Karen Keefer Novice Invitational
2023 — Mountain View, CA/US
Novice LD Paradigm ListAll Paradigms: Show Hide
Hi, I’m Elisha Bell. I'm a high school parli debater who has been in the circuit for 5 years.
Be kind and respectful to your opponents but don’t hesitate to call them out on unfair arguments or promotion hate speech of any kind (racism, sexism, classism, etc.). Even if the opposing team doesn't call you out on hate speech don't think you got away with it, I will and I won't take it lightly in both the distribution of speaker points and my decision on the round.
I don’t mind heckling as long as it is warranted and doesn't take away from the round. I will take points off if I deem it aggressive heckling, but don't let that scare you away from engaging at all. I'll let you know in the round when you're getting close to crossing that line, before taking points off.
You can speak at whatever speed is most comfortable for you. I don't mind spreading as long as your opponents and I are still able to hear your points.
As for things I look for in a speech:
Please signpost throughout your speech as well as provide a roadmap when you start.
Make sure to engage with the other teams arguments. Don't just expand on your points without responding to refutations first, especially in later speeches (You're point doesn't still stand just because you said it does). There needs to be reasoning behind not just your responses to their points but also why yours flow through
WEIGH. Weighing is what in the end can make or break a round for you. Why do your points matter? What effect does this have on the world? Why is what you're saying have a more positive effect than your opponents? Why do your impacts matter more than your opponents? Your points don't matter if you don't have any impact to back them up.
If you have any other questions about my preference on something in round just ask me before and I'll be more that happy to answer or a question about my feedback just let me know and I can give you my email
Most importantly; have fun, humor is always welcome and enjoyed. Don't take things too seriously it's only middle school debate, I promise it is not as serious as you think. Have a great round debaters and good luck!
and if u get Athena Li tell her I'm the better judge :)
I am a parent judge.
This is my first year of being a judge.
Important: please state your speech time and roadmap at the beginning of each speech.
Please speak in an appropriate volume and a reasonable pace. Please also use simple English and don't use any inappropriate language. There is no reason to be mean as we are all learning from each other.
I evaluate rounds based on the contents of the arguments, not as much the way they are presented. Please present your arguments clearly to me so I can understand easily.
Hi, I'm Hughes [any pronouns], I've done parli for the last six years and I'm currently president of the Piedmont High School debate team.
Number 1! Basic human skill! Don't! Be! A! Bigot! If you read arguments that are racist/queerphobic/ableist/zionist/xenophobic/etc., I will drop you. Also if you defend 'capitalism good' arguments, I will drop you, my coaches are Sarah and Will, so if you find that annoying ask your coaches and they'll explain. Generally though, if you defend institutional violence and say that short-term goods outweigh institutional harms, you're probably not going to win the point, bc that's usually not true.
Number 2! You can speak as fast as you want, I don't mind, but if your opponents ask for you to slow or clear, you should slow or clear. Same goes for me, seeing as I’m partially deaf in one of my ears, so I may need clarification if you’re not enunciating(no shade if you can’t enunciate at speed, it’s chill so long as you slow when asked). It's a major accessibility thing, plus it's just polite
Number 3! POIs! Please make sure that your POIs are constructive questions for the other team, not just a pointless jabs, appeals to the judge, or an attempt to throw them off their rhythm, ask if you need info, not because you're scared to let them do their best.
Number 4! Speech structure! Make sure to weigh all the round’s impacts (you know the magnitude, probability, timeframe, etc. drill) , and terminalise as much as possible. Also remember to clash with your opponents’ arguments, not just brush them, clash is where rounds are decided, find the round's nexus and convince me you win it.
Number 5! Debate isn't about what's true, but who debates better. So long as you're not defending morally egregious things, you can win on anything with me, so basically this is a silly goofy long-winded way to say tech over truth.
Number 6! Speaks are bs! They favour white rich men with upper-class accents, so I clown with them. My quirky little speaks cheats are: +.25 for every Yung Gravy, Bauhaus, Mitski, Arctic Monkeys, Smiths, Joy Division, or general Riot Grrl reference up to 80, and +.5 for Tchaikovsky references. That said, bc I can't give multiples of the same speaks, if multiple people make it to 80, the points above 80 will dictate who gets the 80, 79.5, etc. That said, there are six of y'all in a round, so even if everyone got their max scores, someone is still getting a 77, so if you get a lower score don't @ me it be like that sometimes, sorry. So if I give you a super high speaks, be happy about it, but if I don't, you can reassure yourself that speaks are nonsense.
Number 7! Get goofy! Be funny, drop jokes, make fun of the US, debate isn't a super serious sport, it's built on humour and pushing boundries, so don't take yourself or the round way too seriously
Number 8! If you have any questions, just ask! Before the round, preferably, but you can also ask during the round if you want.
Other than that, just have fun! Good luck y'all!
Current PF debater, Have 4 years of PF experience
Don't speed read, if I don't catch your points I won't flow them. Make sure to signpost where you're responding.
I know the rules, so if I catch you cheating you lose my ballot.
WEIGH WEIGH WEIGH, tell me why I vote for you.
keep it civil
Hi I'm Kanishk! I'm currently a junior at Los Altos High School. I'm part of the MVLA debate team and I've been debating Lay LD for 3 years!
I'll try to keep this short as possible
- Framework debates should only happen if your opponent has a different framework. If you guys have the same framework, justifications are unnecessary.
- Cross Ex: PLEASE BE RESPECTFUL DURING CROSS-EX!! DO NOT SHOW ATTITUDE OR ANY SORT OF DISRESPECT! I know you guys are stressed, since it's a tournament after all, but I will deduct speaks and may even factor into my decision.
- Remember to signpost so I can keep track on my flow!
- Voters would also be nice if possible
Other Events: I haven't really judged any other events besides one PF round. Please signpost as much as possible and include voters!
Technical Debate: I'm not really familiar with tech too much, but I'm fine if you run it. Keep in mind that I have only debated lay, so I might have some internal bias towards more lay args.
for disclosure firstname.lastname@example.org
I'm a second year debater who knows the format of LD, parli, PF.
Most important thing (weighing):
Weigh arguments in your last speech (tell me which argument is more important), and you will make me happy.
Notes (basically, be reasonable):
Keeping time - I'll keep time, but you should still time yourself and your opponent.
"Truth over tech" - Meaning really sketchy arguments won't help you even if your opponent doesn't respond to them.
Timing - I won't consider any arguments made over time. Finish your sentence without adding any extra clauses, then stop. Also, don't make new arguments in the last speeches. I won't consider these so you'll just be wasting your 3 to 5 minutes.
Circuit arguments (If you don't know what these are don't worry about it.) - If you make any, walk me through them carefully and be warned that I do not know how to evaluate them properly. Save theory for actual abuse.
Other notes (basically, make the round fun):
Be nice and don't cut off your opponent too early in cross examination.
I'll raise your speaker points by 0.1 if you figure out how to mention checkers in your first speech, and by another 0.1 if you mention chickens in a different speech.
what's poppin. I'm a sophomore student judge. Been doing debate (LD) for a little over 2 years now. Please be polite in rounds, keep it light, and don't take it too seriously!
debate (LD, PF, Parli):
tech > truth, unless they're flat out illogical. I love aggressive cross as long it's tame, when I say aggressive, I don't mean being rude / cutting off your opponent, but poking holes into their case *use cross strategically. feel free to run whatever args or type of args you want.
weighing: tell me the one weighing mechanism i should use and why you outweigh under that mechanism
framework: i don't really care. have a fw debate if you want to but i would prefer not.
impacts: impact out to extinction (if you can) i love extinction impacts :). has to have some kind of warrant though. ill buy it even if it's a stretch
i honestly don't know what's going on. hopefully judge training will change my mind.
Hi y'all, I’m a student judge who does LD :) Keep in mind that I'll be flowing the round. I know the basics of PF, Parli, and speech as well.
In general, I really value impact weighing and confidence in speaking. If I can't decide between AFF and NEG, I will be looking at how well you emphasized your final points.
Timing: I will be keeping time, and will not be considering any arguments made overtime. Make sure to manage time well and signpost so I can follow along.
Speed: I can follow with spreading, but please articulate well.
Speakers: Be confident in yourself and your case; it's okay if you get stuck in the middle of an idea and just move onto another point. Cross-applying = extra speakers
Speeches: I pay close attention to dropped arguments, and please avoid gaslighting on the final speech. Also, try keeping your arguments as organized as possible (moving down each flow)
Finally, please always be respectful to your opponents. Good luck!
I'm a sophomore student judge and I've been doing only LD debate for a little over a year now.
Don't be mean.
Don't do things that shouldn't be done in speech and debate.
If I ever seem confused, that might be because I am.
For LD debate:
I don't have a lot of trust in myself, so it might be best to treat me like a parent judge (make things clear).
However, I do flow, so I probably won't fall for 2ar gaslights or dropped arguments.
Speaking of flowing, I'm a lay debater, so please don't spread or I might not write down all of your arguments.
Also, please try to give off-time roadmaps and sign posting.
I also enjoy framework debates (when applicable) and voters, just something to keep in mind in round.
I do keep cross-ex in mind, and it may affect my decision if it is really good and the round is close.
If I can't decide who should win, I will probably prefer aff because it requires better time management.
Also, try not to make me do the work of making arguments for you when I make my decision. Make your points clearly so I know exactly what arguments you want me to think about. (so try weighing, tell me why your impacts are stronger so I don't have to do it for you)
I don't really know what else to say, I might have forgotten some things to mention, so make of it what you will.
(don't be mean etc though)
I don't really know anything else other than LD, so just treat me as if I were a beginner parent judge.
I spent like half an hour deliberating on what to write, so maybe take this paradigm with a grain of salt.
Greetings! I am Rishi Narang, and if you are reading this, I will probably be your judge for the next round. I have been doing Lincoln Douglass since I started speech and debate. Below is a set of judging preferences that would be an excellent outline to have a successful debate
make sure your framework links back to the text. If it does not link back to the case properly I will have a hard time buying it. You should regularly link the framework to the point and show how it solves your framework. I need to be convinced that your framework matters more and that I should view and measure the round through your framework.
All definitions presented should be warranted, otherwise, I will have a hard time trying to buy them. Make sure to consistently link them back to the argument.
Make sure your contentions are warranted. I have trouble buying things without ample evidence and proof. Make sure you have a clear tagline and impact. As stated above, link it back to the value and value criterion. I generally do not tend to buy args like mass extinction, but if you manage to prove it as possible with sufficient evidence, anything wins, and hats off to you. I also respect logic as well and you do not have to feel the need to over-warrant basic information. Quality is better than Quantity. I would vote for the person with two strong arguments over 5 weak ones.
Make sure that you are signposting and give an off-time roadmap stating whose case you are going over first. As a relatively flow-based judge, dropped points will have an impact on my overall decision. Reciting cards does not do anything to convince me if you do not provide ample reasoning as to why these cards matter and how it defends your case/attack your opponent's case.
I heavily recommend adding voter issues at the end. This is the "cherry on top" for your side since it shows the judge why your argument matters more...and this will influence my decision.
I won't flow cross, but it is a good idea to put pressure on the opponent's case and test its breaking point.
Theory and K's:
Generally not the best idea to run it when I am judging because I am not very familiar with it.
General Debate Practices:
Speed and Clarity:
Speak Speaker points are one thing, but more importantly, I want to be able to understand your case. If you have a problem with speech please inform me before the round starts...and I will be significantly more lenient with that. I will always award a 27.5 or higher for speaker points...and while you can get speaker points it does not influence the decision of who wins or loses. Please do not spread. I will say "slow" if you are speaking too fast. I would prefer that you do not speak over 275wpm because I want to make sure I make a fair decision and get all of your points
This is just based on basic decency. Please do not make any personal phobic remarks (sexist, racist, etc.) This is meant to be a safe environment for people and one needs to respect that. Be nice to each other...it is not that hard :) Don't Accuse your opponents of being racist because of the arguments being targeted at a specific race, ethnicity, etc. While being an aggressive debater is something...it should not be done at the cost of respect. If you debate, then do it honorably. This is something I will not be taking lightly throughout the round.
I do not disclose, but I will provide verbal RFDs as well as written ones.
Remember that this is not life or death. Regardless of the outcome just remember to have fun and learn as much as possible! Best of luck :D
Hi I'm Aaron (he/him), I'm a sophomore at Paly High School and have been debating primarily LD (and some parli) for 2 years and counting!
Please disclose and start an email chain at email@example.com
TLDR: like tech debate so plz run :D
What NOT to do:
1) be explicitly or implicitly racist, sexist, homophobic, ableist, or make the debate dangerous in any way. I will drop you automatically and tank your speaks regardless if your opponent runs DTD or an IVI
2) If you are running identity args and you don't identify with that identity i.e afropess, queerpess, feminism and you say "I" and "We" when you don't know the struggle
3) bully your opponent. I'm a little more lenient when it comes to this (frankly I think debate should be more relaxed and fun and a little sass is fine), but if you try to outspread a novice, make rude/mean comments, etc. I will also lower your speaks and drop you depending how bad it is.
4) abuse grace period -> you can finish your sentence but don't say and... if you're already over
5) forget to extend things from cross-ex I will pay attention to CX but won't flow
What to do:
1) sign post and make it clear what arguments your are making/responding to. Organize clearly are group arguments
2) links and warrants etc. tech > truth =/= you can make obscenely stupid arguments with out reasoning
3) make it clear when your opponent drops arguments on that same note EXTEND ARGUMENTS. I won't flow what you don't extend and won't use it to evaluate the round if you drop your own arguments. I will do my best to protect the flow and drop any new arguments made in last speeches (but call POOs in parli)
4) I will probably be familiar with the LD topic since I'm competing too, but still assume that I don't and explain your args well
5) give trigger warnings if dealing with a topic that requires one before your speech... I will vote off of TW theory if your opponent runs it but plz still give TWs even if they don't
6) WEIGH AND HAVE VOTERS AND IMPACT CALC IN UR FINAL SPEECH; make it easy for me to evaluate the round so I intervene as little as possible. Don't be afraid to collapse on args that you think are important.
On the circuit:
Just to preface this:
I understand K's (I have run some) and some phil, but not really well versed in the literature. If what you're running is complicated, make sure to explain it very well so I can understand, but go all out: I find tech rounds much more entertaining :D so plz run it
tech > truth AS LONG AS YOU HAVE WARRANTS, and I judge tabula rassa. I will try to intervene as little as possible. Although I will probably weigh truth a little more than your average tech judge
Spreading: am very bad at flowing spreaders, if you do decide to spread I won't stop you, but please disclose and I will call clear if I can't understand you. If I have to repeatedly, I will stop flowing
I will default to Theory>K>Case
My preference from favorite to least favorite/understand best is Theory, K(T or non-T), stock/policy, phil, tricks (I HATE TRICKS :)); I will do my best to try to evaluate everything, but if I don't understand it, I don't flow it
default to competing interps, no rvi's, and DTD, a priori
I find friv shells quite entertaining so I will still evaluate them, but they still need clear warrants etc., and you will have a lower chance of winning off of them
Disclosure: if you know you speak very fast or can be unclear please disclose. I don't find it necessary to disclose (especially at trad tournaments), but will vote off of disclosure theory if your opponent runs it.
Topicality: I'm not the biggest fan of non-topical affs since I just find it generally unfair in round. If your opponent runs a non-topical aff I buy T-fw really easily, so be prepared to defend against if if you are running anything non-topical on aff.
I AM NOT VERY WELL VERSED IN MOST K LITERATURE, though I myself have run ks before (and like them very much) I am also very stupid so explain your k to me as if I were a 5 year old.
Again, I probably won't know your k lit if its obscure or very complex so slow down and make sure you explain it. Some k's that I am familiar with and good at judging: Cap, Fem (most types), SetCol, NeoCol, Security, Bellicism
If you respond to Ks with Ks Bad theory I will prob default to T>K so MAKE LAYERING ARGUMENTS
Have a clear roll of the ballot, links, impacts, and alts.
ROB: make sure to warrant them and explain why it comes first or is better than your opponent's FW. If you're responding to a K, make sure to have a counter-role of the ballot.
links: I like case-specific links more compelling than generics.
Impacts: PLZ PLZ PLZ DO NOT impact turn Ks. More time than not, this will lead to harmful rhetoric. I have seen so many people try to impact turn colonialism etc which will probably make you lose the round.
Alts: I don't really like sketchy epistemological alts like "re-framing our thinking" or something along those lines. I would much prefer a post-FIAT plan like alt that is concrete and tangible (doing this will also prob get you out of a lot of K's bad theory)
I don't find speaks that important in debate and will default to 28. Unless you are funny, really good at speaking, or being harmful in round, I won't typically change speaks
If you got through this whole paradigm, congrats! Have fun in round!
HI MY NAME IS JOSEPH, AND I DO LD AND PARLI AT PALO ALTO HS (2ND YEAR DEBATER)
PLEASE DISCLOSE YOUR CASE TO MY EMAIL: JUMPINGJOSEPHXD@GMAIL.COM
PREFS: CASE > T > K > TRIX
TIMING: THERE'S NO GRACE PERIOD I STOP FLOWING AFTER THE TIME ENDS
I WILL FLOW YOUR ROUND AND AM COMFORTABLE WITH SPEED (NO SPREADING THO UNLESS YOU SEND THE SPEECH DOC), BUT PLEASE MAKE SURE THAT YOUR OPPONENTS ARE ALSO COMFORTABLE WITH YOUR SPEED.
TRUTH > TECH, NO POINT IN MAKING A BUNCH OF ARGS IF THEY ARE NOT TRUE!!!
ALL ARGUMENTS YOU MAKE SHOULD HAVE IMPACTS THAT TELL ME CLEARLY WHY I SHOULD BE VOTING FOR THEM. PLEASE DO IMPACT WEIGHING. I'D VOTE ON ANY ARG THAT YOU DO WEIGHING WITH
I AM A FAN OF CREATIVE COUNTERPLANS, BUT I WILL ALSO ABSOLUTELY VOTE FOR A PERM.
I DON'T THINK FRIVOLOUS THEORY IS PARTICULARLY GOOD EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF DEBATE. THAT BEING SAID, I DO DEFAULT TO COMPETING INTERPS AND WILL EVALUATE FRIV T LIKE ANY OTHER SHELL, I JUST DON'T LIKE LISTENING TO IT, SO I ASK THAT YOU MAKE ME HAPPY AND DON'T RUN IT. SIMILAR TO CASE, PLEASE WEIGH STANDARDS AND VOTERS SO I KNOW HOW TO EVALUATE THE SHELL.
I'M EXTREMELY UNFAMILIAR WITH KS, AND DON'T REALLY KNOW HOW TO EVALUATE THEM. PLEASE DON'T RUN ONE.
I THINK THAT TRICKS LIKE PRESUMPTION TRIGGERS OR PARADOXES HAVE LITTLE TO NO EDUCATIONAL VALUE IN DEBATE AND I AM LIKELY TO INTERVENE AGAINST THEM. PLEASE DON'T RUN THEM.
I DON'T CARE HOW MANY YOU ASK AS LONG AS YOU STOP IF YOUR OPPONENTS ASK AND KEEP YOUR POIS TO REAL QUESTIONS.
I WILL DO MY BEST TO PROTECT THE FLOW, BUT PLEASE POO IF YOU THINK AN ARGUMENT IS NEW. I WON'T DOCK POINTS FOR MULTIPLE POOS AS LONG AS YOU KEEP THEM RESPECTFUL.
I EVALUATE SPEAKS BASED ON HOW CONVINCING, RESPECTFUL, AND FLUID I THINK YOUR SPEAKING IS. I WILL TRY MY BEST TO REDUCE PERSONAL BIAS, BUT BECAUSE SPEAKS ARE SUBJECTIVE, THEY WON'T CONTRIBUTE TO MY DECISION ABOUT WHO WINS OR LOSES. I WILL GIVE THE AVERAGE NOVICE DEBATER A 27.5 AND THE AVERAGE VARSITY DEBATER A 28.
varsity lay lder and have done pf (kinda), tech+lay parli, and speech. i'm a sophomore mvla student judge
general -- be nice, polite, and respectful. have fun!
ld -- off-time roadmap/signposting. feel free to spread but i might not flow everything. collapsing cool, good weighing. i time you but time yourselves. shadow extensions = new args. no gaslighting pls. i'll try my best to protect the flow
parli -- full tech>truth. tag teaming cool. do whatever you want as long as it's not abusive/problematic and i know what's going on! call POO's, i don't protect flow
t/k -- i love theory! friv is cool, if you spread your k i need good articulation, i'll eval round in wtv way you tell me to. (i doubt any of this is gonna happen in keefer but i just wanted a t/k section)
pf -- same thing as ld
speech -- no idea lmao (sound good?)
other -- i won’t flow over time, 10 sec grace. i sorta flow poi and flex (if there is flex) answers. i don't flow cx, bring it up in rebuttal if you wanna use it ofc.
tl;dr: "just be funny and nice, you got this !"
i'm a student judge, will be flowing all speeches, please signpost.
ld: i compete in lay ld, lots of experience, feel free to do what you want and i can follow along.
parli: i've done lay parli before, i know the basics.
pf: tell me what to value in the round and weigh!
speed: i'm good with most speeds in lay pools, unless it heavily impedes comprehensibility. please don't spread.
timing: i don't flow over time, grace period only for briefly finishing a sentence.
tech > truth: if it's completely illogical, i will not evaluate the argument.
cross: part of deciding speaks, if you want something to be considered in the round, please bring it up in a rebuttal speech. feel free to cut off your opponents, but do so respectfully.
case: well constructed cases are important! i love case extensions as well; don't run cps if the tournament rules do not allow for it.
theory/k's: limited exposure/basic understanding of theory. won't comprehend k's very well (especially if spreaded). don't run friv theory.
extra speaks if you add a random duck argument. it has to be logical, but not necessarily topical.
speaks (joke version, i usually evaluate speaks just with a normal 27.5 on average):
not funny - 25
barely trying to be funny - 26
made me smile - 27
made me laugh - 28
funnier than me - 29
stand-up comedian - 30
do your best and i'm sure it'll be a great round!
Hey ! I am a high schooler with 3 years of debate experience:
email: firstname.lastname@example.org (always add me to the email chain)
- there is a positive chance that I am timing as well so please maintain your time properly
- if you can time your opponent's speeches too because its hella smart to do
- I believe in a 15 second grace period but if you go over that i will drop speaks
- i am more of a lay debater so i prefer a fast pace but not spreading
- if you do spread i will not mark speaks off but if you don't send a speech doc then yes
- if spreading and you are not clear i will shout out clear so just be mindful of that
- be clear and make sure that you can persuade a person just by your speaking skillz
- off-time road maps are ok
- PLEASE SIGN POST i will be so confused if you don't tell me where you are on the flow
- i am always flowing so take that how you please
- clash is amazing
- please have clash it makes the debate so much more fun to judge
- please weigh i will consider it in my decision
- impact weighing is a must like explain to me why i should vote for you and why your impacts are higher than your opponent's :)
- i do not flow cross ex
- if something did come up in cross ex then please mention it in ur next speech
Please be respectful to me and your opponent because if your not then i will not be a happy person, it will result in lower speaks and if you are extremely disrespectful it will result to a loss :).
I am a tech over truth kinda gal so take that into consideration
- this is my main event so I love judging and debating
- no new arguments in the 2AR or 2NR i will know and I will not flow at all
- plans: I am fine with it but not a big fan. If you know how to defend it properly i will consider it but if not then its not a good time for you
- Ks: i do not like them personally :) but ill not vote against one ( defending is key !)
- Framework: I LOVE framework debate its my favorite, but if it gets out of hand then i will stop flowing if it gets too much. Make sure that it aligns with your case pls or else imma be sad.
- impact debate is important
- if both you and ur opponent drop arguments and neither of you notice i wont care and I will drop them too (it will not be in my ballot but just as a tip make sure to respond to everything !)
Please make this debate fun,
like im fine with funny examples or like tv show examples because I will probably understand it.
Just enjoy it and legit the round doesnt have to be all serious cuz im not even a serious person :)
Hello! My name's Noelle and I’m a high school student with Palo Alto High School. I compete in LD (2yrs experience) but have dabbled in PF and done Parli before high school. My paradigm is really long but I promise I’m really chill I just personally like long paradigms.
First off please don't say anything offensive during round. If this happens I will consider it immediate loss.
For debate: I tend to be a flow judge. I vote based on responses to arguments and clarity of speaking. If the round is LD I will vote for whichever side actually fulfills the framework. If you lose on framework you’re losing the round.
On evidence, I will not fact-check arguments after the round. It is up to you to prove your opponent’s evidence is wrong. You also need to explain why your evidence matters. I don't care about your stats if you don't put it into perspective and tell me why it's important.
On weighing, I really like voter issues. Please manage your time to include some. You will need to explain why every single argument you make matters or I will decide myself. You will also need to explain why your opponent's impacts don't matter as much. If your opponent drops an argument you need to explain why that argument is important in the first place or I won’t consider it an adequate response.
ALSO PLEASE SIGNPOST. Unless you and your opponent agree otherwise, I will stop taking notes as soon as the timer reaches zero. I may need to be reminded of speaking times for things other then LD. I do not flow cross nor do I take it into consideration for the ballot
For speech: Sorry speechies I don’t know a single thing about your stuff so speak good I guess?