusivity, if you have ANY questions about the terms or jargon that I use in this paradigm or other questions that are not answered here, feel free to shoot me an email at email@example.com—and please cc your coach or parents/guardians on any communication to me as a general practice!
CFL Debate CHSSA State Quals Specifics:
- Please do not mention your program name if the tournament has intentionally chosen to withhold that information. I would also generally prefer debaters stick to "My partner and I" or "## Last Name 1 & Last Name 2" vs. saying something like "Mitty TK affirms" or "As the first speaker for Crystal Springs..." As a former competitor, state qualifer, and active coach in the league, I likely have implicit perceptions and thoughts about various programs in our league. If you mess up, I will do my best to consciously correct for any cognitive effects, but I would rather have you be aware of this and preemptively avoid any potential biasing—it can only help you to do so.
- I've competed in every event in this league with moderate degrees of success. Realistically, I'm a good judge for PF & Parli given my competition + judging experience but I did traditional Policy & LD in the league so I can evaluate anything. No excessive tech or hidden spikes/triggers at this tournament + use framework and weighing to tell me what offense I should prioritize!
- On a 2-judge panel, I will evaluate less technically than I normally do but I think the best split would be to balance both lay appeal + strategic argumentation.
- Follow the rules and procedures for your event. This includes i) not stealing prep during evidence exchange in carded debate ii) no back-and-forths during Point of Order procedures for Parliamentary debate and iii) making argumentation on-time—there is no grace period in the CFL.
- POIs/Cross-Examination/Cross-Fire answers are not flowed but you can still implicate concessions and indict your opponents' answers.
- This is a really hard league. You all should be proud of yourself for participating in this tournament and I wish you all the best in qualifying to State!
Parli Paradigm (last updated 11.09.23 for NPDI)
Important parts bolded and underlined for time constraints.
TL; DR: Debate how you want and how you know. If you need to adapt for a panel, I will meet you where you are and evaluate fairly.
- STOP stealing time in parliamentary debate! Do not prep with your partner while waiting for texts to be passed. There is no grace period in parliamentary debate—I stop flowing when your time ends on my timer. In the event of a timing error on my end, please hold up your timer once your opponent goes overtime.
The debate space is yours. I can flow whatever speed and am open to your interpretation of the round but would prefer traditional debate at State Quals. Don't be mean and exclusionary. This means a low threshold for phil, tricks, etc. but I will exercise a minute amount of reasonability (speaks will tank, W/L unchanged) if you're being intentionally exclusionary towards younger/novice/inexperienced debaters (e.g. refusing to explain tricks or clarify jargon in POIs or technically framing out teams for a cheap ballot). No TKOs though, sorry.
Pleaseadapt to your panel! I will evaluate as I normally do, but please do not exclude judges who may not be able to handle technical aspects of the debate round.
I keep a really tight flow and am tech over truth. Intervention is bad except with respect to morally reprehensible or blatantly problematic representations in the debate space—I reserve the right to exercise intervention in that case.
I prefer things to be framed as Uniqueness, Link, Impact but it doesn't matter that much. Conceded yet unwarranted claims are not automatic offense for you.
Doing impact weighing/comparative analysis between warrants is key to coming out ahead on arguments.
Collapse the debate down to a few arguments/issues/layers. Extend some defense on the arguments you're not going for and then go all in on the arguments that you're winning.
Rebuttals are also very important! The 1NR cannot be a repeat of the 2NC and the 1AR should be engaging with some of the new responses made in the block as well as extending the 2AC. Give overviews, do comparative world analysis, do strategic extensions.
- Please do not mention your program name if the tournament has intentionally chosen to withhold that information. I would also generally prefer debaters stick to "My partner and I" vs. saying something like "Mitty TK affirms."
- This paradigm is not a stylistic endorsement of one regional style of debate over another (e.g. East v. West, logical v. empirical, lay v. progressive). Debaters should debate according to how they know how to debate—this means that I will still evaluate responses to theory even if not formatted in a shell or allow debaters to weigh their case against a K argument. There is always going to be a competitive upshot to engaging in comparison of arguments, so please do so instead of limiting your ability to debate due to stylistic frustrations and differences.
- In the absence of a weighing mechanism, I default to net benefits, defined therein as the most amount of good for the most amount of people. This means you can still make weighing claims even in the absence of a coherent framework debate. To clarify this, I won't weigh for you, you still have to tell me which impacts I ought to prioritize.
Framework cannot be backfilled by second speakers. Omission of framework means you shift framework choice to your opponents.
For CFL: Please respect trichotomy as these topics were written with a particular spirit and are meant to serve as preparation for CHSSA (should = policy, ought or comparison of two things = value, on balance/more good than harm/statement = fact)
- Any and all spec is fine.
Read and pass texts to your opponents.
- Epistemic confidence > epistemic modesty. Win the framework.
- I tend to default that CPs are tests of competition and not advocacies. Whether running the CP or articulating a perm, please clarify the status of the CP.
I think counterplans are super strategic and am receptive to hearing most unconventional CPs (PICs, conditional, advantage, actor, delay, etc.) so long as you're prepared to answer theory. These don't have to necessarily be answered with theory but affirmative teams can logically explain why a specific counterplan is unfair or abusive for me to discount it.
Speaker points are awarded on strategy, warranting, and weighing. As a general rule: substance > style.
The path to a 30 probably includes really clean extensions and explanations of warrants, collapsing, weighing.
- Not utilizing your full speech time likely caps you at a 28. Use the time that has been allotted to you!
Despite this, I am pretty easily compelled by the litany of literature that indicate speaker points reify oppression and am pretty receptive to any theoretical argument about subverting such systems.
- I don't have solid data to back this up but I believe my threshold for high speaker points for second speakers is pretty high. See above about doing quality extension and weighing work.
My current speaks average aggregated across both Parli & PF is28.7 [H/L = 30/27; n=234; last updated 09.24.23].
Points of Information/Order
PLEASE take at least two POIs. I don't really care how many off case positions you're running or how much "you have to get through" but you can't put it off until the end of your speech, sit down, and then get mad at your opponents for misunderstanding your arguments if you never clarified what it was in the first place. On the flip side, I won't flow POIs, so it's up to you to use them strategically.
Tag teaming is fine; what this looks like is up to you.
Call the P.O.O.—I won't protect the flow.
Fun Parli Data Stuff, inspired by GR (last updated 02.15.23):
- Rounds Judged: n = 170
- Aff Ballots (Parli): 72 (42.35%)
- Neg Ballots (Parli): 98 (57.65%)
- Aff Elim Ballots (Parli): 26 (50.00%)*
- Neg Elim Ballots (Parli): 26 (50.00%)*
Feel free to use this to analyze general trends, inform elim flips, or for your "fairness uniqueness."
*this is pretty cool to me, i guess i'm not disposed to one side or another during elims ¯\_(ツ)_/¯
For anything not covered here, feel free to find me in Parli Prep and ask me before the round!
Hi everyone, I'm Shriya Tripathi, a sophomore at Washington High School. Just some background about me, I've been debating for 3 years now. I currently compete in parli, so I'm not comfortable with other debate formats. I also teach middle schoolers MSPDP. This is my first time judging novice parli, and I'm super excited to see you all debate!
- Tech > truth: I'll believe anything you say as long as you warrant it properly. Explain your arguments; I love a strong link chain.
- Weighing: I'll vote off of whichever side can prove that their impacts are the most likely to happen and that make the most sense.
- POIs: I'll give you higher speaks if you're able to confidently answer a POI. That being said, you still need to explain your answer and it needs to make logical sense. I don't mind tag-teaming, but it shows you aren't confident in what you're saying. Please don't abusively POI.
- CPs/perms: Make your cp text incredibly clear for both the opponent and me to understand. Please don't run abusive counterplans. Feel free to perm a cp if you want.
- Sign posting: Please sign post. It makes it so much easier for me to see where you are in your speech and what part of my flow I should be on.
- Speed: I don't mind fast talking, just make sure that its still understandable.
- Be confident when speaking! Pretend you know what you're talking about no matter how confused you are. Confidence will reflect well in your speaks.
- Respect: This is a HUGE part of debate. If you disrespect your opponents in any way (laughing at them during their speech, attacking them and not their arguments, etc.), I will tank your speaks.
I'll act as if I have no prior knowledge of the topic once the round starts, so definitions and BGI will be your best friend.
I'll try not to give speaks lower than 27.
Feel free to ask me any questions before the round. Have fun and good luck!
I'm Sarah, I did CX for 3.5 years in high school, 2 years in college at JMU doing NDT/CEDA, and then just under 2 years of NPDA at Western Washington University ending as a semifinalist with my partner in 2020. I've been coaching middle school and high school parli for the last 4ish years.
Now that we're back to in-person tournaments, please feel free to ask me any specific questions before the round starts if there's anything I can clarify.
this is still a work in progress
On the K-
I'm most familiar with MLM, however I can keep up with and evaluate most everything. I know the framework tricks, if you know how to use them. I have a high threshold for links of omission. I default aff doesn't get to weigh the aff against the K, unless told otherwise. I see role of the ballot arguments as an independent framing claim to frame out offense. I default to perms as tests of competitions, and not as independent advocacies. For K affs-you don't need to have topic harms if your framework has sufficient reasons to reject the res, but from my experience running nontopical affs I find it more strategic if you do have specific justifications to reject the res (I guess that distinction is more relevant for parli).
I default to competing interps over reasonability, unless told otherwise. I have kind of a high threshold for reasonability, especially when neg teams have racist/incorrect interpretations of how debate history has occurred in order to justify reactionary positions. If you have me judging parli-I default to drop the debater; and if you have me judging policy/LD-I default to drop the argument. I default to text of the interp. Parli specific: (if no weighing, do I default to LOC or MG theory? I'll come back and answer this). I don't default to fairness and education as voters, if you just read standards, then I don't have a way to externally weigh the work you're doing on that flow. I default theory apriori, but I have a relatively low threshold for arguments to evaluate other layers of the flow first. I default to "we meet" arguments working similarly to link arguments, the negative can still theoretically win risk of a violation, especially under competing interps. For disclosure arguments-I have a very high threshold for voting on this argument in parli, given that it's nearly non-verifiable. For other formats, I think disclosure and the wiki are good norms. In general, admittedly I have a high threshold for voting on t-framework.
Case-CPs don't get to kick out of particular planks of their CP in the block, if there are multiple. I default to no judge-kick. Given no work done in the round, uniqueness matters more than impacts. Fiat is durable.
I default to impact weighing in this order if no work is done in the round: probability, magnitude, timeframe.
If I am judging you in an event that you read evidence in the round-if there's card-clipping, it's likely to be an auto-drop. If you misconstrue evidence, I won't intervene but I'll have a low threshold for voting on it if the other team brings it up.