National Debate Coaches Association National Championship

2018 — Marist School, GA/US

David Almonte Paradigm

6 rounds


I debated in PF for Poly Prep in Brooklyn NY. I was pretty good.


The second rebuttal should respond to all offense on the flow. I prefer second speaking teams also respond to terminal defense/overviews, but defense won't count as dropped until after summary.

Turns not extended into summary become defense, unless your opponent extends through it. In that case, it's offense again.

I don't flow author names. Refer to the arguments.

I default neg on BOP positive statement resolutions.


For second speaker teams; if your overview could easily have been a contention, I already hate it. When flowing on my laptop, I will literally not have a place to flow it - nor will I make one. Second rebuttal case turns should either a) respond within the framework debate or b) signpost to relevant links in case.

First speaking teams; go nuts.

Advocacies, Plans and Fiat Power In PF.

"I grant teams the weakest fiat you can imagine" - Caspar Arbeeny. Inherency is always better than fiat. Conditional advocacies are bad. "We kick out" never removes a turn, but speech time to de-link yourself from a turn can.

If you have any qualms, questions or concerns about my preferences, please do not hesitate to inform me. There is no penalty for trying to change the way I view debate.

Jack Ave Paradigm

3 rounds

Contact info:

Affiliation: American Heritage Plantation, Poly Prep Country Day

Background: I competed for Okoboji (IA) and was at the TOC '13 in LD. I also debated policy in college the following year.

General: Debate rounds are about students so intervention should be minimized. I believe that my role in rounds is to be an educator, however, students should contextualize what that my obligation as a judge is. I default comparative worlds unless told otherwise. Slow down for interps and plan texts. I will say clear as many times as needed. Signpost and add me to your email chain, please.

Pref Shortcut

K: 1

High theory: 1

T/Theory: 2

LARP: 1/2

Tricks: 2/3

K: I really like K debate. I have trouble pulling the trigger on links of omission. Performative offensive should be linked to a method that you can defend. The alt is an advocacy and the neg should defend it as such. Knowing lit beyond tags = higher speaks. Please challenge my view of debate. I like learning in rounds.

Framework: 2013 LD was tricks, theory, and framework debate. I dislike blippy, unwarranted 'offense'. However, I really believe that good, deep phil debate is persuasive and underutilized on most topics. Most framework/phil heavy affs don't dig into literature deep enough to substantively respond to general K links and turns.

LARP: Big fan but don't assume I've read all hyper-specific topic knowledge.

Theory/T: Great, please warrant extensions and signpost. "Converse of their interp" is not a counter-interp.

Disclosure: Not really going to vote on disclosure theory unless you specifically warrant why their specific position should have been disclosed. If they are running a position relatively predictable, it is unlikely I will pull the trigger on disclosure theory.

Speaks: Make some jokes and be chill with your opponent. In-round strategy dictates range. I average 28.3-28.8.

Other thoughts: Plans/CPs should have solvency advocates. Talking over your opponent will harm speaks. Write down interps before extemping theory. When you extend offense, you need to weigh. Card clipping is an auto L25.

PF Paradigm: I am a flow judge. Offense should be extended in summary and the second rebuttal doesn't necessarily need to frontline what was said in first rebuttal (but in some cases, it definitely helps). Weighing in Summary and FF is key. I'll steal this line from my favorite judge, Thomas Mayes, "My ballot is like a piece of electricity, it takes the path of least resistance." I have a hard time voting on disclosure theory in PF. Have fun and be nice.

Katherine Berdy Paradigm

5 rounds

Not Submitted

Quang Bui Paradigm

6 rounds

Background: Debated mostly Policy Debate for 4 years at Marist School although I did a couple of PF tournaments here and there.


Last Update 11/16/16

Policy Paradigm

Summary: I usually prefer DA Case CP debate but K's are fine if I can understand it. Really don't want to vote on theory though. 

General Things

  • I don't take prep for flashing or emailing unless the tournament is running behind or tab is nagging me to get done faster
  • Keep the debate calm and more relaxed
  • I probably won't look at evidence unless it is specifically indicted or highlighted

China Topic

  • I haven't had a lot of experience with this topic so please don't use too many abbreviations and acronyms
  • I don't know much about China policy as of this year but I know a good amount of Japanese politics and policy if that helps you at all


  • Please don't read an econ impact in front of me if your internal links aren't amazing. I study economics and unless your internal link and solvency cards are by economists with a ton of numbers. I like warming impacts and sciencey impacts like nuclear fusion since they interest me and I would probably more likely to pay attention to them
  • I'm getting tired of heavy impact debates and overviews. It seems like most of the time the debate boils down to nothing
  • Solvency debates and debates about the actual aff are the most enjoyable for me since they make the debate less generic. They also have to be explained a lot more in detail since I probably won't know it


  • I really like DA debates
  • The DA debate is probably going to be won or lost at the link level so I would probably focus on that 


  • I like CP's but I'm sometimes easily confused about what they do so you have to make it clear in CX or the 2NC as to what it does
  • I'm fine with judge kicking the CP even if you don't say it, given you extend case


  • I'm very hit or miss when it comes to K's. Often I get very confused by the barrage of information 2N's introduce in the block. Here's my advice if you decide to go for a K in front of me, slow down when you get to the K flow and explain everything as if I've never debated before
  • K debates are way too technical and I hate that. Debate the K like how your authors would, slowly and philosophically 
  • The link debate is honestly the only important thing about the K debate. If you run a K, I'm pretty much going to agree that you that you will outweigh the aff. I will, however, give you a much higher threshold to meet for the link so you need to spend about 75% of your time on the link debate
  • K tricks are stupid and cheap ways to win rounds so I'm probably not voting for them 
  • On the aff the first thing you should do is just hammer that 1NC link evidence. It's usually super generic 


  • I probably won't for T unless it is pretty much obvious that the aff is untopical. I'm probably going to default to reasonability
  • If it is a questionable aff, then please make the impacts clear and go slow. 
  • If you prove that the aff is untopical but still lose the impact debate then I'll probably still just vote for you

Non-Traditional Arguments

  • I honestly don't know how I feel about these since I've only encountered a single unorthodox debate. I would prefer it if your argument is topical
  • If you do something really weird I'm probably going to have this confused look on my face and default to the more orthodox team


I hate voting on theory. Please don't make it a theory debate and if you do slow down. Theory about one specific argument is a reason to reject the argument.

  • Word PICs: have to be extremely justifiable
  • 50 State Fiat: stupid but not an immediate reason to reject
  • International Fiat: good
  • Consult and Conditions CP's: depends on the solvency advocate
  • Condo: probably won't vote on unless dropped or perfcon
  • Multiplank CP's: fine if you have a solvency advocate for each plank
  • CP Perms: can make the CP go away, not sure about it as an advocacy
  • K Perms: kind of dumb. Just go for the no link


Roi Ceren Paradigm

3 rounds

I previously debated policy for Damien High School for four years (2001-2005), attending the TOC once in my senior year. In college, I debated for 3 years for the University of Georgia (2005-2008). I preferred critical debate towards the end of high school, and gravitated towards more traditional arguments in all other years. Besides debate, I am a PhD candidate in Computer Science at the University of Georgia, and currently work as the lead data scientist researching for an Atlanta-based startup, SalesLoft.

That being said, I am almost a decade since my last round, so keep this in mind. I have very little experience with contemporary debate techniques. Additionally, being so long detached from debate, speed is generally not recommended, with high clarity preferred.

In terms of preference of argumentation, I have none. I believe debate is about the art of argumentation and, therefore, can be compelled to judge under a variety of interpretations. I leave it to the debaters to frame how I should evaluate the debate and, when given no litmus, I default to the technical execution of the competing topics presented, as opposed to the philosophical implications of the debate. If you do strive to win the debate on the latter approach, tell me how my ballot choice is involved.

Katie Cole Paradigm

3 rounds

Current head coach at Homewood-Flossmoor High School.

Policy Debater for 4 years in HS (Sandburg)
4 years of Policy in college (Augustana 1 year, NIU 3 years)
8 years assisting a team with Lincoln-Douglas and PF.

5th year as head coach


When it comes to LD, I am definitely more traditional even though I've spent a lot of time in policy. I don't believe there should be plans or disads. I think the idea of LD becoming 1 person policy is unfortunate. LD should be about negating or affirming the res, not plan creation. You should have a value and value criterion that is used to evaluate the round. I have judged LD often on the local circuit in IL. If you are a more progressive LD debater, you likely don't want me in the back of the room.


I'm ok with most things in PF except plans/disads/etc. This is not policy.


I'm not going to fight to understand what your're saying. If you are unclear you will likely lose. I also feel like I shouldn't have to follow along on a speech doc to hear what your saying. Fast is fine, but it should be flowable without reading the docs. Otherwise....what's the point in reading it at all.

I am an advocate of resolution specific debate. We have a yearly resolution for a reason. I don't believe running arguments that stay the same year after year is educational. 2015 example: Your affirmative should have some connection to domestic surveillance.

Topicality – I like T. I think the problem with it is that not enough explanation occurs of the actual abuse the Neg faces and debaters fly through it so fast that it is impossible to catch each argument. I feel like there should be some legit abuse or at the very least major pot. abuse.

Theory - ugh. I know debate can't live without it so I'll say this.....I'm pretty lenient with multiple conditional arguments that aren't extremely ridiculous. I also find theory debates boring. Topic debate good.

Kritiks -- Most of the common K's are fine by me. I am not well read in K literature. I will not pretend to understand your K. If you fail to explain it well enough for me and at the end of the debate I don't understand it, I will not vote for it. I will likely tell you it's because I don't understand. I will not feel bad about it.

1. BE CLEAR. If you are fast but not clear, I am not flowing. You can go as fast as your mouth and lungs will let you, but if you are not clear it will most likely be detrimental to you. I will say clear twice. If you don't adjust I will probably stop flowing.

1A. Make sure there is a clear distinction between tags and cards

Be a good person.

Lyndsey Hinckley Paradigm

6 rounds

Updated for 2018 Cold & Flu Season: I do not shake hands with debaters after I've judged you. Just a heads up to save us both that awkward exchange at the end of the round. :)

Experience/Background: I coach at Columbus HS, primarily Public Forum. I did not debate in high school or college, but I have been coaching and judging PF since 2014, both locally (Georgia) and on the national circuit, including TOC and NSDA Nationals. Many of my students have qualified to TOC (2016-present) and NSDA Nats (2015-present) in Public Forum, and I teach at summer debate institutes--in short, even though I didn't debate personally, I know what's going on and I'm very aware of national circuit norms and trends, as well as the cornerstones of more traditional circuits.

Judging Preferences:

If you have specific questions about me as a judge, please feel free to ask them. Some general guidelines and answers to frequently asked questions are below:

1. Speed: I don't have a problem with speed for the most part. On a 1-10 scale, I can handle an 8, though you should not consider that a green light to take off at top speed. My tolerance for speed does drop when a) it is late in the day/tournament or b) I have judged more than 5ish rounds that day. I will always value the quality of your arguments over the quantity of words you may be able to squeeze into a four or two minute speech. Similarly, I understand debate jargon just fine, but if your goal in over-using debate-speak is to confuse your less-experienced opponents or muddy up a round, I'm probably not going to respond well to that.

2. Flowing: I do flow. Usually on my laptop. If I am flowing on paper, something is very wrong and you should drop your speed to around a 6, or I will miss a lot of what you're saying. I probably won't look at you much during the debate, but I am listening and flowing, and I am aware when you're attempting to make connections with me as a judge - so carry on with what you're doing.

3. Signposting and Roadmaps: Signposting is good. Please do it. It makes my job easier. Off-time roadmaps aren't really needed or helpful, at least if you're just going "their case, our case." If you're doing something complicated with overviews and observations, then roadmaps are fine and appreciated.

4. Consistency of Arguments/Making Decisions: Anything you expect me to vote on should be in summary and final focus. Defense is not "sticky." Please weigh. I can deal with a line-by-line summary, but prefer voters.

5. Prep (in-round and pre-round): Please pre-flow before you enter the round. Monitor your own prep time. If you and your opponents want to time each other to keep yourselves honest, go for it. Do not steal prep time - if you have called for a card and your opponents are looking for it, you should not be writing/prepping unless you are also running your prep time. On that note, have your evidence ready. It should not take you longer than 20-30 seconds to pull up a piece of evidence when asked. If you delay the round by taking forever to find a card, your speaker points will probably reflect it.

6. Overviews in second rebuttal: In general, I think a short observation or weighing mechanism is probably more okay than a full-fledged contention that you're trying to sneak in as an "overview". Tread lightly.

7. Frontlines: Second speaking team should answer turns and frontline in rebuttal. I don't need a 2-2 split, but I do think you need to address the speech that preceded yours. This is a newer development in my judging philosophy, so if I've judged you before...this may be a change from the past.

8. Theory: I am a really bad judge to attempt to run theory in front of. I would much rather you just debate the resolution. If you really feel it's necessary to call out some sort of theory issue, do it quickly...but don't make it the sole thing you want me to vote on, please, or spend a ton of time on it.

9. Crossfire: I do not flow crossfire. If it comes up in cross and you expect it to serve a role in my decision-making process, I expect you to bring it up in a later speech.

10. Speaker points: I basically never give 30s, so you should not expect them from me. If you ask what it takes to get a 30 from me, you'll be lucky to get a 29. I do appreciate wit.

Jeffrey Miller Paradigm

1 rounds

Jeffrey Miller
Director of Speech & Debate at Marist School in Atlanta, GA (2011-present)
Director of Debate/Asst Director of Debate, Fayette County High School in Fayetteville, GA (2006-2011)

Updated for 2020-2021 and Online Debate

Please add and to the email chain. This should be started in the tech time.

Both teams should use it and send the constructives at a minimum. I am fine with constructives being sent after they are read in the debate. Please call the email chain something real like "Kentucky Round 1 - Marist VL vs Marist HN." If you read cards, you should send the cards in the order they are read. If you paraphrase, you should send your paraphrasing and the cards that you paraphrased in the order that you read.

some major bullet points adapting to me:

- i prefer you read cards. this doesn't mean i won't evaluate paraphrasing and it doesn't mean that i'll automatically drop you on paraphrasing bad theory it just means that better arguments are made by the experts you quote in your evidence than your interpretation of the experts. i wouldn't waste a strike on me if you paraphrase but still cut cards.
- speeches build off of each other. everything in the final focus should be in the summary. second rebuttal should respond to first rebuttal.
- made up jargon is bad. clarity of impact is not a thing.
- i prefer substantive debates to theory debates. i really am not a fan of theory. i have strong beliefs in how debate should be done, but i have stronger beliefs in learning about topics. read theory if you must, and I'll obviously evaluate it - but i do prefer a debate about the topic.
- i value hard work. Debate is hard. It's rewarding because its hard. The debate you have in front of me should a representation of your hard work you spent preparing for that debate.

Lindsey Motlow Paradigm

4 rounds

I'm what my students call "flay." Be nice, be logical, speak clearly. I don’t like excessive terminology.

Miranda Nutt Paradigm

6 rounds

I did PF in high school and I am now a senior in college, do with that information what you will. Please add and to the email chain. This should be started in the tech time. Please include at least the cases and call the email chain something like "Grapevine Round 1 - Marist VL vs Marist HN."

The basics:

- I hate paraphrasing, please cut cards. I think it's bad for the activity, 9/10 times is misrepresentation, and high schoolers are less informed than the academics they are citing. I won't drop you for paraphrasing, but please make it abundantly clear where you pulled your argument from the text. (If it is clear, you could have saved yourself and everyone else a whole lot of time by just reading the card in the first place)

- I will vote on the most cleanly extended and well weighed argument in the round.

- Respond to first rebuttal in second rebuttal please (your speaker points will reflect whether you did).

- Make sure your extensions of arguments are extensions of the entire argument. Saying "extend the Jones '12 turn" in summary is not sufficient for you to go for that turn in final focus, for example.

- I will evaluate theory, k's, etc., but I prefer debates on the topic. This is simply because I feel that I am much better at judging debates on the topic. So, if you choose to read these arguments go for it, but understand that I need you to explain exactly how they should influence my ballot.

Quincee Robinson Paradigm

3 rounds

Not Submitted

Brett Rydalch Paradigm

6 rounds

“This forum, like all public forums, is a waste of time”

- Ron Swanson (JK, I just love Ron.)

Public Forum:


- Read good evidence and make sure I can understand the card citation. Its not real if I can't hear where its from.

- Defense is overvalued

- Weighing, indights and offense are undervalued

Things I enjoy seeing in round:

- Signposting

- Turns > Link debates

- Empirics and quantifiable impacts.

- Lots of evidence

- Risky/Off-the-wall arguments… as long as they still make sense.

- Well-weighed arguments extended through the Final Focus, even if that means you’re kicking out of others. Write my ballot for me. Some of the best teams I’ve seen lose and/or drop every argument but one, and still win the round.

- Use Cross well. Make it constructive. Being funny and/or sassy never hurts, either.

- Flashing evidence or being able to hand over evidence speedily.

- Give me clear voters. Tell me why I should vote for you in your Summary/FF.

Things I DO NOT like:

- Improperly citing evidence.

- People that lie in the 2nd FF

- Off-time roadmaps. The only time to give one is if I need a new piece of flow-paper because you’re going off-case, or if you’re doing something otherwise out of the ordinary.

- Miscutting/manipulating evidence

- When you say an author and I can't understand. Don't be like..."Blah, 17 says..."

- Using rhetoric claims about discrimination and abuse or anything. Be careful about making blatant statements about these topics that could across as offensive.

- I pretty much hate framework. Most PF teams provide a framework and then really don't work within it or it becomes a framework debate. I DO NOT, REALLY DON'T, LIKE SERIOUSLY HATE a 45 min debate on framework and the case does not adhere to the framework you present. all run C/B Analysis for 99% of everything and most of you don't understand anything about economics or actually present a valid C/B Analysis then just don't waste our time. Let's just agree that the flow is king and you need to prove stuff. Lets just agree there is one framework..Impact Calc...I will weigh who has the better impacts. Enough said.

Don’t do these things in front of me.

Speed: I like speed up to like 325 wpm. If you go really really slowly I might get bored and start drawing pictures of butterflies and flowers on my flow, so speed is prob in your best interest. Slow down on tags and authors if you’re really fast.

Other technical things:

- I’ll only evaluate things that are in both Summary and FF.

- I don’t flow crossex, but you should refer to things that happened in cross in your next speech. I don't care how you do it or even if you do it. Please don't try to be sneaky and assume you can stare at me during cross and think you can get another speech in. Naw, I'm good and don't care what you have to say. I will probably be on my phone, computer or watching Netflix or something.


I coach PF.

I life PF.

I work with NSDA in PF.

PF is good.

Pamela Siegal Paradigm

1 rounds

Not Submitted

Shane Stafford Paradigm

3 rounds

The Blake School (Minneapolis, MN) I am the director of debate where I teach communication and coach Public Forum and World Schools. I also coach the USA Development Team and Team USA in World Schools Debate.

Public Forum

Some aspects that are critical for me

1) Be nice and respectful. Try to not talk over people. Share time in crossfire periods. Words matter, think about what you say about other people. Attack their arguments and not the people you debate.

2) Arguments must be extended in each speech. This idea of "sticky defense" and not answering arguments in the second rebuttal doesn't understand how debate works. A debater can only make strategic choices about their speech if they base it on what was said in the speech previous to them.

3) Read evidence. I don't accept paraphrasing -- this is an oral activity. If you are quoting an authority, then quote the authority. A debater should not have to play "wack a mole" to find the evidence you are using poorly. Read a tag and then quote the card, that allows your opponent to figure out if you are accurately quoting the author or over-claiming the evidence.

4) Have your evidence ready. If an opponent asks for a piece of evidence you should be able to produce it in about 60 seconds. At two minutes or so, I'm going to just say the evidence doesn't count in the round because you can't produce it. If I say the card doesn't count then the card doesn't count in the round. If you say you can't produce the card then you risk losing. That is called fabrication to cite evidence and then not be able to produce it. If I ask for a card after the round and you can't produce it, again you risk losing the round. Good evidence practices are critical if this format is to rely on citing authorities.

5) I tend to be a policymaker. If there is no offense against trying a new policy then I suggest we try the new policy as it can't hurt to try. Offense is important for both sides.

6) Use voting issues format in summary and final focus. Learn that this allows a clear story and weighing. A voting issue format includes links, impacts, and weighing and provides clarity to just "our case/their case". You are still doing the voting issues on "their flow" or "our flow".

7) Lead with labels/arguments and NOT authors. Number your arguments. For example, 1) Turn UBI increases wage negotiation -- Jones in 2019 states "quote"

8) Racist, xenophobic, sexist, classist, homophobic, transphobic, ableist, and other oppressive discourses or examples have no place in debate.

Enjoy the debate and learn from this activity, it is a great one.

Michael Torpy Paradigm

1 rounds

-Flow Judge

-I mostly weigh what is in the final focus, and because of this, tell me what to weigh in the debate in your speech.

-I'll allow a brief amount of defense for the first speaking team, but if it’s in the final focus, it must be in the summary.

-Try to have clean Cross Xs: don't interrupt your opponent too much and try not to get too muddled, or spend the whole time on one question (unless it's crucial to the debate)

-Don’t steal prep

Christian Vasquez Paradigm

6 rounds

*Update before Milo Cup
If you start an email chain in round, I will start speaker points for you at 28 instead of 27. The doc isn't meant to be a crutch for you to be unclear while speaking but rather to cut down on the amount of wasted time that people spend looking for evidence and also for me to check that you're actually reading cards.

Strike me if you're not going to read cards. These are cards. If I have to ask for a card at the end of the round and what you show me isn't close to that, I'm just not considering it for the round. I'll just evaluate my flow as if it wasn't there.

Telling me that you've summarized this part and that part of a 40 page PDF is ridiculous. More than half the time the article isn't about the actual debate topic and you're just hoping no one calls you out for it. Paraphrasing in public forum is out of control and it's really become intellectually dishonest.

Here's even a link to Verbatim, a macro template that works with Microsoft Word so that card cutting is really easy.

I currently am one of the assistant coaches at The Blake School in Minneapolis

Public Forum

I competed primarily in Minnesota which means I have a couple of different opinions on how the round should function.

The Split

If you are the second speaking team, I expect that you will respond to the speech that happened before yours at some point in your rebuttal. Zero split between attacking their case and rebuilding your own doesn't constitute an automatic loss or clean extensions on their part, but I'm going to be a lot less accepting of brand new answers in the second summary when the first speaking team doesn't have any time to deal with them. I'll be a lot more forgiving of extensions by the first team as long as they point out the ridiculousness of the new answers. I don't require a perfect two minutes-two minutes, but something has to be done to make the debate fair. Otherwise, the second speaking team should just win day in and day out, unless they're making continuous strategic mistakes and dropping everything on the flow.

Summary and Final Focus

The summary and final focus are shorter for a reason. Line by line debate isn't going to be great, and I'd rather half a handful of voting issues to evaluate than throwing me everything and the kitchen sink to weigh. If you're just trying to extend everything, your analysis is probably dropping off because of it. I want to see a good debate and that means you need to be weighing in depth and not making blippy arguments. If you want something to be a voting issue in the final focus, it also needs to be in the summary.

Speaker points

My average is a 27 for the losing team and a 28 for the winning team. I think speaker point inflation is pretty ridiculous these days. A 30 to me means that there is nothing I can critique about your speech and it was perfect. Somethings that can help you with getting a higher score:

A) Voting issues, not just blind extensions. Talked about this a bit up above. I want to hear real weighing in the round, and that means actually applying some form of calculus to the arguments. I think categorizing arguments into broader issues allows you to do this. Feel free to prove me wrong though, and I mean that sincerely.

B) I like clever lines of questioning. In PF this is a little bit more difficult to do, since crossfire is double-sided but I think it can still be done. You're never going to get a good opponent to concede some major point by just blatantly asking if they're wrong. Rather, asking small questions that build up and setting a trap is not just strategic, but makes me impressed as a judge

C) Jokes. I like to laugh and smile, but lately a lot of rounds have done the opposite for me.

Things that will not help your points:

A) "Off Time Roadmaps." In CX and LD there's multiple flows. In PF there's one. If your roadmap is "Their case, our case" I'm just going to knock half a speaker point off every time you say it. If you're giving one, and I still would prefer you didn't, it needs to be a weird order on the flow that might be hard to follow. That's acceptable. Otherwise you should be signposting well enough that I can follow you along normally.

B)Rudeness. Cutting off your opponent repeatedly without letting them answer isn't helpful and I don't want to see it.

C) Sexist, racist, homophobic, or otherwise hateful language. I'll drop your points to whatever the tournament forces me to stop at. If it continues in round, it'll cost you the round too.


If you are reading cards in the round, I expect that you can produce them if your opponent asks for them. This means that if you're claiming Johnson 17 says this, you can pull up that card in a reasonable time. Reasonable to me is within a minute if it's in your constructive, and within two if it's in the rebuttals or summaries. Taking anything more than that means I'm just going to wipe it off my flow. You're wasting your time, your opponents' time, and my time by not being organized. I've been judging rounds and my teams have been competing in rounds where it's taken more than ten minutes total for people to produce evidence and it's ridiculous.

If I call for a card and it's very different from what you said it claims and how it actually reads, I'm dropping it immediately from my flow. I will be explicit about what cards I'm calling for and the authors. If I'm wrong, correct me immediately. But if you show me something different than what I asked for, it's too late to change my mind.

Theory/"Progressive" arguments


I think PF debate is finally opening up to the idea that practices and norms done by some teams are abusive and hurt the educational aspect of this activity for the sake of a win. I'm now open to a variety of theory arguments, but mostly just as a check back for this type of abuse that I think is happening in far too many rounds.

Some things I'd like in a theory debate:

1. An actual shell and a prompt for multiple flows. I know I said PF is only one flow and I don't really think off-time roadmaps are useful but if we're going to adopt ideas from other forms of debate we should stick to those norms.

2. Frivolous theory isn't acceptable. Theory is the introduction of norms and habits that you think would be good for the community to accept. Discussions on paraphrasing, disclosure and even speed are acceptable debates to have between teams. Theory to win a debate based on tricks because a team dropped the shell isn't a good norm.

3. Bias I have on theory:

I default to reasonability without being told how else to evaluate dueling arguments

Disclosure is good

Paraphrasing is a terrible practice and should honestly be banned from the activity

Speed without email chains for the opposing team is exclusionary


My background in LD was to read Deont FW on most topics and when it came to Policy we read plans on the aff and DAs/CPs on the neg. The closest we got to K debate was to read generic cap bad arguments and we weren't great. The K wasn't my favorite type of argument in high school and I had little experience with it besides losing to it. That being said, as I've read more and talked to more policy teams that read these positions I'm much more open to them than I once was.

I have a couple of things that shape my thoughts on Kritikal positions:

1. I don't understand post-modernism in debate. I understand the critiques of objectivist realities and attacks against structurist understandings on power and the state but I don't necessarily follow easily what I'm supposed to do with my ballot if the pomo team is winning. I'm an idiot and my inexperience with these arguments in a competitive environment means I need you to explain them slowly and deliberately to me.

2. I need an alternative. If the team running the kritik is just a description as to why what the other team is doing is bad, that doesn't mean I necessarily vote against them. An alternative is a sign to me as a judge that I can do something because I see it as the formation of offense off what is typically a non-unique disad. Reject alternatives I think are acceptable.

Lastly I'll say that I love war scenarios in general and debates centered around questions of hegemonic power distribution. For this reason foreign policy topics are the most interesting to me even if it's not my academic background.

Josh Weintraub Paradigm

3 rounds

UGA '21

Johns Creek HS '17

Email -->

I'll vote on whatever you want but I do not like the K, at all.

If you ain't reading a plan you ain't winnin the ballot.

Disclosure*: I am Jewish and have lived in Israel. please take this into consideration if you're going to read a K aff about Israel in front of me. "First team to trivialize or deny the Holocaust loses." - Becca Steiner

More Info available on request.

Phish references = +.1 speaker points

Addie Wilson Paradigm

3 rounds

add me to the email chain pls!!!
i am very short and am often confused for a high school child. yes I am your judge.

Who I am:
Denver East/Denver Independent '17
UC Berkeley '21 (go bears)

I debated policy in high school, TOC qualified, almost entirely as an independent entry. currently coach for Harker.

tldr: if you're wondering if you can read *x* argument in front of me, the answer is yes. I am familiar with and have read K literature, the politics DA, performance, framework, counterplans, high theory, heg good affs, etc. don't tailor your argument to fit what you think I want to hear. do what you're good at and explain your arguments well and there won't be any problems.
in terms of speaking—despite spreading, I believe debate is still an exercise in persuasion and public speaking. look at me! make jokes! be charismatic! make fun of the other team's arguments/yourself/people I know!

Things I think are rules of debate:
tech > truth
you cannot clip cards
you must flash/show your evidence to your opponents
speech times
you cannot text or communicate otherwise with anyone who is not your partner during the round
you cannot steal prep
debater-directed sexist/racist/prejudiced speech or behavior is never acceptable

Things I do not think are rules of debate:
whether or not you are topical
using the internet to look up what the hell that weird K word means (this is ok)
being nice to your opponents (tho you will lose speaker points if you are not)
being nice to me (tho I'll like you more if you are)
what you choose to do with your speech/prep time


This is somewhat new to me! I have been coaching/judging LD for about 3 years now, but I never debated LD in high school. so, for whatever this means to you, I will approach the round from a somewhat policy perspective. sorry. some stuff just gets ingrained. that being said, I like judging LD! feel free to ask any clarifying questions, but these are my main thoughts:


If you're thinking of going for the most convoluted, tricky, weird (no offense), LD jargon-y theory argument, I'm probably not your gal. too often I have found myself frantically trying to keep up with someone as they spread through some theory block their coach wrote for them years ago or some absolutely ridiculous violation of a made up rule with little to no contextualization to the round. this will not be particularly persuasive to me.

don't get me wrong, I'm good with speed and I like a good theory debate. that being said—call me crazy, but ripping through your theory block SO QUICKLY that i practically break my keyboard trying to taking down maybe 70% of what you say is a BAD theory debate. if I can't flow it comfortably, I won't.

Other stuff:

no RVIs on T. just no.

pretty much everything else applies from my policy paradigm (see below). I vibe with both Ks/fun, critical affs and heg good affs/tricky econ DAs. do ur thing.

POLICY DEBATE: see everything below

K affs:
do what u want! this is what I did. I will hold you to a very high threshold when it comes to answering framework because this is an argument that you ABSOLUTELY need to have good answers to if you are choosing to read a K aff. if you chose to advocate something (which you probably should), tell me what it is and why it matters. tell me what my ballot means. use your 1AC. too often the actual aff gets lost in clash of civ debates and I hate when the 2AR is nothing but "framework bad". framework is not bad or evil. it is an argument to test the compatibility of your argument with the activity of debate.

as a judge, my perspective on FW debates has evolved considerably from when i was a debater. you are on the side of truth—use it. read specific interpretations and topical versions of the aff. tell me specifically what about the aff is unfair/abusive. HOW DOES THE AFFIRMATIVE ACCOUNT FOR THE FACT THAT DEBATE IS A COMPETITIVE ACTIVITY WITH A WINNER AND A LOSER. please don't make it hard for me to vote for you—if the aff reads a bunch of "disads" against your framework, ANSWER THEM.

yes!!!! I like Ks. read them well. this includes going very in-depth with the link debate in the block, articulating your alternative well, explaining the relationship between the squo/the world of the aff/the world of the alt, and most importantly: clear, developed framework that tells me how I should evaluate the round and what my ballot means in terms of the K. *side note* if you're reading a K your coach just threw at you moments before the round because you think I'm a K hack and I'll like it better than a policy arg, don't. I will be sad.

Language/Rhetoric Ks:
I decided to add this here after some thought, and my goal is not to offend anyone with this section. please be careful when reading language/rhetoric Ks in front of me (ex. "you guys"/ableist rhetoric). unless the K is either connected to the argument you are reading or genuinely comes from a place of passion and desire to improve debate, please don't read it. a simple call out during CX should suffice and is often a more effective way of changing this kind of speech. obviously I will deal with any egregiously offensive language. but if the team you are debating unintentionally lets slip a word that carries offensive connotations to a certain group—this should not be treated as an instant ballot for you. it is an opportunity to educate and should be handled as such. if you have questions feel free to ask me :)

Affs v. Ks:
pretty much the inverse of my stance on Ks. attack each and every link, point out flaws in the alternative, tell me why the aff is better than both the squo and the alt, and make good framing args. for critical affs against the K- articulate and execute the permutation if you have one, but please explain what the perm looks like.

yep. compare and explain your definitions/interpretations and tell me why they're better. attach your interpretation specifically to the topic and the necessity to exclude THIS aff in particular. fairness can be an impact, but explain why it is at stake in this round.

I love them!!! the CP should be both textually and functionally competitive. I will listen to it and vote for it even if its not, but it should be.

disads are great by themselves but are best when paired with a more offensive argument in the 2NR. specific links will get you far.

I don't air a certain way on any theory arguments, however I believe they are almost never reasons to reject the team. the only thing important to me is that you contextualize all of the arguments you are making to what is happening in the round.

I feel like I'm pretty normal in terms of baseline views—the neg should be allowed to read counterplans, etc etc.


I also sometimes judge this lol. in that case, ignore all of that ^ because it won't affect how I judge PF. the only way that my policy/LD background sneaks into my PF judging is that I think almost every final focus goes for too much. I know this isn't as common of a practice as it is in policy, but pick an argument you are winning and go for it. frame my ballot around it. I will not punish you if you don't extend every aspect of your case‚ unless you needed to because the other team did something funky/put offense on it.

also, I am probably the most informal judge you will ever have. you don't have to ask me if you can stand or sit during crossfire or if you're allowed to use the bathroom, take your jacket off, etc. I do not care.

Gabi Yamout Paradigm

3 rounds

La Costa Canyon/Leucadia Independent 2012-2016

Emory University 2016-present

Yes, I want to be on your email chain:

Read into these!

  • an argument has a claim, warrant, and impact
  • line by line is important
  • try or die is a bad way to make decisions
  • zero risk is possible


Do your thing. I prefer affs to have a tie to the topic in some way.


Sure. Impact comparison is important. I don't like late-breaking cross applications in these debates.


I do not read very much high theory/postmodernism literature.

Do good, specific link work, make smart turns case arguments, and use empirical examples to demonstrate your argument.

You are unlikely to convince me that the K should be rejected on face, or that the aff shouldn't get to weigh the implementation of their plan.


Love it. Please please please do impact comparison. Have a clearly articulated vision of what the topic would look like under both interpretations. Reasonability is best articulated as an argument for aff predictability.

You should assume I know little about the HS topic - that means your examples (eg what affirmatives the aff's interp would allow) need to be explained.


Cool. I like advantage counterplan debates.


Love to hear topic DAs, and I like impact turn debates.


  • I don’t have a strong opinion about conditionality.
  • The shorter your overviews, the better your speaks.
  • Create as much spin as you can - control the way I look at issues and pieces of evidence.
  • Death is bad.
  • If a team asks to use prep to ask more cx questions, feel free to say no. And no, you can't use your cx as prep.
  • Don't be an asshole.

Drew Young Paradigm

6 rounds

I have coached and judged a lot over the last few years, and will adhere fairly strictly to the flow. The only time I should be doing any work for anyone is if the round necessitates it by a lack of weighing or critical comparison. In those instances, I may have to make decisions, so I would prefer to always avoid that. A few general rules:

1. Anything that needs to be on the ballot, needs to be in Final Focus.

2. The first speaking team should be predicting the offense in first summary that needs to be responded to, and putting defense on it then. This ALSO means that the second speaking team has to frontline in the rebuttal. Any arguments/defense that are not in the First Summary are dropped, and any arguments that are not frontlined in the second rebuttal are dropped.

3. Summary to Final Focus consistency is key, especially in terms of the relevance of arguments, if something is going to be a huge deal, it should be so in both speeches.

Speed is fine, I'll evaluate critical arguments if they have a solid link.

I evaluate theory if it's needed, but I'm semi-skeptical of how often that really is.

Feel free to ask for anything else you need to know.

You should also probably pre-flow before the start time of the round, that will help your speaks!