Cozad Holiday Tournament

2022 — Cozad, NE/US

Program of Oral Interpretation

Abbreviation POI
Format Speech
Entry Fee $7.00
Entry 1 competitors per entry

Event Description:

Program Oral Interpretation (POI) is a 10-minute performance that can include a combination of Prose, Poetry, and Drama, with at least two genres of material being included. The purpose of this event is to encourage students to obtain a wide knowledge and appreciate of the various forms of literature. With a spotlight on argumentation and performative range, POI focuses on a student’s ability to combine multiple genres of literature centered around a single theme. Speakers are expected to portray multiple characters. Performances also include an introduction written by the student to contextualize the performance and state the titles and authors used in the program.

Students are expected to bring together a wide variety of literature for their program. Students should select pieces that are appropriate for them and that create a well-balanced program which may incorporate humor and drama. While a student should not include cuttings from a literary work used in previous competitive years, they may use different cuttings from the same literary work. Considerations for selecting a POI topic should include the student’s age, maturity, and school/team/coach standards.

Three key areas of a POI performance include:
Programming The process of piecing together different types of literature into one cohesive performance. The program should create a compelling performance centered around a theme, idea, or argument.

Blocking The movements a performer makes to convey space, emotion, and action. Blocking should enhance the performance, not distract from the story. Movements should be motivated by either internal or external factors. Internal motivation stems from how the character is feeling, while external motivation comes from a physical reaction to external factors. In POI, the student is allowed to use the manuscript as a prop to enhance blocking as long as it is in the student’s physical possession throughout the performance.

Characterization Characterization reveals the personality of the character through line delivery, vocal, and facial expression, and varying levels of levity and intensity. Each piece of literature in a student’s POI should have unique and engaging characters that can be distinguished from other pieces in the program. Additionally, each character should adequately represent the genre of literature from which they are drawn. The student should display command of poetic delivery when performing a selection of poetry, for example.

POI is regarded as recreating the thoughts and emotions of the author in the minds of the audience. When assigning quality ratings, the judge should take into consideration the appropriateness of the material chose by the student, the effectiveness of the cutting and arrangement, and the adequacy of the introductory and transitional remarks which unify the presentation.

In interpreting the program from a manuscript, the meaning should be conveyed primarily through the voice, appropriate body action, eye contact and other mechanisms of delivery are encouraged. The contestant shall be observed for naturalness and emotional responsiveness. The final test of a good POI is the ability of the contestant to cause audience members to forget they are listening to a contest.

A. Selections used in POI shall be cuttings from a minimum of two genres of literature (prose, poetry, drama) constructed to create a theme or argument. The material may be humorous, dramatic or combine both tones, and be taken from the following:
* Drama which includes plays, screenplays, or monologues
* Poetry which includes literature written in verse and free verse.
* Prose which includes fiction or nonfiction, and may be taken from but not limited to, novels and short stories; journal, magazine, or newspaper articles; research from governmental and educational documents; as well as essays, speeches, and blogs.
B. The introduction shall be memorized. All titles and authors used in the performance must be cited in the introduction. Transition material may be memorized.
C. Interpretations shall be no more than ten (10) minutes in performance including introductory and transitional materials. There is no minimum time limit.
D. The arrangement shall be interpreted from a printed manuscript in the speakers’ possession. The speaker may interpret the selection by referencing the paper manuscript or may give the selection solely from memory without reference to the paper manuscript. No costumes or props, except for the intact paper manuscript, shall be permitted.
E. Speakers may NOT be assisted, accompanied, or prompted by any individual.
Disqualification Criteria A. The speaker not in possession of a script. B. The speaker did not use at least two genres of literature within the program.
Lowering Rank Criteria
A. The speech is overtime exceeding 30 seconds.