Union Forensic Society Invitational

2019 — Tulsa, OK/US

Jon Baney Paradigm

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Nick Bradt Paradigm

I use to consider myself a stock issues judge....But I'm slowly moving away from it I'm good with T as long as it's done right. I'm ok with K's and CP's, But I wouldn't bank on winning with that alone. Also I prefer closed CX...and I REALY prefer closed constructive and rebuttals. Spreading is fine as long as I can understand the tag lines.

Tyler Cauley Paradigm

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Robert Lawrence Paradigm

8 rounds



This is the paradigm sheet I filled out on the wiki for nationals in Dallas 6 or 8 years ago. It's still fairly accurate, but I've probably evolved a little. Generally, what you need to know about me is that I was once very active at the regional level in debate, but as I've gotten older I now attend one or two tournaments a year at most. As such, I'll admit that I may not be current on the latest debate theory or arguments, but I've been around long enough to pick up most of what's going on. I pride myself on trying as hard as possible to avoid intervention and going by the flow. However, I will not abide disrespect towards other competitors, judges, or coaches. Have fun, fight hard, don't be a jerk.

Debate Background -- 4 years Charles Page HS outside of Tulsa, OK, 4 years at Northeastern State University in Tahlequah, OK.  Coached 1 year at Ponca City HS, OK. 10 years running a lab at Cameron University. I've also coached or assisted with programs in the Tulsa area (Jenks and Charles Page), and judged fairly consistently for 15 years.

Generally, I'd say my high school experience consisted of mostly in-state competition, with 6 or so trips to national circuit tournaments where we broke a few times. My college experience is mostly in CEDA at regional tournaments with some national circuit exposure.

Paradigm -- I've called myself tabula rasa for a long time. I prefer the debaters to explain why debate ought to function with their framework. However, I view nearly all theory arguments as paradigm debate. If you tell me on Topicality that theory shouldn't be considered because it takes away from the substantive parts of the debate, I'm going to remember that on your kritik or counterplan. Hence, the paradigm debate is ever present.

Kritiks -- I'll listen to any kritik, but my preference is for something that is at least related to the case or resolution. I also think that kritiks that have a consciousness raising element to them (changing the mind of the judge as an impact) have a higher burden because you then have to actually convince ME of it's validity, rather than arguing it would change the mind of potential others. I also think kritiks have become a crutch in debate. Once they are in the round, everything else seems to revolve around them, which makes good debate on the disad or case scenario less likely, although I have seen some excellent K rounds too. Consequently, I can be persuaded with good framework debate. You don't get a pass, but I'd love to see a round with solid scenario debate once in awhile.

Delivery -- I don't mind speed as long as it's clear. I really hate arrogance. You can win without being rude. I will tank speaker points for rudeness, I will not listen to hate speech or abusive language. You will lose. I have ignored an occasional slipped curse word, so long as it isn't hateful or becomes a habit. There's a huge difference in my mind between "Oh sh*t I forgot the perm" and using racist, sexist or homophobic language. By the way, that is NOT an invitation. It's still unprofessional.

Zach LeClair Paradigm

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Jessica Matthews Paradigm

I am a policy coach with a little experience with Lincoln Douglas. This year was my first year to coach public forum. My favorite debates don’t take us down a rabbit hole that has nothing to do with the topic. I can flow spreading but would like the tags and sources clear. If you point out a card over and over I will want to see it. The first thing I will read is what you (or your opponent) didn’t read to make sure the card isn’t out of context.

Will Mercer Paradigm

Email: will.mercer98@gmail.com

I debated 3 years at Maize High and am currently in my fourth year of assistant coaching also at Maize High.


Make sure that you are visible on your webcam and that you are using a mic setup that is consistent (i.e. don't move your mic closer and further away to your mouth during your speech). If you are able, try to stand while speaking, it'll help you with breath support. If you have any tech/accessibility issues in this format just let me know before the round so I can help accommodate!


The K

I will listen to and evaluate kritikal args (including performance affs) but there are probably better judges out there if you're a K team. Obviously I will evaluate run-of-the-mill Ks like Cap and Foucault, but don't assume I know all about your cyber queer theory matrix argument. Accessibility is a very important part of any kritik. That being said, a team that is obviously knowledgeable about the kritik they are running and does a good job at framing the round and providing alt solvency can certainly win. However, I will vote on no link to the K and I will default to policy impacts unless the framing debate is done well. Answer direct questions in cx, try not to perf con or change advocacy stances between speeches (obviously you can kick out of the K but some of those things might haunt you on other flows). I don't love K v. K debates (framework makes the game work) but do what you must.

CPs and DAs

There absolutely is such a thing as a cheating counterplan. Competitive CPs only please. I like PICs bad arguments and I will often vote on them unless the neg can prove competition/lack of abuse in round. Be sure to have a net ben (internal or external) and articulate what it is, I've seen far too many CPs without them gone for. For the aff I don't love hearing a laundry list of every perm you can think of, read and articulate perms that actually test competitiveness (i.e. "perm do the aff" isn't a thing). DAs should be unique.


I have no threshold for the amount of conditional CPs or Ks or whatever the neg wants to run. However, if the aff wants to read abuse or condo bad I will certainly listen to it. Watch out for perf cons.


Explain your definitions and make sure the card you use has warrants that actually state (or strongly imply) your interp. Competing interps need to be evaluated in terms of both the definition's contextual value as well as the warrants of the definition read. Explain your limits/ground. No laundry list here, articulate how exactly in-round abuse has occurred or how what the plan text justifies is bad. Explain your voters. Yep, fairness and education are super rad but what has actually occurred to effect either of these things in the round. If you want to read and actually go for T, I need to see contextual work done early and often. Avoid using buzzwords unless they actually mean something.

Theory (General)

In terms of other theory arguments like framing, disclosure, etc. I need to have voters and I need those voters to be proven more important than evaluating the policy. If a teams wins on the theory level but does not provide adequate voting reasons why this is important or does not provide reason as to why theory evaluation should predicate policy, I will ignore the theory debate in favor of policy impacts. I really don't want you to do those things, I really enjoy good theory debate. Make sure to articulate the sequential order of evaluation when multiple theoretical stances are being taken. On this note, RVIs are a thing but need to be weighed against the initial theory claim.


CX isn't binding unless you say it is. I'm fine with asserting arguments during this time but, if it's clear you're using this time to have an 11 minute speech, I won't be very happy with you. Don't make this a shouting match please, otherwise I'm just going to ignore both teams and nobody wants that. We're all friends here.


I am okay with speed in basically every instance except for when we get to theory args made on the flow that need explanation. If it's intricate and not in the speech doc slow it down a bit, it will help you if I can understand what's going on. That being said I'd prefer you be organized, clear, and slow instead of messy, unintelligible, and fast. I won't ever give up on your speech if you have a hard time with clarity, but just know I may not pick up all of your arguments (obviously a bad thing for you).

Noah Schrick Paradigm

8 rounds

Noah Schrick
Experience: 5 years of high school debate at Tulsa-Union (OK), volunteer for UDL in Tulsa.
Email: nschrick98@gmail.com

Paradigm –

Policy/Traditional Affs –
No objection to these. I think these can be some of the most developed and strategic affs. That being said, shady or loose internal links is a pretty easy way for me to vote neg on presump.

Topicality –
All for it. 5 minutes of T in the 2NR is a very valid strat. If you do go for T, be sure to impact your standards out. In addition, don't just make blanket, generic impact claims such as, "this is bad for education." I think that education and fairness are impacts, but also internal links to external issues. Why is education important? Why should we care about fairness? Be sure to explain these.
Refer to speed section.

Theory –
Also all for it. I’ll vote for any theory argument as long as you can fully explain why I should vote for it. Granted, I'll have a higher threshold for a crazy, off the wall arg, however I will still vote for it if it is explained well enough and impacted out.
I default to reject the arg unless there is substantial work done to explain why I should go otherwise, or there is a prejudice made by a team that is interfering with the debate.
Refer to speed section.

Framework –
Will gladly vote on it. I do think RoBs are arbitrary. Both teams usually present them in a way to exclude the other. Majority of the time, no real clash occurs from these.
Refer to speed section.

K Affs/Non-Traditional –
Go for it. Would prefer it was germane to the topic, however. Not a necessity.
Disclaimer: I am not completely up-to-date with identity args and authors. That being said, I have no issues with these. Just make sure that rather than spitting author names at me, or identity jargon, explain it to me. I'm not lay and I'm not completely clueless on identity, but do explain the world of the aff and explain what the args mean. You can usually tell if I'm following based off my facial expressions.

CP –
All CPs are fine. With that in mind, if you read a rider, delay, or any other counterplan along those lines, be ready to defend theory since I'll have a higher threshold. CPs must also be competitive and have a net benefit. It will take a lot of work to convince me to vote for a CP just because it has good solvency with no additional benefits.
Aff: if you read theory on a CP, be sure to explain why the CP in question is bad, not just the type of CP (Example: I'll vote on Intl' CP Fiat Bad, but I will be much more likely to buy China/Russia/Japan Fiat Bad)

DA –
Specifics over generic. I will vote for generic DA’s/links, but it will be much easier to sway me to not vote for them if it is generic. No link args made by aff will be harder to overcome for generics.

K –
Reading the same K shell every round won’t cut it. Whether you have cards specific for the aff case or not, you need to apply the K in terms of the aff. If you can read back 1AC/2AC cards or quotes and link it back to the K, it will go a long way for your link analysis. I really don’t like to vote on link of omissions, but I will if you can convince me why I should. Expect to put in time to convince me to vote on those; a couple sentences won’t get the job done. Don’t just repeat alt taglines at me, contextualize it in terms of the aff/round/world/whatever.
Refer to K aff section in regards to identity.

Speed –
Don’t shotgun theory/t/fw args. If you read 5 blippy analytical arguments that you believe are all key reasons why I should vote for your args, but you read them all in rapid succession without stopping for a breath and you still expect me to catch and flow every single one, I won’t. If I don’t catch it, I won’t flow it. Clarity comes before speed. Taglines should be presented with a change in pitch or volume.
Debaters tend to spread paragraphs of analytical args and expect me to flow every word. If you do have these paragraphs, slow down a tad so that I can write it. You don't need to talk in a normal speaking voice, but at least slow down a little.
That being said, I am okay with speed, despite what you might interpret from that. Don’t be afraid to read quickly in front of me. If you think you could flow it, then I will probably be able to as well.


-Overflows > Underflows. But also, I just don't like underflows in general.
-Prep ends when the drive leaves the computer or when the email is sent. -I love Clever technical tricks/kicks/cross-applications. This will get a major boost in speaks from me. -CX is binding.
-Don’t clip cards. This should be obvious and applies to every round.
-If you’re kicking an advocacy such as a CP or an alt, be sure to say so.
-If there’s an email chain, go ahead and put me in it.
-Cross-Ex: Be aggressive, not rude. Yes, there’s a difference.
-Don’t mock or be distracting during someone else’s speech. I will dock speaker points if I deem it necessary

Speaker points –
30: Probably the best speaker at the tournament
29.5+: Getting a speaker award
29+: Has a few mistakes, but is still a fantastic speaker
28.5+: More mistakes, but still above average
28+: About average, could’ve handled some things differently or improved on speaking quality
27.5+: Many mistakes
27+: Many larger mistakes
26: Made huge errors that affected the outcome of my decision
Below a 26: Behavior, actions, or words that are harmful or hateful towards a people or a person directly. Also given for those that don’t fully participate

Tyler Stolt Paradigm

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