Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational

2019 — Colleyville, TX/US

Malka Ahmed Paradigm

Not Submitted

Anthony Brown Paradigm


Currently the head coach at Carroll Senior High School. Primarily competed in Public Forum while in school but also spent very short periods in Policy and Congress. This will be my 12th season involved with speech & debate.


The easiest way to win my ballot is through comparative weighing. Explain why your links are clearer and stronger and how your impacts are more important than those of your opponents. I completely understand the purpose and benefits of collapsing late in the debate but if you’re going to drop an argument to collapse on a completely separate argument then I would be 100% sure that you explain to me why I should weigh the remaining argument over the fact that you dropped part of your case.

Answers to questions that are probably in your head

· Speed is fine but if I miss something that is crucial to your case because you can’t speak fast and clearly at the same time then that’ll be your fault

· I do not flow cross so if anything important was said mention it in a speech

· I would classify myself as Tabula Rasa but let’s not get too crazy


· I don’t give many 30’s but it’s not impossible to get a 30 from me.

· I would much rather you sacrifice your speed for clarity. If you can’t get to everything that you need to say then it would probably be best to prioritize your impacts and do a great job weighing.

· Any comments that are intended (or unintended in certain circumstances) to be discriminatory in any form will immediately result in the lowest possible speaker points.

John Cagle Paradigm

NO SPREADING!!!!!!!!! I cannot emphasize this point enough! Debate should be about how well you know your case, can support your case with evidence, use logic to link your case and evidence together, and use logic and evidence to counter your opponents arguments. Speaking so fast that the judge or your opponent can't understand you doesn't mean you are a good debater, it just means you can talk really fast (and maybe not even say anything). I don't like winning on technicalities. Spreading is a means to winning on technicalities. Speaking fast so you can get lots of arguments in that your opponent will drop is my definition of winning on technicalities. I realize this is a game and you are trying to play that game but I also believe this should benefit you in life. There is no use for spreading in life, period!

I don't care how you want to run your case. All I ask is that you tell me what you are going to do then do that. Also, please use logical reasoning to link your argument together as well as with your evidence. Don't skip steps. Don't use reasoning such as If A then B therefore Z. In doing this you have skipped lots of steps. I'm not saying the conclusion of Z is wrong just that you haven't proved that Z is correct. Don't make me skip steps to get to your conclusion because I won't, that is your job. An example of this is the nuclear war argument. You can't say things like if a particular political party wins an election then nuclear war is imminent. This is complete non-sense and shows me that you have no idea how to reason. Solving for nuclear war is hard and requires lots of steps and evidence to get there. Don't use that argument unless you are prepared to do the work to get me there.

I really dislike it when the debtor just reads their case. I'm not expecting you to have it memorized but know it well enough that you can talk to me about it. If you just read it that doesn't show me that you know anything about your case, just that you can read. You should be able to present your case in a way that shows me either you wrote your own case or that you know it well enough to be able to speak without having to rely on your computer for everything. Obviously if you are a Novice then I don't expect so much from you. However, both Novice and Varsity should be able to pronounce correctly all the words you use.

Your summary/final focus speeches should tie everything back together for me. Tell me what arguments your opponent dropped. Give me voters. I realize this is a game and you are throwing everything against the wall to see what sticks but lets pretend that is not what is going on. So please don't say things like "Judge, if you don't believe that then how about..." You better believe, or at least act like you believe, your whole case or I'm not going to.

Stef Cambra Paradigm

8 rounds

PF Paradigms

I’m first and foremost an interp coach. Treat me like a lay judge who happens to know the rules (and yes- I know the rules). No spreading, clash is fine. If you really want to pick up my ballot, be professional- yes I like it when people stand for cross examination and are polite and supportive to their opponents before and after the round. I like it when I feel the teams are focused and paying attention not only to their opponents speeches but also to their team member's speeches. And the other way to pick up my ballot is to focus on cross examination. I find that a strong, quality CX can illustrate your ability to communicate, prove your points, illustrate your knowledge and understanding of the debate and show your best engaged debate skills. Anyone can read a prepared card. Show me you know what to do with it.

Please do not ask me what my qualifications are to judge.

Interp Paradigms

I was a high school competitor all four years - competing in all Interp events (DI, HI, OO, prose, poetry, Duo, Duet) and Congressional Debate. I competed on the Texas and National Circuits. Here's the big thing to know - you should never change your style, material, or story to try to get my 1. I will always respect the stories you choose to tell, the performance you're developing, and your courage to be you and share messages important to you. I don't need trigger warnings, I don't need you to cater to me because that's not what speech is about. Just be you. My ballots may sound tough, but it comes out of a desire to help you improve. I've provided insight into what I'm looking for but none of it should force you to change your content.

For Interp Events, I'm looking for honest storytelling (talk to me like a person) and tech that helps enhance your story and not detract from it. I'm looking for clear, well-developed characters. I'm looking for an excellent intro that provides meaning and importance for your piece. I'm looking for excellent execution of pacing and incorporation of levels. Draw me into your story and leave me with something to take away. In addition, for all binder events, I'm a stickler for binder etiquette.

For Public Speaking Events (OO and INFO), I'm looking for topics that you are personally invested in. I'm looking for an engaging AGD, a clear vehicle, well-defined points supported with a balance of ethos, pathos, and logos. Share your heart story and be honest with it. Most importantly, these are two events where you can really be yourself. Be your best self, sure. But don't feel like you have to put on a whole song and dance to get my one. I'm looking for an inspirational, conversational tone. INFO - I'm looking for creative visuals that are well-executed and add value to your speech without being a distraction.

For Extemp, I'm looking for a clear understanding of the question and a definitive answer with supporting analysis (cite those sources guys). Two points or three points are fine, depending on the question and your approach to answering the question. I just want your speech to have a clear sense of structure and organization. I'm also looking for strong presentation skills. Have vocal variety, adopt a conversational tone, know how to present in a way that is approachable for all audience types and not just those well-versed in current events and extemp. Don't be afraid to crack a joke, but don't rely purely on humor. Fluency breaks, circular speech (rehashing points and repeating yourself), and poor time management could affect your rank in round.

Donald Cox Paradigm

8 rounds

My likes and preferences are irrelevant. I believe tournaments are opportunities to practice and exhibit your best debate skills. Therein, I encourage you to utilize whatever methods you have learned and perfected. The debater (team) that is more convincing will earn my vote. That said, please be aware that substance beats style. Meaning: a creditable case poorly delivered will beat an implausible case expertly delivered. Also, clarity is essential. Speed is acceptable, but only if accompanied by good diction. Any words not understood will be words ignored. Bottom line: What you show me will be considered your best. Good luck!

Harry Davis Paradigm

8 rounds

A debate is not won by the fastest talker or the one who quotes the most evidence cards. It is won through argument. Ultimately, I decide the winner as one would decide a civil lawsuit--by the preponderance of the evidence. This means you must quantify, quantify, quantify. Both sides must quantify the degree of benefit from their respective plans and the degree of harm due to either the absence of their plan or the implementation of the other side's plan. In the end, the team that quantifies the most compellingly and effectively will win the debate.

Nick Hernandez Paradigm

8 rounds (she/her)

You may frontline your 2NR.

Colin Hodgkiss Paradigm

Speed isn't a problem so long as you are clear. If you read the K make sure you explain the alt.

My email is, I would prefer to be added to the email chain.

Robey Holland Paradigm

I am the head coach at Plano West. I was previously the coach at LC Anderson. I was a 4-year debater in high school, 3-years LD and 1-year CX. My students have competed in elimination rounds at several national tournaments, including Glenbrooks, Greenhill, Berkeley, Harvard, Emory, St. Marks, etc. I’ve also had debaters win NSDA Nationals and the Texas State Championship (both TFA and UIL.)

Email chain:

PF Paradigm

· You can debate quickly if that’s your thing, I can keep up. Please stop short of spreading, I’ll flow your arguments but tank your speaks. If something doesn’t make it onto my flow because of delivery issues or unclear signposting that’s on you.

· Do the things you do best. In exchange, I’ll make a concerted effort to adapt to the debaters in front of me. However, my inclinations on speeches are as follows:

o Rebuttal- Do whatever is strategic for the round you’re in. Spend all 4 minutes on case, or split your time between sheets, I’m content either way. If 2nd rebuttal does rebuild then 1st summary should not flow across ink.

o Summary- I prefer that both teams make some extension of turns or terminal defense in this speech. I believe this helps funnel the debate and force strategic decisions heading into final focus. If the If 1st summary extends case defense and 2nd summary collapses to a different piece of offense on their flow, then it’s fair for 1st final focus to leverage their rebuttal A2’s that weren’t extended in summary.

o Final Focus- Do whatever you feel is strategic in the context of the debate you’re having. While I’m pretty tech through the first 3 sets of speeches, I do enjoy big picture final focuses as they often make for cleaner voting rationale on my end.

· Weighing, comparative analysis, and contextualization are important. If neither team does the work here I’ll do my own assessment, and one of the teams will be frustrated by my conclusions. Lessen my intervention by doing the work for me. Also, it’s never too early to start weighing. If zero weighing is done by the 2nd team until final focus I won’t consider the impact calc, as the 1st team should have the opportunity to engage with opposing comparative analysis.

· I’m naturally credulous about the place of theory debates in Public Forum. However, if you can prove in round abuse and you feel that going for a procedural position is your best path to the ballot I will flow it. Contrary to my paradigm for LD/CX, I default reasonability over competing interps and am inclined to award the RVI if a team chooses to pursue it. Don’t be surprised if I make theory a wash and vote on substance. Good post fiat substance debates are my favorite part of this event, and while I acknowledge that there is a necessity for teams to be able to pursue the uplayer to check abusive positions, I am opposed to this event being overtaken by theory hacks and tricks debate.

· I’m happy to evaluate framework in the debate. I think the function of framework is to determine what sort of arguments take precedence when deciding the round. To be clear, a team won’t win the debate exclusively by winning framework, but they can pick up by winning framework and winning a piece of offense that has the best link to the established framework. Absent framework from either side, I default Cost-Benefit Analysis.

· Don’t flow across ink, I’ll likely know that you did. Clash and argument engagement is a great way to get ahead on my flow.

· Prioritize clear sign posting, especially in rebuttal and summary. I’ve judged too many rounds this season between competent teams in which the flow was irresolvably muddied by card dumps without a clear reference as to where these responses should be flowed. This makes my job more difficult, often results in claims of dropped arguments by debaters on both sides due to lack of clarity and risks the potential of me not evaluating an argument that ends up being critical because I didn’t know where to flow it/ didn’t flow it/ placed it somewhere on the flow you didn’t intend for me to.

· After the round I am happy to disclose, walk teams through my voting rationale, and answer any questions that any debaters in the round may have. Pedagogically speaking I think disclosure is critical to a debater’s education as it provides valuable insight on the process used to make decisions and provides an opportunity for debaters to understand how they could have better persuaded an impartial judge of the validity of their position. These learning opportunities require dialogue between debaters and judges. On a more pragmatic level, I think disclosure is good to increase the transparency and accountability of judge’s decisions. My expectation of debaters and coaches is that you stay civil and constructive when asking questions after the round. I’m sure there will be teams that will be frustrated or disagree with how I see the round, but I have never dropped a team out of malice. I hope that the teams I judge will utilize our back and forth dialogue as the educational opportunity I believe it’s intended to be. If a team (or their coaches) become hostile or use the disclosure period as an opportunity to be intellectually domineering it will not elicit the reaction you’re likely seeking, but it will conclude our conversation. My final thought on disclosure is that as debaters you should avoid 3ARing/post-rounding any judge that discloses, as this behavior has a chilling effect on disclosure, encouraging judges who aren’t as secure in their decisions to stop disclosing altogether to avoid confrontation.

· Please feel free to ask any clarifying questions you may have before we begin the round, or email me after the round if you have additional questions.

LD/CX Paradigm

Big picture:

· You should do what you do best and in return I will make an earnest effort to adapt to you and render the best decision I can at the end of the debate. In this paradigm I'll provide ample analysis of my predispositions towards particular arguments and preferences for debate rounds. Despite that, reading your preferred arguments in the way that you prefer to read them will likely result in a better outcome than abandoning what you do well in an effort to meet a paradigm.

· You may speak as fast as you’d like, but I’d prefer that you give me additional pen time on tags/authors/dates. If I can’t flow you it’s a clarity issue, and I’ll say clear once before I stop flowing you.

· I like policy arguments. It’s probably what I understand best because it’s what I spent the bulk of my time reading as a competitor. I also like the K. I have a degree in philosophy and feel comfortable in these rounds.

· I have a high threshold on theory. I’m not saying don’t read it if it’s necessary, but I am suggesting is that you always layer the debate to give yourself a case option to win. I tend to make theory a wash unless you are persuasive on the issue, and your opponent mishandles the issue.

· Spreading through blocks of analytics with no pauses is not the most strategic way to win rounds in front of me. In terms of theory dumps you should be giving me some pen time. I'm not going to call for analytics except for the wording of interps-- so if I miss out on some of your theory blips that's on you.

· I’m voting on substantive offense at the end of the debate unless you convince me to vote off of something else.

· You should strive to do an exceptional job of weighing in the round. This makes your ballot story far more persuasive, increasing the likelihood that you'll pick up and get high speaks.

· Disclosure is good for debate rounds. I’m not holding debaters accountable for being on the wiki, particularly if the debater is not from a circuit team, but I think that, at minimum, disclosing before the round is important for educational debates. If you don’t disclose before the round and your opponent calls you on it your speaks will suffer. If you're breaking a new strat in the round I won't hold you to that standard.


· Speaker points start at a 28 and go up or down from their depending on what happens in the round including quality of argumentation, how well you signpost, quality of extensions, and the respect you give to your opponent. I also consider how well the performance of the debater measures up to their specific style of debate. For example, a stock debater will be held to the standard of how well they're doing stock debate, a policy debater/policy debate, etc.

· I would estimate that my average speaker point is something like a 28.7, with the winner of the debate earning somewhere in the 29 range and the loser earning somewhere in the 28 range.

Trigger Warnings:

Debaters that elect to read positions about traumatic issues should provide trigger warnings before the round begins. I understand that there is an inherent difficulty in determining a bright line for when an argument would necessitate a trigger warning, if you believe it is reasonably possible that another debater or audience member could be triggered by your performance in the round then you should provide the warning. Err on the side of caution if you feel like this may be an issue. I believe these warnings are a necessary step to ensure that our community is a positive space for all people involved in it.

The penalty for not providing a trigger warning is straightforward: if the trigger warning is not given before the round and someone is triggered by the content of your position then you will receive 25 speaker points for the debate. If you do provide a trigger warning and your opponent discloses that they are likely to be triggered and you do nothing to adjust your strategy for the round you will receive 25 speaker points. I would prefer not to hear theory arguments with interps of always reading trigger warnings, nor do I believe that trigger warnings should be commodified by either debater. Penalties will not be assessed based on the potential of triggering. At the risk of redundancy, penalties will be assessed if and only if triggering occurs in round, and the penalty for knowingly triggering another debater is docked speaks.

If for any reason you feel like this might cause an issue in the debate let’s discuss it before the round, otherwise the preceding analysis is binding.


· I enjoy a good framework debate, and don’t care if you want to read a traditional V/C, ROB, or burdens.

· You should do a good job of explaining your framework. It's well worth your time spent making sure I understand the position than me being lost the entire round and having to make decisions based on a limited understanding of your fw.


· I’m more down for a topicality debate than a theory debate, but you should run your own race. I default competing interps over reasonability but can be convinced otherwise if you do the work on the reasonability flow. If you’re going for T you should be technically sound on the standards and voters debate.

· You should read theory if you really want to and if you believe you have a strong theory story, just don’t be surprised if I end up voting somewhere else on the flow.

· It's important enough to reiterate: Spreading through blocks of analytics with no pauses is not the most strategic way to win rounds in front of me. In terms of theory dumps you should be giving me some pen time. I'm not going to call for analytics except for the wording of interps-- so if I miss out on some of your theory blips that's on you. Also, if you do not heed that advice there's a 100% chance I will miss some of your theory blips.


· I’m a fan of the K. Be sure to clearly articulate what the alt looks like and be ready to do some good work on the link story; I’m not very convinced by generic links.

· Don’t assume my familiarity with your literature base.

· For the neg good Kritiks are the ones in which the premise of the Kritik functions as an indict to the truth value of the Aff. If the K only gains relevance via relying on framework I am less persuaded by the argument; good K debates engage the Aff, not sidestep it.


· If you give good justifications and explanations of your performance I'm happy to hear it.


· These are good neg strats to read in front of me.

· Both the aff and neg should be technical in their engagement with the component parts of these arguments.

· Neg, you should make sure that your shells have all the right parts, IE don’t read a DA with no uniqueness evidence in front of me.

· Aff should engage with more than one part of these arguments if possible and be sure to signpost where I should be flowing your answers to these off case positions.

· I think I evaluate these arguments in a pretty similar fashion as most people. Perhaps the only caveat is that I don't necessarily think the Aff is required to win uniqueness in order for a link turn to function as offense. If uniqueness shields the link it probably overwhelms the link as well.

· I think perm debates are important for the Aff (on the CP of course, I WILL laugh if you perm a DA.) I am apt to vote on the perm debate, but only if you are technical in your engagement with the perm I.E. just saying "perm do both" isn't going to cut it.


· I'm not very familiar with it, and I'm probably not the judge you want to pref.

Feel free to ask me questions after the round if you have them, provided you’re respectful about it. If you attempt to 3AR me or become rude the conversation will end at that point.

Jordan Innerarity Paradigm

For my general paradigm, I consider myself tab. There are no arguments I do and don’t like. I will judge the arguments presented in the round and I don’t want to impose my own beliefs or arguments into the round. You have to tell my why the arguments made in the round matter. If you fail to give me a way in which to evaluate the round, I will default to a policy maker. Being a policy maker, I am looking for the negative team to run disadvantages, counter plans, kritiks, and anything else. As a policy maker, I am looking for you to terminalize your impacts. Why specifically is nuclear war bad? Does it kill millions of people? Just saying dehumanization or nuclear war is bad isn’t an impact. I will gladly listen to counter plans, theory arguments and Kritiks. My only advice on the k is to tell me what the role of the ballot is. Why is my ballot key to your alt?


I will vote on T when there is proven abuse. I need to see in-round abuse for me to pull the trigger. I think T is a legitimate tool for a negative team, but I strongly urge the team that goes all in for T to make sure they can prove in-round abuse. If the aff is just failing to make arguments on the T, I will vote for it, but my preference is for in-round abuse to be occurring.

I am not a fan of LD 1AC spikes. I honestly don't think that the Aff gets to remove ground from the negative. I don't think these arguments are legitimate. Let the neg make claims and then argue against them. I will tell you now, that I WILL NOT vote on them. I see them as a waste of time for you to run and they are highly abusive. I also rarely vote on RVIs. If you plan on trying to run spikes in the 1AC, I am not the judge for you. I will give the Neg a lot of access to simple arguments to knock down your spikes.


I think it is important that you are an ethical and nice person in the debate. It is ok for the round to get heated, but I don't see the need to be rude to your opponent. This will result in a hit to your speaker points.

I don't have a problem with speed, but make sure that you are clearly telling me your tags. Slow down on the tag if you can. Be clear in your transitions. I like next or and to let me know you are moving from the end of a card to another tagline. The same thing applies to your plan text or alt. Slow down for the plan text/alt or repeat it for me.

Aarti Kapoor Paradigm

8 rounds

Not Submitted

Kattie Leito Paradigm

8 rounds

School Affiliation: Plano West Senior High School - Plano, TX (2013-Present)

Competitive Experience: Policy Debate (at a small school in Texas) and very limited Policy Debate at the New School University

Judging Experience: I have been judging at local and national tournaments for ten years. I mostly judge PF, Extemp, and Interp. On rare occasions, I will judge Policy or LD.

I don’t have any overly specific preferences. Just tell me how to evaluate the round. A framework with proper extensions of arguments make it really easy for me to vote. If nobody provides me with those things, I will use a basic cost/benefit framework.

Speed of Delivery – I am comfortable with speed (as typically used in Public Forum). If I can’t understand you, I will tell you during your speech.

Flowing/note-taking – I will flow the round. If you are speaking faster than I can write, you run the risk of me missing something on my flow.

If you have any questions, feel free to ask me before the round!

Sam Loh Paradigm

Sam Loh ( / Updated for The Glenbrooks

August 2016 - June 2018: Plano West Debate

August 2018 - June 2019: Hebron High School assistant PF Coach

June 2019 - Present: Colleyville Heritage assistant PF Coach

So people complained that my old paradigm was too long because it's apparently 15 pages on word and over 5000 words (Don't ask me, I wasn't the one who counted.) For those of you insane enough to read it, I've linked it below



If you do these things you should "consider" striking me: (Ranked roughly in order, 1 = definitely should, 6 = maybe)

#1 - You blatantly ignore debate fundamentals and disregard them as important practices. I've listed a few below

1.0. Misrepresent evidence or cheat in any fashion (obviously?)

1.1. You go for unwarranted truth > tech debate

1.2. You don't weigh or collapse...

#2. Extend author names and not actual warrants

#3. You enjoy going for tricks debates

#4. Going beyond ~2 layers up is the round strategy

#5. Don't want to risk debating progressive

#6. Go for big picture over line by line in the backhalf

o Some of my general views:

Fundamentally, I think my job as a judge in the debate space is as an educator. If I am placed to judge your round, my job is to evaluate what you present to me and give you constructive feedback on what I think you can do better as a debater. While I may not be as prepped on the topic or as good of a debater as you, I make my best effort to understand and know as much of what you present to me I can.

I also think that if I am allowed to make a judgement on what you present to me, reciprocally, you as the debaters have the right to question the decisions that I make. That being said I am ok with you postrounding/3 AR'ing/any other terms that are used. I would even encourage you to if I say something that doesn't make sense. I think the community has the best opportunity to improve as a whole when we have opportunities to learn from each other. I am open to any questions or criticisms that you have of my decision making but just because the round is over, that does not mean you are allowed to make violent or oppressive arguments. If you feel the need to personally attack my decision making by all means feel free but let's stay away from marginalizing and stereotyping general groups of individuals.

*Any violent or oppressive arguments will be an instant loss and a tab report.

However, I want to make a distinction so there's no confusion - I view the role of the ballot as a policy maker. In terms of having a resolution, I must have a compelling reason to change the status quo. My Default framing is util and absent offense in the round I will presume neg.

o What do I look for in round?:

Below I've listed some non-negotiables. You should do these things if you want to win my ballot. Most of these preferences exist because I feel that they ensure both the fairness and education of the activity

1) I am tab/tech>truth/games/offense defense, etc. I evaluate strictly on what is presented in the round. I will inevitably have to choose one argument over the other but I will base that on warrants and analysis presented in the round - not outside information

2) The second rebuttal must respond to at least turns. I do not know how PF got to be this way when the other forms of debate (LD,CX) require every speech to respond to the prior. If the intent of the rebuttal is to respond to opponent offense, you need to cover turns.

3) The summary and final focus must be mirrored/parallel. Any offense you want me to vote off must be in both speeches.

4) Any extension in round must have a warrant. I will always prefer something that is warranted over something not. Cards matter too but a warrant more so for me.

5) Case extensions in summary must include the full argument (uniqueness, link, internal link, impact). With a three minute summary, my expectations are that you make actual fleshed out arguments, not blips. Final just needs warrant impact. I require comparatively less work on completely dropped arguments

6) Defense does not stick. Arguments should be carried throughout backhalf speeches to hold weight.

7) The second final focus may not introduce new arguments and generally from second summary onward, neither team is allowed to introduce new evidence (exception is second summary may use new evidence to respond to new evidence from first summary). At the end of the round, teams should be collapsing down to the arguments that have been made.

o What are my personal views on how debate functions?:

1) Debate is debate not interp. You are evaluated based on the arguments you are capable of making, not based off how good of a presenter you are. Speaks will be given accordingly

2) I think it is unfair for a team to read their own responses to kick an argument that the other team has straight turned. Conceding a double turn or a delink/nonu the opponents have read is fine although that should be done in the speech right after

3) You should be weighing and collapsing down to specific issues in the backhalf of the round. If both teams have offense but neither weighs, I will intervene. This is not a no offense scenario - both teams are generating offense, I just don't know whose is more important. This begs intervention.

My default weighing preferences are strength of link > subsuming mechanisms > comparative weighing

If I get into a scenario where I have a morality/phil type impact v. a consequentialist impact and there is a lack of clarity on the weighing and framing level, I will flip a coin, head is aff.

4) Speed: I haven't judged a lot of what you all probably consider circuit debate. I will clear if I cannot follow. I need a speech doc if you are spreading anything that is not tagged and especially if it is paraphrased

o Progressive Arguments

I am completely fine with these but a few rules/notes

1) Please know/understand what you are reading. Do not read something for the sake of reading it

2) I never did LD/CX. Wander too far into the realms of LD and CX and you'll have to spend more time warranting/explaining the arg and the course of action you want me to take

3) If it is blatantly obvious you are hitting relatively new debaters, extending progressive args will net you a low point win with 25's. Let these people learn how debate functions first before you blast them with all the uplayer stuff

4) Theory/T Defaults: Competing interps, Drop the debater, No RVI, T before Theory

5) Identification Arguments: Do not read one if you do not identify with said group or have a reason for reading it. If you are called out for commodification and cannot defend your position, it's L25. This includes Anti-blackness, Queer, Small school and low income debater positions, you get the idea

o Speaks

My average last year was a mid 28, this year it's a high 27. My biggest factor for speaks is how well you handle arguments in round. Speaks go up for good strategy and argumentation, down for the opposite.

Bonus speaks: NDCA wiki disclosure, having a PF circuit debater wiki, email chaining docs for speeches beyond constructive, cutting cross short when appropriate.

Speaks penalties: Being unorganized, not clearing after clear is called, being rude to opponents (especially minorities)

o Questions: There's a decent chance I missed something while trying to scale down the size my paradigm so if something's missing or unclear feel free to ask

o Update (11/1) just because teams have been asking: Sorry, I don't plan on shaking hands at the end of the round during this time of year especially since there's been pretty cold weather (at least in Texas). Just saves us that awkward exchange at the end of the round

Joshua Long Paradigm

8 rounds

Although PF should be an evidence based debate, it must have a thorough explanation and interpretation of the card. I have competed in Public Forum for 3 years so I am experienced in debate. However, imagine if I were a lay judge.

Renee McDowell Paradigm


I graduated from UTA with a major in Political Science and a minor in economics. I graduated from SMU with an EMBA (Executive Master of Business Administration).


I tend to follow economic arguments pretty well. With that said, if you run it wrong or you don't fully understand it, I'll be able to tell. I won't automatically vote you down though, both sides should agree on how specific arguments like that functions and I'll vote based on the agreed upon function.

Things to Keep in Mind:

- I tend to favor longterm impacts over short-term impacts, so I would suggest doing some weighing on timeframe throughout the round.

- Crossfire is a 3 minute period to ask questions. I heard your constructive speech the first time, I don't need to hear it again. And if you spend 45 seconds just avoiding the question because you don't want to answer, I will doc your speaks

- Don't go crazy on the voters. I don't need 30 reasons why I should vote for you. Just keep it short and weigh both sides

- I haven't been judging long enough to follow spreading. Not to mention, it's PF, you shouldn't be talking fast anyway.

- Weighing is very important. I won't do any work for you, tell me why you won.

Dawn Paciotti Paradigm

8 rounds

Speaking fast does not make you a better debater. I can tolerate a clipped conversational pace. If you are double breathing and blurring words together, I will say clear. If you are in an outround and the other two judges are okay with speed, you may be tempted to go faster. It's certainly your choice, but if I don't understand your arguments, I'm not going to vote on them. I have a higher tolerance for speed in the 1AR. Speeding through cases will just annoy me.

In terms of argumentation, I am open to anything that isn't offensive. If you're trying to make an argument based on debate jargon you will want to explain it to me. Just because you think you sound cool saying something doesn't mean I am going to vote on it. I do not vote off tricks on the flow. Not every dropped argument actually matters. On the flipside, don't ignore arguments. LISTEN to your opponent. Respond to them.

I vote more on the big picture - overall impacts, overall strategy. I want to see you show why your side of the resolution is comparatively better than your opponent's. I do not like overwrought impacts. I am going to buy the impact about a million people that has a high probability of happening and a strong link chain over an existential impact that has a shady link story. If you think your opponent's impact is ridiculous, I probably do, too. Point that out to me so I can vote on yours instead.

Lastly, be respectful of me and of your opponent. If I am cringing by how rude you are in CX, you won't be getting high speaks. If you disregard my preferences on speed, that's another route to lower speaks. I don't vote for bullies. I vote for debaters. If you have questions about how to get better after the round, you can ask me. If you want to re-debate the round, I will not be tolerant. You had a chance to communicate to me, and if you lost, you lost. I am not going to change my mind, and arguing with me will just mean I will be in a bad mood if I ever have to judge you again. I judge often enough you want to be the person I smile when I see.

Robert Perry Paradigm

8 rounds

I tend to view myself as conservative and traditional judge. When judging LD I taught this for twenty years and I tend to focus on intent of resolution and the burdens of each speaker. I don't favor critiques nor do I want the negative to present a counter plan. When judging Policy I do not just pay attention to stock issues, I also think that I occasionally view a round through the eyes of a policy maker. I truly enjoy teams that are organized and can articulate clearly the impacts of evidence and connect the evidence appropriately to their position. If you claim a comparative advantage, then be prepared to support it with evidence that actually links clearly back to a specific piece of evidence your opponent used. I do not mind voting on topicality, however the wording of the resolution is flexible and your analysis of terminology and application within the round can make even a topical case susceptible to a no vote if you neglect to properly articulate why you are significant or substantial with adequate evidence or proof. I prefer to hear arguments proving the disadvantages or why a counter-plan can solves and I don’t think that everything leads to total destruction. I am not overly fond of kritik’s but I will listen and I have voted on them when they are well presented and supported by evidence and understood by both team members. I flow fairly well but, if you use speed you must have clarity of speech. I think the spread is not really necessary if your research and understanding of the resolution is sufficient.

Teju Sitaram Paradigm

Not Submitted

Zubair Sukhyani Paradigm

8 rounds

I'm cool with everything

email chain:

Art Tay Paradigm

8 rounds

Plano West '18 | SMU '22

I debated PF for four years. I did okay. I consider myself a fairly technical judge.

TL;DR: If you want my ballot, give me a clear link story from the resolution all the way to the RFD. I'm lazy so write my RFD for me. I won't be offended if you say "your RFD should be". Impact contextualization is really important for me. Tell me why I should care about what you've just said.


Absent explicit framing I will default to a cost benefit analysis.

If there is no offense I fell comfortable voting for at the end of the round I will presume the first speaking team. This is because I believe that in PF the second speaking team has an inherent advantage because of the way that speeches are structured.

The second rebuttal must frontline turns made in the first. If the first speaking team duh goofs and doesn't extend the turn, I guess you lucked out. The other way out of this hole is cross-applying something you did extend, or weighing.

The second rebuttal should frontline terminal defense. If a piece of terminal defense is unresponded to out of the second rebuttal and the first summary extends it, I will have a high threshold to grant the second summary new answers. Conceding defense will also increase my threshold for risk of offense claims in later speeches.

Unextended turns in the summary can be extended in the final focus as terminal defense.

I don't need complete parallelism, but I won't vote on something that isn't in both the summary and final focus.

Unresponded defensive sticks, although I would advise the second summary to extend defense against arguments extended in the first summary.

I probably won't listen to cross, so if something important happens bring it up in speech.

Extensions must include a warrant and an impact.

I like big picture and narrative stuff because I'm too lazy to go through and evaluate the line by line unless your arguments spark my interest.


I won't vote you down if I think you were unstrategic, but I might lower your speaks.

Collapsing and weighing is a must. The sooner the better.

If you go for too much I will be sad.

I will give high speaker points for good implication, spin, and evidence comparison.

Progressive Arguments

I didn't do CX or LD, but I understand how Plans, CP, DA's, and K's work.

I don't mind voting for these kinds of arguments, but I won't vote on novelty.

I will evaluate them as normal PF arguments, and they should be restructured in such a fashion.

If I think you are just reading down a backfile I won't vote on it (don't be lazy, do your own prep).

If you label DA's as turns I'll be sad, then you'll be sad when you see your speaks.


I love a good theory debate. I think that there are some pretty bad norms in PF and I think theory might help fix them.

Defaults: Theory comes before case (this includes k's), reasonability, no RVI's.

Condo - If you drop an advocacy a turn is still a turn. I will vote on Condo arguments about reading de-link to the case to get out of turns.

Paraphrasing - I think this is a great one, especially because it's PF specific.

Disclosure - ehhh, I'd vote on it if it's debated well.

NIB's - NIB's bad theory is something I am inclined to buy. I think in PF it is truly abuse, especially in the second rebuttal.

I view T very similar to the way I view theory. Don't run a non-topic case if you don't believe in it.


I don't like waiting, so if you take too long to find evidence I'll dock speaks.

If you don't read dates I'll be sad 😞.

I'll call for evidence when:

1) I feel that it is being misrepresented.

2) I am told to call for it or it is heavily contested.

3) Competing evidence on important offense and I am not presented with a way to prefer one piece of evidence over the other.

4) I'm interested 😏

I don’t auto drop debaters on evidence abuse. Small faults, such as minor late speech powertagging, that preserve the integrity of the card can result in no to minor consequences. More severe abuses can lead to me just dropping the argument.

Paraphrasing is ok AS LONG AS you're not misrepresenting evidence


I'm generally nice with speaks 30-28.

I prefer faster debates as long as you signpost well and speak clearly. Slow down on tags and authors.

If I miss something that's on you buddy.

*For Plano West Tournament*

Speaks will be given on the Jerry Scale.

*For LD*

I never did LD, but since you might have me as you're judge here is so information about me.


I have read parts of Wilderson, and some of the Cap stuff, but I have a very basic knowledge of how K debate works. Anything overly technical or based on LD norms will have to be explained to me.

Policy Stuff

People have told me that PF is like the case debate in policy, so I think I should be fine dealing with Policy Affs, DA's, and CP. I understand how stock issues work, but again anything super technical or based on LD norms will have to be explained.


Defaults: Theory comes before case (this includes k's), reasonability, no RVI's.

You will probably have to do a lot of analysis on the theory debate for me to vote on it. I don't really have an idea of what is abusive in LD since I'm unfamiliar with the speech times, and unaware of norms.

I have a better understanding of T debate in LD than theory. T arguments that seem compelling to me are good a case list, and TVA solves.


I am not trained to follow spreading, but I will try my best. I will say clear if you're going to fast. If you are going to spread please email the speech doc to If you're clear on analytics and tags I'm okay if you spread the card so long as you email me the evidence.

Ria Varma Paradigm

8 rounds

Not Submitted

Skyler Walker Paradigm

Background: I attended Athens High School and competed in forensics all four years. I did two years of policy, two years of LD. I also compete in Parli on the collegiate level.

For my general paradigm, I consider myself a tab judge. I'll listen to any arguments that you want to run as long as you're doing the work and telling me why they matter (I shouldn't have to say this but I also expect a level of civility in your arguments, i.e. no racist, sexist, or any other blatantly offensive arguments will be tolerated). I don't think it's my job to tell you that you can or cannot run certain arguments. At the end of the round, I would like you to make the decision for me; meaning you should be telling me how to vote and why. However, if need be I will default to policymaker. Speed is okay with me as long as you aren't sacrificing clarity. If I can't understand you I will stop flowing. Please keep your own time. As for how I feel about certain arguments:

Kritiks: If you want to run a K, I would like it to be done well. That means you should have framework,a roll of the ballot/judge claim, a link, impact, and an alt. I want to know how the way I vote impacts the world or pertains to the argument that you're making. Additionally, if you are running a K, I would prefer that you only have one advocacy. I will listen to multiple worlds arguments but if it becomes ridiculous I will not be afraid to vote on abuse. To win the kritik, I expect well fleshed out arguments that are extended throughout the round.

Theory/Topicality: My threshold for theory is pretty high. With that being said, I look to theory before evaluating the rest of the round. There are a few things that I want if you're going to run and or win on theory. First, I expect you to go all in on it. If you aren't spending all your time in your last speech on theory, that tells me that it's not worth my time voting on it. Second, I want to know where the in-round abuse is. How is what the other team is doing specifically detrimental to your ability to win (hint: don't just say "that's abusive").

Counterplans/Disads: I prefer counterplans to be mutually exclusive and have a net benefit while solving for at least some of the case. In LD if you're going to run one, you're going to have to do a lot of work to prove to me that you can, considering most of the time, there isn't a plan to begin with. Disads should be structured well.

Framework: I look to fw before evaluating the rest of the round, after theory obviously, specifically in LD. It would probably be beneficial to run arguments on both sides of the framework in case I wind up voting against or in favor of the framework you go for.

If you have any specific questions or concerns about my paradigm or the way in which I evaluate the round, don't be afraid to ask before the round starts.

Jason Zhang Paradigm

8 rounds

My paradigm is semi-long. If you don't want to read the entire thing, just read this one

Some things that are very important to me (tl;dr):

1. Quality > quantity (card dump bad unless actually interactive)

2. All arguments must be sufficiently warranted and must be interactive

3. All parts of any offense must be extended to access impacts (uniquess, link, internal link, etc//frontlining =/= implicit warrant extension)

4. Weighing is so important. However, I hate noncomparative weighing (we win on magnitude because 50 mil ppl die). If you do this type of weighing, you might as well just not weigh.

5. Pull up your evidence quickly if you don't want speaks to suffer.

6. Defense = sticky



Tech over truth, but treat me like I'm a lay judge. ***I don't like teams that just card dump on their opponents hoping to win the round on sheer quantity of arguments alone.***(emphasized after Plano West semis 2019)

^this is the most brainless form of debate. You're not a "good debater" if you just spread a blockfile without even thinking about what your arguments mean.

If you collapse on a good argument and warrant it well, I'm much more compelled to vote for you over a team that just spoke quickly.


I prefer line by line rebuttals at the very least. If you choose to go with an unconventional order, then please signpost! If I can't follow you, I'll be very sad.


Second rebuttal doesn't have to respond to defense, but definitely offense - this means turns. I think it's extremely abusive to not respond to a turn that was placed on you in first rebuttal until second summary. If you choose not to respond to turns in your rebuttal, it doesn't mean it's an instant downvote, but your chances of winning the round are slim :((. Defense in first summary sticks unless the other team unstuck it in second rebuttal.


Some kind of framing at some point in the round is definitely preferred because it'll help me decide what to evaluate better. If no explicit framework is agreed upon, I'll default to a cost-benefit analysis. Make sure you're linking whatever offense you go for back into your framework. I don't care if you forget to explicitly extend your framework, but if you don't explicitly link your offense back into your framework, then I'm not doing that work for you.


If no one has a question please just sit down and cut crossfire short. If you end it early, I'll give everyone .5 higher speaks. If something important comes up in crossfire, bring it up in a speech if you want it to have weight.

edit: ur not cool if ur team takes up the entire 3 minutes in crossfire talking. that's just abusive and foolish.


Please weigh your arguments in any way you choose. I'll try not to intervene but I'll be forced to if no one weighs and there's offense on both sides. You also have to weigh your weighing, i.e, tell me why your weighing mechanisms are better than your opponents.


I don't mind calling for evidence after the round if a team tells me to, or if I think you're lying about your evidence. If you can't produce a piece of evidence, then I'll drop the evidence from the round. You argument can still win if you warrant it well without the evidence though.

edit: Please have your evidence ready when your opponents call for it. It's absolutely absurd that anyone has to spend almost 15 cumulative minutes in a round pulling up evidence because "the wifi is spotty". If you aren't cutting your evidence, at least have the decency to download it before tournament. If you spend more than ~5 minutes trying to pull up one piece of evidence, your speaks will suffer considerably.


I prefer a big picture summary and voter final focus. If you choose to go line by line, you better collapse yell I won't vote on anything if it's not in both of these speeches. Parallelism is good! Also, offense isn't *implicitly* flowed over, so it's not enough to just frontline and then restate your impacts. Make sure you're extending internal warrants as well as frontlining if you want full access to impacts.


I can flow pretty well, but don't spread. If you speak at sanic levels I might miss the argument. If I'm just staring at you and not flowing, it probably means you're speaking at sanic levels.


Generally 28-30 unless you say something blatantly racist, sexist, homophobic, etc.

Progressive Debate

I'll evaluate them the same as any other normal argument, but if you go too far into the technicalities, you might lose me.

If you have any questions before the round, feel free to ask me! If you have any questions after the round, feel free to find me! Have fun!

aashna bharwani Paradigm

8 rounds

My judging philosophy is fairly traditional as I don’t judge CX. PF is about evidence and demonstrating why your argument is smarter and better than your opponent’s. It’s all about the final focus for me and how you access the arguments you have been making in the debate. In terms of non-traditional arguments i.e. projects, poems, rap, music etc— I think this is unnecessary but if you do run it make sure you emphasize how it links to and is relevant to the topic.

I don’t care for “T.” Overall, keep the big picture in mind. Spending your time tipping through a “T” violation doesn’t help me as the judge at all.

Being a traditional debater and now judge, I don’t care for Kritiks/Critiques since this I am not judging CX. Obviously, if you run a K, I will examine it but as the debater you need to weigh the arguments out for me.

As for style, I don’t prefer spreading but if you do and are unclear, I will tell you to be more clear.

Keep the round fun, just remember to extend your arguments and make flowing easy for the judge.

zane rashdan Paradigm

8 rounds

My judging philosophy is fairly traditional as I don’t judge CX. PF is about evidence and demonstrating why your argument is smarter and better than your opponent’s. It’s all about the final focus for me and how you access the arguments you have been making in the debate. In terms of non-traditional arguments i.e. projects, poems, rap, music etc— I think this is unnecessary but if you do run it make sure you emphasize how it links to and is relevant to the topic.

I don’t care for “T.” Overall, keep the big picture in mind. Spending your time tipping through a “T” violation doesn’t help me as the judge at all.

Being a traditional debater and now judge, I don’t care for Kritiks/Critiques since this I am not judging CX. Obviously, if you run a K, I will examine it but as the debater you need to weigh the arguments out for me.

As for style, I don’t prefer spreading but if you do and are unclear, I will tell you to be more clear.

Keep the round fun, just remember to extend your arguments and make flowing easy for the judge.