2nd Annual Season Championship
2023 — Online, US
Public Forum Debate Paradigm ListAll Paradigms: Show Hide
pretty bad with extremely high speeds (more than 200ish wpm). Send speech docs if you think they're required, I won't ask for them. Speech docs will hurt your speaks.
tech > truth
prog is fine if you explain it like I’m 5. I probably won’t evaluate friv theory and I don’t even know what tricks are.
Meta weigh too
no new weighing in 2ff
Also preflow before the round
Well warranted arguments > a warrantless card you throw at me (Johnson '23 says Russia will invade the US tomorrow because why not)
"don’t snowball fight with cards” -Ashutosh Komali
Hey everyone, if you're reading this chances are I'm probably judging you so here some things I generally value in rounds. This will mostly apply to WSD as it was my event of choice for 4 years.
Things that make my job hard:
- Debating on margins (restrictive definitions, abusive framing)
- Not being comparative and charitable to your opponents
If this happens, I need reasons as to why I should prefer one interpretation over the other. If the debate comes down to two ships sailing in the night I can't resolve it without intervening.
Things that make my job easy:
- Clearly identifying the clashing material of the debate and weighing between and within those clashes.
- Weighing the framing of arguments and clash on a meta-level (things independent of layered rebuttal e.g. the role of the argument, why I should prefer a specific type of argument as opposed to another)
- Weigh the mechs/warrants behind the argument - tell me why your reasons matter more/are better than your opposition esp. in the case where there are shared impacts which happens more often than not simply due to the nature of WSD.
- Weigh impacts if they are differentiated.
- Be strategic. Don't carry down an unwarranted framing debate to the third speeches especially when there are far better ways to allocate time in terms of forwarding arguments, making good weighing, even-if statements, or just biting the bullet and engaging. More times than not if the framing is that ridiculous, I'll buy the ref coming from O1, it doesn't matter if your opponent sticks to a bad framework if I not leaning towards it anyway. Don't overcompensate! Good judge direction and being explicit from the onset will be more than enough to sway me in favor of your side.
A combination of the aforementioned stuff is the best way to get a decision you agree with from me. A lack of these things will result in a level of intervention that you probably won't like.
I'm not super authoritarian when it comes to style. If I can flow it and you signpost you'll do fine. I think the most refined speeches are a combination of content, strategy, and style, but I’d pivot more towards content and strategy rather than semantics and rhetoric.
True Principle Arguments are fun to see in action but they need to be properly extended and weighed against the practical otherwise I’ll just have a spot on the flow of a principle that was well established but poorly leveraged against other arguments. p.s. not enough to just say the principle matters more, there's need to be analysis i.e. if you're running a reparations argument examples of weighing line(s) could be:
- Practical benefits that place X group of people secondary are immoral because of the unique historical injustice committed against them (urgency)
- We ought to fulfill this principle because of this specific condensed harm that has affected a population for decades vs a marginal harm that affects people temporarily (intensity of harm)
all and all, trust yourself, debate well, and have fun
if you have questions you can reach me at email@example.com
First of all, I’m still a senior in highschool, so obviously if you’re seeing this then you’re probably either a novice, I forgot to update my paradigm, or this is an EIF tournament. That being said, obviously I have different requests for each event.
for LD: please don’t spread, I consider it abusive especially on the traditional circuit (if you are EIF this doesn’t apply). I prefer philosophy heavy arguments rather than card vs card debate. This isn’t policy so please don’t make it one person policy debate all due respect. Please don’t give me off time roadmaps unless it is specific, I would rather just flow what I hear than being prepared to do something that is inevitably going to be changed because let’s be real this is novice LD and it’s hard out here guys. Please don’t call me judge repetitively, I understand a “judge my opponent…” but don’t constantly ask if I’m ready by asking judge just say “is everyone ready”, I’m picky and it’s okay if you do this it’s all just preference, obviously that won’t skew my judgement. If you provide your opponent a copy of your case because you do plan to spread then I also will need a copy.
for pf: pretty much the same as ld but I’m a bit more lenient with the ruling about cards and stuff obviously. Please don’t yell over eachother, it’s rude and immature, you can cut each other off if you deem it necessary but no need to yell.
policy: honestly the likelihood of my judging policy is low until I graduate but if I do judge you for policy I would just ask that you please be respectful of both me and your opponents time and don’t run a joke argument because you got dared to by your team member who’s older than you.
Generally just be respectful of my time and you opponents time and feelings good luck!!!!
hi im emilio
clear springs '25 (junior)
i got a couple bid rounds and speaker awards in circuit ld
I CAN HANDLE 8/10 SPEED IF CLEAR - if u know u arent clear 4/10 i wont eval something i cant hear (most tricks lolz)
1 - Performance, K (identity/cap/psycho), Larp, TFW
2 - Theory, Dense Ks, K Trixs
3 - Friv Theory, Doc Bot Dense Ks
4 - Phil
5/Strike - Trixs, Phil relying on trixs
1) K aff/neg - Love and can understand most if not all identity ks - links should prob be contextual but links of omission r fine - not voting on social death for groups you don't belong 2/will give low speaks - prob smart to have case vs policy affs but kritikal disad are fine 2
Favs - Setcol, Afropess, Afro/Chicana/Indigenous Futurism, Chicana/Black Fem, Good Cap/psycho debates vs k affs
1) Performance - love love loveee - 6 mins of poetry/spoken word to dancing to sleeping idc just explain!!! - pls do something tho - actually defend your performance or else why do it in the first place? - counter methods cool too will give rly good speaks for good method v method debates - aff prob gets a perm in method v method but can be told otherwise
1) Larp - og - fine for larp it is chill lolz but prob like k v larp better - no im not a k hack i will be fine voting on extinction o/w etc just debate it out :p
1) TFW - every aff round i have been i've hit some version of T - not hacking against T i think the less connected to the topic the aff is the more i buy impacts on t - carded tvas r goated - pls no dense paradigm issues or hidden theory trixs ill miss them and wont eval lolz - advocacy skills prob best standard
2) Theory - Regular theory is fine - 1AC theory is cool 2 - just weigh esp between shells
i determine friv theory as things like 1ar restart w three shells or dumb shells in general - will vote on it but will reck speaks lol - the more shells the less burden the neg has to respond
4) Phil - prob only know like kant but not rly - i dont think u want me in the back of the room w phil debates - only good for k v phil debates - explain to me like im 5
5) Trixs - boring tired overdone - ice spikes were funny (emphasis on WERE) - if u rly want to run them better be at the top of the doc and defined....... will reck speaks but will vote on it - trixs dealing with pop culture that r new wont get their speaks recked
Yap ab speaks
I tend to give 28.5 and go up or down - i tend to give higher speaks to gender minorities/black and brown debaters bc i think speaks screw us over sometimes - but ive given the straightest whitest cis men rly high speaks too - i just tend to overcompensate lol - will deck speaks and downvote if u annoy me or r weirdddddd (racist/any phobic etc)
I'm currently the G in Saratoga GJ and I've been doing PF for the past 6 years, but I only started debating on the national circuit 3 years ago. I've been to TOC and I love rounds that are highly technical and fast with good clash and in depth analysis.
For evidence exchange: add firstname.lastname@example.org to the chain. If you plan on reading any new evidence in a speech I expect it to be sent in a doc before the speech on the email chain.
Debate is a game and you should play to win, but remember it's just a game.
tech>truth. Run whatever you want, if you're racist, sexist (any type of -ist) I won't hesitate to drop you with the lowest speaks possible. I'll look to the weighing first when voting. I need warrants for everything, and the better the warrant, the better the argument. I have a pretty high threshold for extensions i.e. I need uniqueness, link, internal link, and impact extensions in the backhalf. No, I don't care about author names, but I do care about what your author says.
If anything in my paradigm is confusing: feel free to ask me before round, email me, or reach out to me on Facebook messenger. If you are still confused after reading this paradigm, I view the round pretty similarly to: Leonardo Jia, Aarush Kaboo, Ananth Menon, & Sully Mrkva.
Pls pls look at this it'll be the easiest round of ur life if you can follow the steps below(yes, this is straight from Ananth's paradigm)
How I evaluate:
-I look to who's winning the weighing debate
-If team x is winning the weighing I look to their case first
-if team x winning their case, the round is over
-if team x is losing case, I look at team y case
-if team y is winning case the round is over
-if team y is also losing case I presume neg
Signpost to let me know where you on the flow, otherwise you risk me not being able to understand your speech. Speed is totally fine as long as it's coherent, but remember I'm flowing off your speech, not the doc. I'll only look at evidence if you explicitly tell me to or if it seems that the entirety of the round is staked on a single card.
Don't be rude please. I'm totally fine with flex prep and open cross, but tbh I don't really listen to cross. My favorite crosses are the ones which lighten up the mood and I'll def give you a speaks boost if that's the case. If both teams are ok with this, I'm willing to skip grand cross for a minute of prep time for both teams.
I like rebuttals that generate offense, but that said, every turn you read needs to be weighed (even better if the turn has uq too) otherwise I am more likely to treat the turn as terminal defense than offense. I think weighing yourself out of turns is a pretty neat strategy too. Second Rebuttal should frontline all offense and weighing - otherwise it’s conceded. Offense YOU are going for in the back half must also be frontlined. I have no personal preference as to whether you should collapse or go for all of case in rebuttal, but whatever you do make sure you do it well.
Summary + Final Focus:
Your frontlines need to actually interact with the response, you can't just hand wave and tell me that their response isn't true, tell me why. Everything in final needs to be in summary.
I absolutely love good weighing. To read good weighing, make sure it's comparative(so you need to read actual warrants as to why I should prefer your mechanism). If you read a link-in I expect it to be weighed against their link too. If there are competing mechanisms in the round PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE metaweigh otherwise I am forced to intervene and here's how I will intervene if no one does any metaweighing: Magnitude>Probability>Timeframe>Any Other Mechanism. I'm not sure I even comprehend how strength of link functions, but if there is a conceded piece of offense I do think strength of link weighing is fair game (strength of link metaweighing would be even cooler).
I typically never read theory, but I do know how to evaluate, so if that's your strat feel free to go for it. I default to no RVIs and competing interps, and I generally prefer that your shell isn't frivolous. The more frivolous the shell, the lower my threshold for responses and the more sympathetic I'll be to reasonability claims.
I honestly would not trust myself to evaluate these debates especially if it's a performance kritik, so if you do read one please dumb it down for me. I'll do my best to evaluate, and if you explain it well enough we should be fine.
I've been judging Congressional Debate at the TOC since 2011. I'm looking for no rehash & building upon the argumentation. I want to hear you demonstrate true comparative understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of the plan presented by the legislation. Don't simply praise or criticize the status quo as if the legislation before you doesn't exist.
Each LDer should have a value/value criterion that clarifies how their case should be interpreted.
I prefer to evaluate a round by selecting whose V/VC weighs most heavily under their case. Winning this is not in itself a reason for you to win. Tell me what arguments you're winning at the contention level, how they link, and how much they weigh in comparison to other arguments (yours and your opponent's) in the round.
Voting down the flow, if both sides prove framework and there’s not a lot of clash I would move on to the contention level and judge off the flow.
Don't. I can't deal with speed.
Paraphrasing is a horrible practice that I discourage. Additionally, I want to hear evidence dates (year of publication at a minimum) and sources (with author's credential if possible) cited in all evidence.
I believe it is the second team's duty to address both sides of the flow in the second team's rebuttal. A second team that neglects to both attack the opposing case and rebuild against the prior rebuttal will have a very difficult time winning my ballot as whichever arguments go unaddressed are essentially conceded.
The summaries should be treated as such - summarize the major arguments in the debate. I expect debaters to start to narrow the focus of the round at this point.
FOCUS is key. I would prefer 2 big arguments over 10 blippy ones that span the length of the flow. If you intend to make an argument in the FF, it should have been well explained, supported with analysis and/or evidence, and extended from its origin point in the debate all the way through the FF.
INTERP overall: I pay real close attention to the introduction of each piece, I look for the lens of analysis and the central thesis that will be advanced during the interpretation of literature. When the performance is happening, I'm checking to see if they have dug down deep enough into an understanding of their literature through that intro and have given me a way to contextualize the events that are happening during the performance
POI: I look for clean transitions and characterization (if doing multiple voices).
DI: I look for the small human elements that come from acting. Big and loud gestures are not always the way to convey the point, sometimes something smaller gets the point more powerfully.
HI: I look for clean character transitions, distinct voices, and strong energy in the movements. And of course the humor.
INFO: I'm looking for a well researched speech that has a strong message to deliver. Regardless of the genre of info you're presenting, I think that showing you've been exhaustive with your understanding is a good way to win my ballot. I'm not wow'd by flashy visuals that add little substance, and I'm put off by speeches that misrepresent intellectual concepts, even unintentionally. I like speeches that have a conclusion, and if the end of your speech is "and we still don't know" then I think you might want to reassess the overall direction you are taking.
FX/DX: When I'm evaluating an extemp speech, I'm continually thinking "did they answer the question? or did they answer something that sounded similar?" So keep that in your mind. Are you directly answering the question? When you present information that could be removed without affecting the overall quality of the speech, that is a sign that there wasn't enough research done by the speaker. What I vote on in terms of content are speeches that show a depth of understanding of the topic by evaluating the wider implications that a topic has for the area/region/politics/etc.
Don't be a bigot. This includes misgendering competitors. You will lose the ballot.
I generally give relatively high speaks due to the subjective nature of speaker points and the issues therein.
Remember to time yourselves and your opponents.
At invitationals, add me to the email chain using email@example.com .
In all forms of debate, I value logical argumentation and strong analytics supported by credible evidence. Speed, if clear, is fine, as long as it remains at a level that works for all debaters in the round. Out-spreading an opponent kills education.
Policy (and Policy-Style Parli)
I am open to theory arguments and will rarely vote on T , but you need to explain them clearly and thoroughly in the round. I studied critical theory as applied to literature in both undergraduate and graduate school, so I have a strong background in feminist, Marxist, deconstructionist, queer, and psychoanalytic theory. I enjoy a well-executed K, but only run kritiks you know well -- not something you grabbed off the wiki/open ev.
I strive to evaluate the round using the framework agreed upon by the debaters and do not have a particular preference regarding stock issues, policy maker, etc.
Support and bring everything back to your V/VC -- even if you're running a plan (for non-CA LD). Evidence certainly matters but evidence without analytics will do very little for you.
I'll accept theory arguments when necessary to address in-round abuse, but please proceed with caution. I still value Public Forum as a form of debate that can be understood by lay judges, so please don't spread or run a K, and keep the jargon to a minimum.
In extemp, I want to see your introduction connect clearly with the topic and the rest of the speech (bring it back briefly at the end). Please clearly sign-post your main points and cite your evidence (ideally with more than just "According to the New York Times this year..."). Don't be afraid to use humor -- even if it's a little dark. Most of all, be authentic, engaging, and keep things flowing.
I will give time signals in extemp and impromptu.
In original oratory, original advocacy, & informative speaking, I look for well-crafted speeches delivered with fluency and appropriately varied tones.
If you're competing in an interp event, your intro should make me care about the topic at hand and should, of course, be your original words. Also, if you're competing in oratorical interpretation and the original speech includes cursing, please say the actual words or select a different speech (e.g., AOC's 2020 address to Rep. Yoho in which she quotes his profanity).
Saratoga '25 | PF | firstname.lastname@example.org
Background: I am currently a junior at Saratoga doing PF (my partner is Ashish Goswami). Very recently, I octafinaled TOC, semifinaled Berkeley, and won TOC Digital Debate Series 2.
To win my ballot:
1. If you are winning the weighing, you must win whatever offense is weighed. This offense must be extended in both summary and final focus and frontlined adequately (this means no terminal defense).
2. If you are not winning the weighing, you must win offense (extended in both summary and final focus and frontlined extremely well-this means not a speck of conceded defense, whether or not its terminal) along with terminal defense on your opponents' case.
3. If nobody is clearly winning, I am forced to intervene and decide who has more offense. In the unlikely scenario that neither teams have better offense, I presume based off of a coin toss or whatever presumption warrants are read.
Non-substance: I am a substance debater, but I am fine with non-substance (run at your own discretion). Please only run non-subtance arguments in Varsity/Open.
Speed: I am fine with anything <=250 wpm. Anything faster is your own risk. I don't flow off docs, they are only for evidence sharing.
Timing: I give 5 second leeways after every speech. Anything after is off the flow. I don't time prep.
Everything non-PF: Treat me as a guy who flows. Don't do anything fancy.
**borrowed paradigm from Skylar Wang with many changes**
Hi! I'm Emilian. I am a 2nd year high school PF debater. As a judge, I am on the more tech/flow side. Please put email@example.com on the email chain (if there is one), and don't hesitate to reach out.
Speak at a normal speed, I can take moderate spreading but not too fast please. Your speaker points and the entire round are on the line since if I can't hear what you're saying I can't flow or understand the clash meaning all your arguments go out the window.
Extend your arguments through the round. This may arguably be the most important thing written here. I will be flowing; I can tell.
WEIGH. ALL speeches after 2nd rebuttal must 100% have weighing or I'm defaulting to the other side.
Comparatives are very important: tell me why to prefer your reasoning over your opponents (eg. maybe because it's empirically proven, maybe because you have the best evidence on the question), most close rounds are resolved this way. This can be evidence comparison too (eg. our ev is more holistic source, takes into account xyz factors). Please do this if you have conflicting evidence on a question, otherwise I have to sift through the email chain myself afterward to resolve this and I don't want to do that and you don't want me to do that either.
Impact calc is key, but make sure it's comparative and warranted.
Make sure everything is well warranted and developed THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE ROUND. If your arguments are blippy or have no explanation whatsoever I will discount them entirely.
- Read names of authors and dates when you bring up evidence for the first time. Always. I won't accept the evidence otherwise.
- Send evidence or I discount it immediately; you should have all your evidence ready.
- If I see blatantly misconstrued evidence I don't care if it's interventionist but I'm discounting it and docking speaks.
- Don't hesitate to call for evidence!
- When you're sending it in the email chain, send cut cards, not just a link. Borrowing from Ale Perri: "Cut cards. Paraphrasing is becoming an easy vehicle for total misrepresentation of evidence. So I would strongly advise reading cut cards in front of me. The NSDA requires that you are now paraphrasing from a cut card or paragraph, meaning that if you are paraphrasing an entire pdf or article, I will evaluate the flow without that argument and your speaks will get tanked. I still strongly believe that even paraphrasing from cut cards is unacceptable because of the time skew that it enables against a team that is cutting and reading cards (i.e you are able to read 3 "cards" for every actual card they can read), but I will not drop you or the evidence for this if the paraphrase is legitimate."
I'm down to hear literally any arguments, prog is fine (ks, theory, etc is fine; no tricks. no guarantees it will be a great decision since I'm not a theory or K debater and haven't debated against them much but I am pretty good on the conceptual understanding of these arguments so don't be *too* afraid).
Back half specifics:
Strategy in summary/ff need to be similar, I won't vote off of a small claim made in summary and blown up in final focus
avg is 28
Will drop you and your speaks for exclusionary language or behavior
Feel free to ask any questions before and after round! Best reachable by email.
uil circuit policy debater
Hi! My name is Somya Mehrotra and I participated in public forum, Lincoln Douglas, and Congress debate during my time in High School. I competed in the Houston circuit, and made it to TFA State as well as NSDA nationals in 2022. When judging, I prefer that you send me your main speeches and add me to any evidence chains at: firstname.lastname@example.org
No matter what form of debate, here are some general rules of respect I expect all participants to follow:
1) No using racially offensive words, slurs, hate language towards any community. Any use of these will result in an automatic L25 and a win for the opposing team. Debate is supposed to be a professional conversation, not a space for hate.
2) A trigger warning must be given for topics concerning SA, abuse, etc. If the opposing team is not okay with these topics, you are expected to have a backup argument that you can use in its place.
3) No yelling, interrupting, cursing, or name calling during cross. I will dock speaker points for inappropriate behavior or language.
All in all, be polite and respectful.
Lincoln Douglas Preferences:
I prefer for little to no spreading. If you are planning on any amount of spreading, I expect you to discuss that with your opponent, and send me the speech doc you are using. I do not particularly like super technical debate with shells, etc. I am a flow judge, but I prefer constructives with values that are followed by actual arguments. If your opponent drops something and you point it out, I will stop flowing responses to that point, but you have to bring it up. Cross will be evaluated for speaks, not particularly for content (not flowed).
I did PF for a while so I'm fairly familiar with it. I prefer traditional PF debates, with cases that are fairly evidence based. I'm not a fan of evidence dumping - you have to explain how the evidence is relevant, use logic, etc. Make sure to extend all evidence throughout the round. Once dropped in rebuttal, I will not accept responses on an argument. Cross will be evaluated for speaks, not particularly for content (not flowed). Summary and Final Focus should mirror each other. Keep speeches organized for better speaks, and make sure to specify what responses are for what arguments/contentions. Weighing is super important, and I expect to see it done well.
Participation is very important in Congress, the more you speak, the more familiar I will become with you and the more likely I am to give better speaks. Don't dump evidence. Speak at a moderate pace - there should be no spreading. Quality of arguments is important. PO's don't automatically advance - I need to see good organization. Try and bring up unique arguments -- if something has already been said I prefer not to hear it again.
I am pretty flow. Feel free to ask more questions in round. For online tournaments, cameras should be on for all parties. Inform me ahead of time if you are having network issues, etc.
=============================READ BELOW IF IN PF(Congress in under PF paradigm)================
I am a "flay" judge when it comes to PF debate. I am aware of all debate terminologies and jargon. I prefer lay speed for speaking, but if anyone wants to spread or go quick, just add me to the email chain of your speech docs.
If you're in Novice/JV
I'm a pretty standard flow or "flay" judge. Here's what you should do in each speech
constructive: read it; emphasize key points, clarity is key here; no super spreading
first rebuttal: refute the opponent's case thoroughly, brownie points for rhetoric
second rebuttal: refute opponent's rebuttal(aka frontlining) + refute their true case
summaries: explain the arguments that I should vote on in the round, explain why you win them, and weigh impacts. don't try to recap all of your arguments here — pick your strongest one and go for that(collapsing)
final focus: summary but 2 minutes
if thou dost not signpost, on the ballot i will probably roast. please tell me which argument you're on when you start talking about it. it makes my job so much easier.
please ask me any questions you have about debate!
general stuff you should probably read if you're competing in varsity
- set up an email chain before the round and add email@example.com
- concessions during crossfire are binding in the round so long as it's brought up by the other team in a speech.
- i evaluate the round in the following order: all weighing>link-level debate>evidence/warrant debate
- weighing is important but not if done wrong. nuke war magnitude weighing doesn't matter if there are 20 pieces of terminal defense telling me why it never happens. go for weighing when it makes sense, not just because your coach told you to.
- any speed is fine so long as you're not incoherent. if i need a doc to understand your speech, i will not vote for you. Here speak like I am a lay judge.
- postround me, it makes me a better judge.
- if you want me to vote on an argument it needs a proper extension: recap the UQ, link chain, and impact.
evidence ethics are atrocious here. to encourage you to be better:
+0.5 speaks if both sides set up an email chain before the round and use it to call for cards
+0.5 speaks if both sides send each other (and me) all case evidence after reading constructive
- if you've ever debated on nats circuit, i much prefer that style of debate.
- make me audibly laugh = 29.5(or higher if you debate well)
- making opponent laugh = 30
- disrespectful behavior = 25.
- bigoted/exclusionary behavior = as low as I can go + L.
- long, not well answers in cross will drop your speaks significantly. concision = productive crossfires.
Overall, I am looking for a respectful, competitive, and lowkey chill round.
Hi congressmen and congresswoman(debaters),
I rank each bill separately and then rank speakers based on cumulative rankings on each bill. If the chamber does 3 bills with base 2, I will find some equitable way to rank the round. I like breaking Congress down into 3 categories that I rank based on: round integration, content, and delivery in that order.
Some notes on how to score well for round integration:
- REFUTE-- Refute the best argument on the other side. There are 2 parts to refs: name-dropping and disproving/outweighing their argument -- if 1 of those doesn't happen, it doesn't count in my eyes. Without refs outside of the sponsor, you won't get more than a 4 (likely a 3) for speech score.
- EXTEND-- Meet burdens that haven't been met (no, not your lazy quantification), give terminalization of an impact or proving that you have a better solvency.
- WEIGHING-- Weigh the AFF and NEG worlds, not individual arguments. I order weighing as follows :
Pre-Requisite > Scope/Magnitude > Time frame > Probability
Some notes on content:
- ARGUMENTS-- Provide good arguments. If you have a unique argument that shifts the round, go for it. If you have round-winning framing, give it to me. I'm open to anything.
- EVIDENCE-- Give strong quantifications wherever possible.Month and year minimum (last 5 years). Author credentials appreciated but not required.
- PRINCIPLE-- These have a place, but are rarely used correctly. If you know how to run a principled argument in World Schools, go ahead, you'll do well. Otherwise, chances are it'll hurt you.
Some notes on delivery:
- INTROS-- A good introduction goes a long way, especially jokes and funny intros if done well. If you use an intro that's been used before (especially if by another debater),
- PADS-- The less you look at your pad, the better. If you wanna pull a power move and go no pad, I'll pick you up for sure, just make sure it doesn't come at the expense of strong refutations. I don't like iPads, but probably won't drop you if you use one. Legal pads are preferred.
- I LOVE RHETORIC, USE IT!
Update for Winter Cup 12/16/2023:The point is for novices or beginners to learn -- I don't want to hear theory or 400 wpm spreading
Hello! I'm vedant (vuh-dahnt). I've debated on the natcirc for 3 years, quartered STOC, made it to top outs a few times and broke at some nat circs. I will flow and evaluate whatever.
My goal as the judge is to adjudicate (obvious) and (arguably more importantly) make the round a safe, inclusive space. If you're not sure what anything on my paradigm is or wanna ask about anything else, feel free to email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
TL; DR in bold
Alr, time for the juicy stuff:
- tech> truth, "tabula rasa", whatever you need. Make rounds fun, debate is a game. So, have fun with it.
- Feel free to post round. I think it's crucial to get feedback in the middle of a tournament. Please just don't be too aggressive with it (I will NOT change my ballot/decision).
- Cool with (and lowk pref) open crosses
- Take unlimited prep if ur asking for evi (while the opps send it*). Like in the TOC guidelines, I believe that it incentivizes teams to be quick with ev exchanges. PLEASE BE QUICK with evidence. If you take too long, I'm hard docking speaks and getting frustrated, making me less likely to vote for you.
- If its a panel with lays, I'll adapt to them unless you ask me not to. I feel like everyone should be accommodated. It shouldn't be a problem for you to go lay.
- If you think something's missing from my paradigm, please feel free to ask me at the same email.
- Also, please put me on the email chain. email@example.com
- speed is good but send a speech doc before and make any accommodations your opponents ask for (including not going fast). if your spreading is bad i'll be sad and so will your speaks (wompity womp) formatting accommodations like rehighlighting cards, bolding, or making text bigger should also be met
- My favorite debaters/influences are Jason Luo, Ishan Dubey, Ryan Jiang, Jack Johnson, Sully Mrkva, and Ashwath Nayagudarai.
- Also i will be timing almost everything. I'll put my hands up past 5 seconds and stop flowing. Otherwise i'll dock speaks a little
- i'm pretty facially expressive -- I'll smile or laugh if what u say is funny or stupid -- or if ur corny. I'll also look confused if I'm confused or look exasperated if i'm exasperated, etc.
- Bro pls stop being corny "i'm going to begin on my case, defending allegations, and then flat out explaining why our evidence is credible" or "we still stand strong and have proven MULTIPLE TIMES" like idgaf pls enjoy ur life and find religion
- I like hypertech rounds with evidence and spreading, but that doesn't mean you should have a lack of warranting. Please warrant no matter what (including extensions of case and responses!)
- FOR SPREADING: I can go 300 to 350ish wpm. After that, u risk losing me on the flow. (would also be down to hear spreading theory)
- Second rebuttal needs to frontline all offense and most defense. I feel like its hella unfair to 1st summary if you don't. They could point out that defense was conceded, then 2nd summ comes with some new frontlines. Don't necessarily frontline defense if you don't plan on going for it.
- First summary can extend how they want to. I've voted for debaters that straight up just went for turns, or just went for their case and a few pieces of defense. Bottom line, go for SOME offense in the back half.
- In terms of the entire round, weigh. ESPECIALLY IN THE BACK HALF, the best way to my ballot is to extend case, weigh comparatively, and extend the most terminal stuff on your opponents case. Lowk, if you can just explain to me why I should prioritize your offense over your opponents', it'll probably suffice as weighing. Just be sure to do a comparative.
- Terminalize your impacts. 'Cybercrime increasing' doesn't matter to me. $10 trillion + GDP losses -> poverty as a result of cybercrime does tho
- Make a really good comparative and meta-weigh. I LOVE META-WEIGHING. I rly wish more teams used it.
- i do think evidence is important but i need warrants with claims. in the complete absence of warrants in evi, good analytical warrants > unwarranted cards. pls extend nicely, warrant, implicate, and weigh <3 evidence misconstruction is bad and if you do it you may have to lose :(
- At the end of the day, I approach my flow and look to see who had the best comparative, then the cleanliness of the flow, and then the best defense/offense on the opps' case. To quote Katheryne Dwyer, " i think the best debaters are ones that build a narrative and still engage well on the tech (which is my way of saying poor spreading, short extensions, and a bunch of underwarranted blippy frontlines are not the way to my heart nor my ballot). my favorite debates are pretty quick techy substance rounds that still have lots of warranting and very clear ballot directive language in the backhalf." Watch Edina JS vs Strake Jesuit DY Emory Quarters on YT for a pretty good example (minus the deont stuff in the 1NR).
Carded weighing is GASSSS.
- I like framework debates. Feel free to read new frameworks in every speech minus summaries and final foci. If it's conceded, then u don't have to ext everything. I.e. if someone concedes a 30-45 second structural violence framework, only spend like 10-15 seconds on it in final focus.
This one's important.
I'll call for evidence that I think is important or if I am told to call for it. If you have terrible evidence ethics, I'll call you out, drop the evidence from the flow, and prob take speaks off depending on how bad the evidence is.
If you don't give the warrant in the round, I don't care how good the evidence is.
You don't need evidence for everything. The "arguments start with research and evidence" coach/judge mentality strangles creativity and free thought. If you have a logical claim, back it up with logic. Be careful with what you may think is "logical," you might not see the hole in your chain, and that's part of what we are debating for. If something requires evidence (pointing out quantifiable changes for example), then evidence is needed. If one side has evidence and the other has bad logic, then the evidence will be weighed heavily. But the evidence element is often just a constraint put on debaters by big school judges with freshman prep squads that can pump out a billion cards in a day as a way of maintaining an edge. Evidence is very nice, and research is important (I was a research first debater), but don't let it be the cage of your mind.
warranted empirics > warranted evidence > warranted analytic > unwarranted empirics/evi > unwarranted blips. blips are sad.
In general, I'm mostly okay with evaluating prog.
Theory:I dont like theory but i ran it a little. I also hit frivolous and stock shells. I have a decent amount of experience and can probably keep up with most shells. Just ask me before your speech if I think I can judge it to make sure. I'm open to hearing both stock shells such as paraphrase and disclo, as well as frivolous shells. Just make sure the shell isn't toooo frivolous i.e. formal clothing bad theory. In terms of winning on theory, you gotta have RVIs to hv offense on the shell. Make sure you signpost a counter interp and really anything. I will default to competing interps. You don't have to use jargon when responding to theory --> j make sure the general stuff is there i.e. disclo bad for XYZ, para good for XYZ.
- Defaults: yes OCIs, no RVIs (low threshold for responses tho), CI > reasonability (minus friv theory), and the whole shebang.
- Don't disclo and paraphrase iyw -->I might not give good speaks but I'm def not hacking --> so many judges basically hack on this and thats sad (esp bc small schools genuinely don't know what stuff is)
- Reactionary theory can be read in any non final focus speech based on the circumstance i.e. someone mispronouned you like 9 times in 1st summary, u read pronoun theory in 2nd summ is okay. Or, read paraphrase theory directly after the speech someone used the paraphrased evi in like in 1st summ.
- IVIs are kinda stupid but I understand the genuine ones -- someone dropped some bs card, paraphrased but its too late, etc. As long as its not the blippiest 15s IVI idrc
Kritiks:I haven't hit too many K's, so be slightly wary with them. I will do my best to judge them, however. I would love to judge a round with good substantive K's that have understandable warrants. I prefer substansive K's, but will also judge non-T K's. Be prepared tho, I will 100% vote on T ( I won't hack but I will prefer a conceded T shell over a non-T K. Make sure to hv a CI to T if you run non-T K's).
Tricks:I used to not like these/understand them. Run them tbh. I think the funnier the better. Just don't read four straight minutes (u risk a lot) but maybe sprinkle some in w/ a security K or something. J make sure that the extensions and tricks themselves are WARRANTED.
Before you do any prog make sure you understand it -- I mean that --> theres literally been no round I know of that doesn't have messiness involved in prog.
Backfiles DONT save you either, they're usually the problem source.
Usually k affs need to change the squo to be convincing (unless its an Adv T aff!) something to change the squo in the world in debate
tell me if ur kicking out of something i.e. if i should judge kick the cp
do anything u want same stuff applies from the pf stuff j know im a standard tech judge
Going for good speaks is cool. Here are some good things you can do outside of substance that will probably boost your speaks massively.
- Good basketball joke/analogy. I was surprised to see Alec Boulton with a pretty similar speaks chart. If you talk about glorious king LeBron or Lakers, auto 30. (russ jokes don't count anymore :(. )
- If you read 4 mins of impact turns or 4 min of j turns in 2nd constructive auto 29.5 (30 if u read an impact turn I haven't heard of yet)
- If you turn in your chair or standing up when ur reading a turn
- If you make a good cricket joke/analogy. Call me Indian as hell (true tbh) but I rly like cricket. My fav players are my other glorious king Kohli, LeSuryaKumar Yadav, Sachin Tendulkar, and Chris Gayle.
- Hip-Hop references. My fav artists are Gambino, Outkast, Travis Scott, Biggie, (the man who made Graduation), Tyler, the Weeknd, and so many more. auto 30 for a good ref.
- Making jokes in cross (auto 28.5). 27 if they're corny tho.
- Be nice/ don't be not nice. Be competitive, just not rude/condescending. Even if you're hitting the worst arg in the history of args, don't act like your opponent is dumb or something. It's not too hard.
- Don't steal prep(minus the ev exchanges thing).
- If you read evi, HAVE IT CUT or suffer low speaks, ur opponents having 5 mins of free prep, and a probable L (i wont hack but i'll be in a bad mood)
otherwise, I default to 28 and add/subtract based on how you did. If you followed my paradigm and did a good, warranted, clashful, fun debate -- expect a high 29.something. Otherwise, if it was mid and normal, expect a 28.5. I usually don't dock speaks unless evi. For instance, if you take 5 mins to send, i'll cut you down to 27.
- Responding to prog or squirrely args with the"we're small schools and don't know" I j wont flow it. if ur in varsity -- prepare for varsity arguments. Anything is game. Be ready for K's, Tricks, theory, funky ass arguments, and literally anything. obviously if ur a novice or JV then its different lol.
i won't evaluate any arg that is exclusionary. bigotry = L + as few speaks as i can give you + contact ur coaches + tab gets involved. I'm dead serious when I say it's not hard to be exclusionary and anything otherwise will get me mad as hell. My first duty is to make the round safe y'all -- its not hard.
Content warnings: yes they're important (I should be fine evaluating anything for now) but most often people use them too much. I don't think poverty, death, or anything like that needs one. If it's graphic descriptions or is abt things related to abuse, SA, trafficking, or something sensitive and personal -- yes do one. Read TW theory if u need but if there was a genuine abuse I'm stopping the round and dropping you.
Unless the tournament says otherwise, I will disclose and give my RFD (may even do disclo if the tourney doesn't allow me -- its stupid to not know if you won or lost ((unless its a round robin!)))
- "time starts on my 1st word" not that annoying but still
- "can I take one min of prep" --> j take some and take however much u want idc
- "i have proven throughout this round multiple times" or cringe phrase like that --> ugh
- MOST IMPORTANTLY: I WILL NEVER UNDERSTAND THE MFS W LONG OFF TIME ROADMAPS- j tell me where u start and signpost, if a roadmap is more than 5-7s than imma cry and taaaaaaaank speaks dont dont dont do it. i better not hear "i will begin on my argument, pointing out why my opponents responses are wrong and why our evidence is better and why we have better impacts and why im a monkey" istg
Have fun with the round. Try new stuff and do your best -- hard work pays off.
Overall -- do what you want just do it well. Have some fun in the rounds and try to learn something. Everyone has a favorite argument they try to write about or run every topic ( i.e. drug trafficking, china/US heg, biotech innov) so try to find yours. At the very least don't be uncomfortable. Do your best and leave the rest to the flow.
Sorry -- that was long. if you made it then answer this riddle (if ur correct u get an auto 30):
I'm always hungry, I must always be fed,
The finger I touch, I soon leave it dead.
People fear my presence, yet I bring no strife,
I'm essential to the balance of life.
What am I?
send link chains to firstname.lastname@example.org if you intend to spread
In high school, I did two years of LD, two years of PF, and a few tournaments in BQ and Congress. I now am a senior at Princeton University studying public policy and behavioral science.
I am a firm believer that if no framework is given in PF, then I should weigh under a cost-benefit analysis. I personally do not believe that PF rounds should be done with anything other than CBA as the framework because we already have a style of framework debate; it's called LD. That being said, if a framework is given, please make sure you respond to it and do not let it just flow through the round; if their framework is actually useful and not abusive, I might weigh it in my decision.
I love PF for the crossfire. Be respectful but do not let people push you around. I want to see which side has actual questions for their opponents and which side has actual debating skills. That being said, I do not flow crossfire and if you want any impacts to come out of the crossfire and make it on the flow, you must restate them in one of your following speeches.
Make sure you mention everything you want to mention in your final focus in this speech. Don't just give me a second rebuttal; give me also a preliminary conclusion. Tell me what is happening in the round and explain why your side is winning.
Include the information from the summary. No new evidence. Make sure your impacts and voters are clear and direct. The more back I have to search through the flow for your impacts, the less likely I am to find them and be able to weigh them on your side.
Everything should have a card to go with it; do not make arguments without a card to back you up. I buy logic when direct evidence is not available, but I will always weigh empirical and direct evidence over logical conclusions. A study demonstrating what is actually occurring in the world (be that study descriptive or a lab experiment) is always more accurate than what one simply thinks would happen with a certain policy or governmental action.
I am a flow judge by heart. Use every speech to reiterate why you should win and make sure you explain to me what is happening to each argument. Is the argument you stated in the constructive flowing through? Is your opponent's claim still standing? And, most importantly, why are these stances true? Also, make sure to signpost well and tell me what you're attacking or referencing so I can flow your side better; a cleaner flow means an easier ballot.
The framework should be the premise of the round; if you drop your framework, you're essentially dropping the round. Your framework is your ultimate purpose; if you drop your framework, you drop your entire argument.
As usual, logical conclusions are permissible but keep in mind, being asked for a card and not having one is not a strong stance.
If you run a K, be sure to extend impacts. Debate is set on the premise of impacts so make sure your alt stands clear and explain why you have won the round very clearly. AFF Ks generally do not run well with me but if you think it works well and has impacts then give it a shot- I’m down for trying anything.
I absolutely love a good counterplan. If you run one, make sure you prove uniqueness and respond to the inevitable perm.
I am ok with any kind of CP or PIC as long as you are unconditional. Being conditional makes no sense; are you advocating for that CP/PIC or is it that unstable we should not rely on it?
I also adore res plus cp, but make sure you explain how you're unique and why I should value your plan over the Aff's in terms of impacts.
If you run a DA, just like with a K, make sure you draw out your impacts and how your side provides any solvency. Just attacking your opponent doesn't just make you the automatic winner - give me a reason why voting for your side is better than your opponents.
Be CREATIVE! You have to affirm the resolution, but you can still do a lot! Think creatively and make arguments that have an impact! If the flow is a wash on both sides, I will have to weigh impacts so make sure you make yours VERY clear!
Also - Affirmative = affirm the resolution.
also also- I have normally debated in mostly traditional LD circuits. I can flow theory but make sure you explain why that theory matters and why I should uphold it.
there is no utopia without kanye west, there is no taylor swift without kanye west.
purdy greatest qb of all time
Hi! My name is Kaushik Sathiyandrakumar (he/him). I'm a current junior at Ravenwood High School who has debated under variations of Ravenwood SM. I've had a decent amount of success on the local and national circuit. I've had a good amount of experience as well.
Email for Chain: email@example.com.
I consider the most important rule in debate as being safe and respectful. In round, be chill, nice, and respectful before the round. If anyone is there before the round, the same rules apply. If I'm there before round, feel free to talk about anything.
Tech > Truth.
How I evaluate the round:
I evaluate the weighing first. Once I determine which team is winning the weighing, I look at their case first. If that team is also winning their case, the round is over. If that team is losing their case, I will presume for the team that is speaking first. I make this notion because first summary and final focus are objectively the hardest speeches in the round. However, if you disagree with me, feel free to make presumption warrants and I will evaluate them.
I am mostly fine with speed. If you start going over 215 words per minute, please send a speech doc before you start the speech.
Please make evidence exchange quick. If it takes longer than 2 minutes to send a piece of evidence, I'm striking it from the flow.
Feel free to read whatever you want as long as it's not excluding anyone. Make sure to give warrants for every argument that you're reading.
Feel free to read how many ever overviews/advantages/disadvantages in rebuttal. The only rule I have about that is being clear. It becomes a line where I prefer quality over quantity.Collapsing in second rebuttal is also cool.
Summary & Final Focus:
These are the most important speeches in the round, so it's important that you do them right. Extend your arguments properly."Extend Kumar 23" isn't a proper extension. Please weigh. Please make your weighing comparative. Please make sure that you respond to all weighing in round. These speeches also must mirror each other. I will not evaluate anything new.
I would highly prefer that you do not read progressive argumentation.I do not believe that I have the sufficient ability to evaluate progressive argumentation to a high extent.
30: All Turns in Constructive
30: Turning in Chair when Reading a Turn
30: Referencing the Seattle Seahawks or anything related with cricket.
30: Referencing Kanye West, Juice Wrld, Playboi Carti, or Lil Tecca in speech. (Send song requests too).
Some of the debaters that have shaped my view of debate are Vedant Misra, Marcus Novak, Anmol Malviya, Ryan Jiang, and William Hong. Read any of their paradigms if you have any questions or preferences related to substance.
I know this was pretty short and doesn't talk about my views about a lot of things, so feel free to email before the round to see my views. You can also ask me in room.
I'm a high school PF debater
You can read whatever you want.
Required in each of your speeches(any one of the below):
1. Jojos reference
2. Cobra Kai reference
3. 30 speaks theory
4. nuke war impact
5. dedev ( u have to win some extent of it and i'll evaluate )
6. spreading in the final focus
7. sing the Indian national anthem at the end of each of your speeches
8. PLEASE say Game over judge at least 35 times in each speech
9. Read thankyous to whoever you want to thank for being in the tournament (3 thankyous required)
if both teams don't do this, I evaluate a round normally. I'm a flow judge but don't go too fast. pls do weighing. I like framing and theory debate. Overall, just win ur links, impacts, and weigh.
Tech > truth
No harassment or bigotry of any kind, auto-drop.
^ Add to all email chains, I want to see disclosure
Northern Mountain updated: I know this topic well. I have been researching SUP topic since October and coached over 200 kids on it. Make good arguments and you are fine. Bad arguments are funny but my threshold to believe a final focus grandstand is near 0 if the warrants weren't already there so I need these arguments early. Frontlining is good. Weighing is done on the page and not on a separate page.
Affiliations: Ivy Bridge Academy, Georgia State University
Bottom line: I am a 3rd year out debater doing policy, I did 4 years of LD in high school and I have been coaching MS/HS PF at Ivy Bridge Academy. I can follow technical debating and jargon from across those 3 events so just you do you even if you a I have coached/debated/judged/voted on: tricks, theory, kritiks, plan, phil, trad and lay (insert whatever non-descriptive 1 word shorthand you like). Whatever you are doing will likely not be new to me in all honesty. Some people call me a tabula rasa judge even though I think the phrase tabula rasa is a conservative debate dogwhistle (I spend a lot of my time thinking about why we do what we do in debate, I think this makes me decent at judging method debates).
this is the only stuff that will change how I vote directly, everything else is flexible.
Put me on the email chain, i do like to read evidence because no one compares the evidence themselves. I prefer ev to be send before speeches and in cut cards. Your speaks are capped below 29.5 if there is no doc and below 28 if when you send evidence there is not evidence in cut card format. Paraphrasing is fine if you have cut cards to go along with it AND you send them out BEFORE. I make exceptions to this if you are part of a small program which has no way knowing how to cut cards and this is in novice.
If you send your case as a google doc, copying perms needs to be on. This is because I need to create a stable copy of your evidence, anything that you can edit without sending a new doc risks being problematic (ie changing highlighting mid round or adding ev and claiming to have read it). Strike me if how I deal with ev ethics is a problem.
How I vote
I will only vote on what was in the final speech and what is implicated to be in the final speech as the reason to vote for you. That is the only hard line I draw. (this includes you must extend case against a 2nr on T). Every form of debate is full of brain rot and I genuinely care about voting for people who are capable of thinking of why they do the norms they partake, not only does it make you a better debater but also a better person. Idc what it is or how it got there, just get to the finish line. Any arg is a voting issue if made to be that way. I only vote on complete arguments. Stock args are very strategic in front of me because I am not better for random arguments but for good arguments you can defend well. The frontlines and weighing wins you the round, not the constructive.
I have debated and judged debates for about 5 years now. I have experience in more than 6 debate formats.
I encourage debaters to be keen throughout the round, be precise and mechanise their arguments in addition to weighing in of clashes in a round. But most importantly, I encourage debaters to learn from each and every debate regardless of whether they win or lose.
Rebuttals should be as concrete as your constructions because they carry as much importance.
I am okay with spreading.
I will default to they/them pronouns for everyone, so if you would like me to use something different let me know before the round.
Be kind, have fun!
tech > truth - i will try my best not to intervene