Waters War of Words

2016 — GA/US

Matt Bartula Paradigm

3 rounds

I strongly believe in narrowing the debate in the summary speeches. I really want you to determine where you are winning the debate and explain that firmly to me. In short: I want you to go for something. I really like big impacts, but its's important to me that you flush out your impacts with strong internal links. Don't just tell me A leads to C without giving me the process of how you got there. Also don't assume i know every minute detail in your case. Explain and extend and make sure that you EMPHASIZE what you really want me to hear. Slow down and be clear. Give me voters (in summary and final focus). 

Speed is fine as long as you are clear. I work very hard to flow the debate in as much detail as possible. However, if I can't understand you I can't flow you. 

Irma Bliss Paradigm

4 rounds

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Justin Boyington Paradigm

4 rounds

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Ryan Crookham Paradigm

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Codey Hawkins Paradigm

4 rounds

History: I did PF debate during highschool, debated in the GA circuit and went to many National Circuit tournaments. I have been judging PF for a while now. I have been off the circuit for a little while though, and may not be knowledgeable about recent developments within the last year in regards to PF.

How I evaluate the round: I expect you to extend your arguments throughout the whole round. This means offense from the rebuttal needs to be extended through the Summary and Final Focus for it to be weighed in the round. I also do not like it when teams bring up something from rebuttal in the final focus without extending it through summary (called extending through ink), doing this will likely result in the argument being dropped off my flow.

Argumentation: I expect all arguments to be properly warranted and impacted with supportive evidence to go with it. I believe that evidence is extremely important in PF and without evidence it is almost impossible to win. Do not take your evidence out of context because it will just waste everyone's time. I will likely be well researched and knowledgeable on all arguments in the round as I do outside research for each resolution and judge many tournaments on each resolution.

If you want the argument to be important, then make sure I know that it is important.

Lyndsey Hinckley Paradigm

4 rounds

Updated for 2018 Cold & Flu Season: I do not shake hands with debaters after I've judged you. Just a heads up to save us both that awkward exchange at the end of the round. :)

Experience/Background: I coach at Columbus HS, primarily Public Forum. I did not debate in high school or college, but I have been coaching and judging PF since 2014, both locally (Georgia) and on the national circuit, including TOC and NSDA Nationals. Many of my students have qualified to TOC (2016-present) and NSDA Nats (2015-present) in Public Forum, and I teach at summer debate institutes--in short, even though I didn't debate personally, I know what's going on and I'm very aware of national circuit norms and trends, as well as the cornerstones of more traditional circuits.

Judging Preferences:

If you have specific questions about me as a judge, please feel free to ask them. Some general guidelines and answers to frequently asked questions are below:

1. Speed: I don't have a problem with speed for the most part. On a 1-10 scale, I can handle an 8, though you should not consider that a green light to take off at top speed. My tolerance for speed does drop when a) it is late in the day/tournament or b) I have judged more than 5ish rounds that day. I will always value the quality of your arguments over the quantity of words you may be able to squeeze into a four or two minute speech. Similarly, I understand debate jargon just fine, but if your goal in over-using debate-speak is to confuse your less-experienced opponents or muddy up a round, I'm probably not going to respond well to that.

2. Flowing: I do flow. Usually on my laptop. If I am flowing on paper, something is very wrong and you should drop your speed to around a 6, or I will miss a lot of what you're saying. I probably won't look at you much during the debate, but I am listening and flowing, and I am aware when you're attempting to make connections with me as a judge - so carry on with what you're doing.

3. Signposting and Roadmaps: Signposting is good. Please do it. It makes my job easier. Off-time roadmaps aren't really needed or helpful, at least if you're just going "their case, our case." If you're doing something complicated with overviews and observations, then roadmaps are fine and appreciated.

4. Consistency of Arguments/Making Decisions: Anything you expect me to vote on should be in summary and final focus. Defense is not "sticky." Please weigh. I can deal with a line-by-line summary, but prefer voters.

5. Prep (in-round and pre-round): Please pre-flow before you enter the round. Monitor your own prep time. If you and your opponents want to time each other to keep yourselves honest, go for it. Do not steal prep time - if you have called for a card and your opponents are looking for it, you should not be writing/prepping unless you are also running your prep time. On that note, have your evidence ready. It should not take you longer than 20-30 seconds to pull up a piece of evidence when asked. If you delay the round by taking forever to find a card, your speaker points will probably reflect it.

6. Overviews in second rebuttal: In general, I think a short observation or weighing mechanism is probably more okay than a full-fledged contention that you're trying to sneak in as an "overview". Tread lightly.

7. Frontlines: Second speaking team should answer turns and frontline in rebuttal. I don't need a 2-2 split, but I do think you need to address the speech that preceded yours. This is a newer development in my judging philosophy, so if I've judged you before...this may be a change from the past.

8. Theory: I am a really bad judge to attempt to run theory in front of. I would much rather you just debate the resolution. If you really feel it's necessary to call out some sort of theory issue, do it quickly...but don't make it the sole thing you want me to vote on, please, or spend a ton of time on it.

9. Crossfire: I do not flow crossfire. If it comes up in cross and you expect it to serve a role in my decision-making process, I expect you to bring it up in a later speech.

10. Speaker points: I basically never give 30s, so you should not expect them from me. If you ask what it takes to get a 30 from me, you'll be lucky to get a 29. I do appreciate wit.

Brandon Kendall Paradigm

4 rounds

I'm the debate coach at Starr's Mill.

I've been judging LD/PF for five years. 


I'm fine with speed, but not spreading. 

I'm receptive to any persuasive arguments and framework; therefore, a standard LD case, kritik, counterplan, etc. is fine as long as it's intelligible.   

I need to see clash--comprehensive attacking of your opponent's case and defending of your own is very important to me. 

V/VC will absolutely weigh in my decision. 

If you have questions, don't be afraid to ask me. 


I judge on whose case is the most intact by the end of the round. You should thoroughly attack and defend.

Tell me why I should prefer your evidence.

Jeffrey Miller Paradigm

2 rounds

Jeffrey Miller
Director of Speech & Debate at Marist School in Atlanta, GA (2011-present)
Director of Debate/Asst Director of Debate, Fayette County High School in Fayetteville, GA (2006-2011)

**New for 2019**

Strike me if you're not going to read cards. These are cards. (Thanks Christian Vasquez for the link) Two reasons for this - a) I am sick of having a "recess" during the debate for you to take 20 minutes finding a card you just spoke into the debate; b) I am sick of calling for cards to find that they don't match what you say. It is not hard to adapt to this standard if you do research. If you don't do research, you probably don't want me as a judge anyways.

What does this mean? In your constructive and in your rebuttal, the arguments you make should be carded and exact quotes from the author. Yes, this means you will make less arguments in the rebuttal - that is better. Card dumps are not productive for this activity. Making fewer, smarter arguments in the rebuttal will help you long term.

So what happens if we don't adapt or no one in the debate adapts? If a situation arises like the two instances above (that is, me calling for cards to clear up confusion around warrants/extrapolations made in the debate, or you can't produce evidence in a timely manner), you will lose speaker points and the debate if the evidence is egregiously miscut.

**The Rest**

Debate is hard. I expect every debater to work hard before, during and after each tournament. Working hard means cutting cards and doing research on the topic. I expect debaters to not search for shortcuts to make this easier - doing your own research and cutting your own cards will pay dividends in all of your debates. In debates I judge you, you should expect I work hard to evaluate the debate and make the best decision possible. That's my guarantee to you.

Since Public Forum is a research based activity, I expect debates to be more about evidence usage and execution than persuasive speaking. If I expect debates to be about evidence usage, the prerequisite to this is having evidence and using it. I expect all five participants in the round (myself and the four debaters) to be well read on the topic and flow the debate. You should expect me to give you constructive feedback on the ballot as well as in round after the debate.

In debates, speeches build off of each other. It would be weird if we engaged in a communication activity where we ignored what the other person did right before our speech - that's why the second rebuttal must respond to the first rebuttal and so forth. Consistency is vital in debate therefore this expectation continues into the second half. Arguments that you extend in the final focus must be in the summary.

How do I define good evidence ethics?

Every card you read within a debate should be cited (by author, not institution) and be available (almost immediately) within context for your opponent to read. Within context does not mean full text, but the full paragraph of the cited line. (Asking for the full text of the study is dumb/waste 96% of the time, because you have 2 minutes of prep and I'm sorry you don't have enough time to read the full text. I understand sometimes you want to read the conclusion, but you still can't do that within the time limits of this event for more than 1 card usually.)

Teams who cannot quickly exchange evidence should not pref me - please strike me.

Don't lie or blatantly misrepresent about your evidence, I will drop you whether or not the argument is made in the round. I define lying or blatantly misrepresenting evidence as excluding key phrases that are in the text of the document that contradict your point, using portions of evidence to make arguments the authors do not intend, etc. Indicts are not lies or misrepresentations, they're arguments. Cards that are poorly cut/don't make a good argument are just not persuasive. Don't ruin the game, it's really fun when done correctly.

Come to the debate prepared and you won't have a problem.

What is my speaker point scale?

Speaker points are earned for the arguments you make in the debate. Every debater in every round starts at a 28.0. I will move up/down on a scale with steps of 0.1 and not 0.5. You're probably not going to get a 30 from me as that means you were truly perfect. Making smart, strategic arguments is going to maximize your points from me.


Thomas Gill – 29.5 (Round 6 @ Kentucky)
Francesca Lupi – 29.4 (Round 9 @ Ivy Street RR)
Jacqueline Wei – 29.4 (Round 8 @ Ivy Street RR)
Jack Johnson – 29.4 (Round 6 @ Kentucky)
Morgan Swigert - 29.3 (Round 3 @ NDCA)
Ryan Jiang – 29.3 (Round 9 @ Ivy Street RR)
Daniel Fernandez – 29.3 (Round 6 @ Kentucky)
Noah Kaye – 29.2 (Round 6 @ Kentucky)
Izzy Wu - 29.2 (Round 3 @ NDCA)
Jennifer Lin – 29.1 (Round 8 @ Ivy Street RR)
Noah Kaye – 29.0 (Round 4 @ Blake RR)


Kentucky – 117.4 (4 debaters, 29.4 average)
Valley – 222.9 (8 debaters, 27.9 average)
Holy Cross – 444 (12 debaters, 27.8 average)
Bronx – 554.4 (20 debaters, 27.7 average)
Apple Valley – 558.9 (20 debaters, 27.9 average)
Blake – 107.5 (4 debaters, 26.8 average)
Blake RR - 227 (8 debaters, 28.4 average)
Ivy Street RR – 334.4 (12 debaters, 28.7 average)
North GA Districts - 220.9 (8 debaters, 27.6 average)
St. James - 258 (10 debaters, 25.8 average)
NDCA - 447.8 (16 debaters, 28.0 average)


UNCLOS – 29 debates (17-12 AFF)
Pharma – 7 debates (6-1 AFF)
Debt – 12 debates (7-5 AFF)
Saudi Arabia - 4 debates (3-1 AFF)
India - 6 debates (1-5 AFF)

Lee Robinson Paradigm

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Hal Roby Paradigm

4 rounds

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Melanie Sanders Paradigm

4 rounds

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Vicki Tarleton Paradigm

4 rounds

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Robert Utley Paradigm

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