Christopher McDonald

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Paradigm Statement
Last changed 9 September 2022 3:01 AM CDT

Chris McDonald (He/Him) - chris.mcdonald@district196.org

Use the above email for any email chains during the round. 

Head Coach Eagan High School in Minnesota

While I mainly have coached and judged Policy Debate for the past 35 years I do judge my fair share of LD and Public Forum Debate Rounds.

Policy Debate -  Please know that while I used to judge a lot of rounds throughout the season in policy debate it has been 5 years since I judged more than just a handful of policy rounds. I do work with my school's varsity policy team.

My philosophy has pretty much remained consistent throughout my career. I consider policy debate to be a test of policy based ideas between two teams. How those teams approach the topic and frame the debate is entirely up to them. Below are a few things to know about me on some specifics but please know my primary objective is for us to have an enjoyable round of debate.

Delivery Speed - Since it has been a few years for me since last judging lots of policy debate my ability to listen to really fast debate has faded. Please keep it to a slightly slower speed of delivery especially using the online platforms. I will let you know if you are unclear or going too fast by verbally indicating such during your speech. On a scale of 1 to 10 with 1 being oratory speed and 10 being approaching the sound barrier (only joking here) I would place myself as a 7 these days.

Topicality - I enjoy a good topicality debate but have found that over the years teams are taking too many shortcuts with the initial development of the topicality violation. I prefer topicality to have a clear definition, a clearly developed violation, standards for evaluating the violation and reasons why it is a voting issue. For the affirmative side you really need to engage with the topicality violation and provide a counter interpretation that supports your interpretation of the resolution. Topicality is distinct from framework.

Framework - I also enjoy evaluating a debate when framework is clearly articulated and argued by both the affirmative and negative sides. Framework is focused around how you would like me to evaluate the arguments in the round. Do you prefer a consequentialist framework, a deontological framework, etc..

Critiques - I am fine with critical approaches by the negative and the affirmative sides. For the affirmative please keep in mind that you will need to defend your critical affirmative as either a topical representation of criminal justice reform or why it is important for us to debate your affirmative even if it isn't necessarily within the boundaries of the topic.

Flow - Please label all arguments and positions clearly throughout the debate. Signposting has become a lost art. Debaters doing an effective job of signposting and labeling will be rewarded with higher speaker points.

Disadvantages - Please be certain to articulate your links clearly and having clear internal links helps a great deal.

Counter plans - I think counter plans are an essential tool for negative teams. Please note that I am not a big fan of multiple conditional counter plans. Running a couple of well developed counter plans is better than running 4 or 5 underdeveloped counter plans. Counter plans should have a text to compete against the affirmative plan text.

Theory - General theory in debate rounds like conditionality and that are fine but have rarely been round winners without a lot of time devoted to why theory should be considered over substance.

If you have any questions please let me know and I will happily answer those questions.

Lincoln Douglas

1. I am not a fan of theory as it plays out in LD debate rounds. Most of the theory that is argued is pretty meaningless when it comes to the topics at hand. I will only consider topicality if the affirmative is presenting a plan text in the round. I ask that the debaters debate the topic as it is written and not as they would like it to be. 

2. Beyond my dislike for theory you are free to pretty much debate the round as you see fit. Please keep your speed to a level where you are clear especially considering buffering time with online platforms you should probably slow down from what you think you are capable of during in-person debates.

3. Evidence should be shared using an email chain. Please include me at chris.mcdonald@district196.org

4. If you have specific questions please ask. I will disclose at the end of the round but I will also respect the tournaments schedule and work to keep it on time.

Public Forum

1. Evidence is very important to me. I prefer direct quotation of evidence over paraphrasing but understand that paraphrasing is allowed in PF. Please make note of the new NSDA rule regarding paraphrasing. Source Citations: make sure that you present enough of a source citation that I should have no problem locating the evidence you present in the round. This would include the author or periodical name and date at a minimum. So we are clear Harvard in 2014 is not a source citation. Harvard is a really great University but has, to my knowledge never written a word without the assistance of some human that attends or works at Harvard.

2. There is to be no game playing with regards to evidence sharing during or after the round. If you are asked for evidence by your opponents you must produce it in a timely manner or I will discount the evidence and only treat the argument as an unsubstantiated assertion on your part. Even if it means handing over one of your laptops you must provide evidence for inspection by the other team so that they may evaluate it and respond to the evidence in subsequent speeches.

3. Prep Time - you are only provided with 3 minutes of prep time. Please use it wisely. I will only give a little latitude with regards to untimed evidence sharing or organizing your flows, but please be efficient and quick about it.

4. Argument choices are completely up to the debaters. I prefer a good substantive debate with clear clash and that the debaters compare and weigh the arguments they feel are important for their side to prevail as the debate comes into focus but the substance of those arguments is completely within the control of the teams debating.

5. Please respect your opponents and treat everyone involved in the debate round with the utmost respect. Speaker points will be effected by any rude behavior on the part of a debater.

6. I will disclose and discuss my decision at the end of the round so long as there is time and the tournament stays on schedule.

7. Finally, please remember to have fun and enjoy the experience.

Full Judging Record
Tournament Lv Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
MDTA Jamboree HS 2022-09-24 VPF R5 Wayzata GL East Ridge BS Neg
MDTA Jamboree HS 2022-09-24 VPF R4 Eastview NH Eden Prairie GK Aff
MDTA Jamboree HS 2022-09-24 VPF R3 Moorhead WE Eastview BP Aff
MDTA Jamboree HS 2022-09-24 JVPF R1 Benilde-St. Margaret's HM East Ridge RS Aff
Mid America Cup HS 2022-09-23 Pol Semis Winston Churchill DC Lexington GB Aff Neg 2-1
Mid America Cup HS 2022-09-23 Pol R5 Dripping Springs DC Dowling Catholic CS Neg
Mid America Cup HS 2022-09-23 Pol R4 Edina MG Rowland Hall SK Neg
National Speech and Debate Season Opener HS 2022-09-10 PD V R3 Lexington WT Montgomery Bell BJ Aff
National Speech and Debate Season Opener HS 2022-09-10 PD V R2 Montgomery Bell KR Lexington LW Aff
National Speech and Debate Season Opener HS 2022-09-10 PD V R1 Montgomery Bell HM Baltimore City DS Neg
Section 4AAA HS 2022-01-04 PF R1 110 100 Aff
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2021-12-17 PFRR Semifi Hackley YY Ransom Everglades RT Con Pro 3-2
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2021-12-17 PFRR R5 Walt Whitman DP Ransom Everglades RT Con Con 2-0
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2021-12-17 PFRR R4 Blake TW Ransom Everglades RG Pro Pro 2-0
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2021-12-17 PFRR R2 Seven Lakes HC Hackley YY Con Con 2-0
Southern Minnesota District Tournament HS 2021-11-19 CX R8 Kassem & Beyer Mirza & Herzer Neg Neg 3-0
Central Minnesota District Tournament HS 2021-11-19 PF R7 Sohan Addagudi & Yonis Hashi John Schwendinger & Evan Violette Con Con 3-0
Southern Minnesota District Tournament HS 2021-11-19 PF R7 Shapiro & Jiang Olson & Redmond Neg Neg 2-1
Central Minnesota District Tournament HS 2021-11-19 PF R6 Sohan Addagudi & Yonis Hashi Spencer Burris-Brown & Jack Hlavka Pro Con 2-1
Central Minnesota District Tournament HS 2021-11-19 PF R5 Malaya Galindez & Caden Hubbs John Schwendinger & Evan Violette Pro Pro 2-1
Farmington Invitational HS 2021-11-05 VLD R5 Robbinsdale Armstrong Daniella Mints Robbinsdale Cooper Fatima Koroma Neg
Farmington Invitational HS 2021-11-05 NLD R4 Blaine Sean Faerber St Michael Albertville Wyatt Klement Aff
Farmington Invitational HS 2021-11-05 NLD R2 Maple Grove Sofia Fooks Edina Catherine Ingrisone Neg
Farmington Invitational HS 2021-11-05 NLD R1 Edina Shanaya Jana Blaine Grace Kennington Neg
Southside Invitational at Humboldt High School HS 2021-10-16 CNov R3 Farmington KC Edina DF Aff
Southside Invitational at Humboldt High School HS 2021-10-16 CNov R1 Edina KT St Paul Central KL Neg
UMN High School Invitational HS 2021-10-08 RF R1 Washburn Jama Ahmed & Niya Traynham St Paul Central Kieran Levitre & Amelia Orezzoli-Robinson & Sof Neg Aff 2-1
2021 Virtual Lakeville Lucky Duck HS 2021-10-02 RCX R3 Edina KP St Francis SB Aff
2021 Virtual Lakeville Lucky Duck HS 2021-10-02 RCX R1 St Francis OS Edina CA Neg
Mid America Cup HS 2021-09-24 PF Octos Summit Guo & Cohn American Heritage Broward Zhang & Kwon Pro Pro 3-0
Michigan Summer Institutes HS 2021-07-28 POL R5 K-LAB AW BFHPR BM Neg
Michigan Summer Institutes HS 2021-07-28 POL R4 Maze Peters Hybrid SY Neg
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX D-Octs Lansing AS Stuyvesant RN Neg Neg 3-0
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX R5 St Andrew's Episcopal DL Corner Canyon BH Aff Aff 3-0
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX R4 Iris Zhou Greenwood Laboratory KW Aff Aff 3-0
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 BT BT CX Ballot Test SF Ballot Test TO Aff Aff 149-58
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX R3 Lexington BO Campus GR Aff Neg 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX R2 McDonogh WH Kickapoo MK Neg Neg 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 CX R1 Shawnee Mission West WW North Allegheny RT Aff Aff 3-0
Heart of Texas HS 2021-02-27 JVCX R6 Westwood GS Caddo Magnet SH Neg
Heart of Texas HS 2021-02-27 JVCX R5 Jesuit MN Westwood TT Aff
Heart of Texas HS 2021-02-27 JVCX R3 St Mark's School of Texas KZ Peninsula NL Aff
Heart of Texas HS 2021-02-27 JVCX R1 St Mark's School of Texas BG Glenbrook South SW Neg
MSHSL Section 4 PFLDPolicy Tournament HS 2021-01-09 PF R3 Spencer Burris-Brown & Jack Hlavka Ava Olson & Alessandro Perri Neg
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2020-12-18 LD R6 Apple Valley KW Neenah IH Aff
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2020-12-18 LD R5 Summit MR Apple Valley MA Neg
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2020-12-18 LD R4 Neenah SH Minnetonka CL Neg
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2020-12-18 LD R2 Minnetonka JB Presentation MS Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate HS 2019-11-08 JVLD R4 Rosemount CP Lake Highland Prep SS Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate HS 2019-11-08 JVLD R3 St Michael Albertville CM St. Louis Park KQ Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate HS 2019-11-08 JVLD R2 Hopkins AL West Des Moines Valley BT Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate HS 2019-11-08 JVLD R1 Apple Valley DG Strake Jesuit NA Aff
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R5 4161 4195 Pro Pro 3-0
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R5 4144 4072 Con Con 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R3 4091 4066 Con Pro 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R3 4104 4150 Con Con 3-0
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R2 4145 4160 Pro Con 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R1 4184 4035 Con Con 3-0
NCFL Grand Nationals HS 2019-05-25 PF R1 4087 4190 Con Con 3-0
MSHSL Section 4 Debate Tournament HS 2019-01-12 PF R6 Maple Grove A Blake A Neg
MSHSL Section 4 Debate Tournament HS 2019-01-12 PF R5 Maple Grove B East Ridge B Neg
MSHSL Section 4 Debate Tournament HS 2019-01-12 PF R3 Blake B Maple Grove A Aff
MSHSL Section 4 Debate Tournament HS 2019-01-12 PF R1 SPA A Maple Grove B Aff
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2018-12-14 PF R5 SF Roosevelt GS Edina RF Con
Southern Minnesota District Tournament HS 2018-11-14 PF R4 Lakeville South GN Edina ZM Aff Neg 2-1
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF Finals Blake Swigert & Wu Millard North Shelton & Niu Pro Con 2-1
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF Semis Millard North Shelton & Niu SPA McCauley & Singh Pro Pro 3-0
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF Quarte Blake Swigert & Wu Edina Maheshwari & Wu Pro Pro 3-0
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF Octos Blake Olson & Perri Ames Mkhitaryan & Aydinyan Con Con 3-0
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R6 Edina Rewalliwar & Fu Poly Prep Country Day Perry & Leduc Pro
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R6 Evanston Twp Johnson & Ward Poly Prep Country Day Meyer & Dey Meyer Con
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R5 Blake Enebo & Florida Johnston Siebert & Kumar Con
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R5 Lincoln Thompson & Johnson Blake Mohan & Wang Con
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R4 Lakeville McCoy & Gerlach Oak Park and River Forest Gajewski & Sidime Pro
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R4 Blake Hemphill & Pradhan SPA McCauley & Singh Con
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R2 Lake Highland Prep Shaikh & Bhatt Lakeville Husnik & Cook Pro
Mid America Cup HS 2018-09-21 PF R2 Edina Jones & Maynor Blake Swigert & Wu Con
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF Quarte Acton Boxborough GL Blake GJ Pro Pro 2-1
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF Double Livingston KR Ames AM Con Con 2-1
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF Double Westridge BM Nueva RM Pro Con 2-1
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 PF RR R7 Capitol BC Theodore Roosevelt AC Con
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF Triple Nueva SY DuPont Manual SP Pro Pro 2-1
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF R6 Edina MW Thomas S. Wootton SZ Pro
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 PF RR R6 Hawken GL Lake Mary Prep HM Pro
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF R5 Ravenwood WN DuPont Manual CR Con
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF R4 Nueva SW DuPont Manual JS Pro
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF R3 Henry Clay CO University GY Con
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 PF RR R2 Edgemont KS American Heritage Plantation CZ Con
National Speech and Debate Season Opener hosted by UK HS 2018-09-07 VPF R2 Cambridge JK Brentwood AM Pro
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School HS 2017-12-15 PF R5 Madison West JW Fairmont Prep KR Con
Institute for Speech and Debate Florida 2016-07-27 PFD Rd 6 Boley & Gregory Ergungor & Horwath Con
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Sems Davis & Schaar Gibbs & Palmer Pro Pro 9-0
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Quarte Korrapati & Wood Brandt & Zhu Pro Pro 3-0
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Rd 4 Primus & Pilgrom Camacho & Cobb Con
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Rd 4 Korrapati & Wood Sridhar & Garg Pro
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Rd 2 Choe & Burgin Silvey & Nguyen Con
Institute for Speech and Debate Charlotte 2016-07-13 PFD Rd 2 Melnikoff & Cleghorn Schaeffer & Tischer Pro
Tournament of Champions HS 2016-04-30 PF Oct Mission San Jose KW Columbus PY Con Pro 2-1
Tournament of Champions HS 2016-04-30 PF R7 Oakwood BG Horace Mann GO Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2016-04-30 PF R6 Green Valley AP Ft. Lauderdale HS Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2016-04-30 PF R5 Nova PR Trinity Prep FP Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2016-04-30 PF R4 College Prep WW Pinecrest MI Pro
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R6 Miami Beach WK Nova KF Pro
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R6 Delbarton AH Pinecrest IM Pro
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R4 Boca Raton Community MR Delbarton ST Con
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R4 John Paul II PR University School Ohio MA Con
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R3 Nova RP Mason PR Pro
42nd Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2016-02-11 VPF R3 Regis HS Albuquerque LH Pro
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF Sextos Nova RP Miami Beach Senior KW Con Con 3-0
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF Sextos Millard North HJ Durham LP Con Con 3-0
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R6 Evanston WB Lake Highland Prep LF Con
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R6 North Allegheny AN George Washington CQ Con
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R5 Potomac CB duPont Manual SM Pro
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R5 Oak Hall GS College Prep ML Pro
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R4 NSU University ER McDowell SP Con
The Glenbrooks HS 2015-11-21 PF R4 Waring PK Delbarton MG Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2015-04-25 PF Oct Miami Beach Senior SM Ft. Lauderdale HS Pro Pro 3-0
Tournament of Champions HS 2015-04-25 PF R7 Walt Whitman AA Miami Beach Senior SM Pro
Tournament of Champions HS 2015-04-25 PF R5 Bronx Science CD Nueva SM Pro
Tournament of Champions HS 2015-04-25 PF R4 Princeton MO Bronx Science BZ Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2015-04-25 PF R3 Lake Mary Prep SW Harker SL Pro
Twin Cities Round Robin HS 2014-12-21 RR R5 Blake BG University School FL BG Con Con 2-1
Twin Cities Round Robin HS 2014-12-21 RR R3 Stuyvesant KU American Heritage Plantation BB Con Con 2-1
Twin Cities Round Robin HS 2014-12-21 RR R2 University School OH AB Marist AM Pro Pro 3-0
Twin Cities Round Robin HS 2014-12-21 RR R1 Harker KB Delbarton BT Con Con 3-0
Judge Certifications
https://speechanddebate.org/judge-training
Cultural Competency

Judge attests they have taken the NFHS Cultural Competency Judge Training course. Required of all judges at NSDA tournaments.

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nsda-demographics

NSDA Demographics Questionnaire

NSDA Nationals Demographics Questionnaire. Optional form requested of all judges.

NSDA
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