Justin Harbour Paradigm

Last changed 18 November 2020 3:58 PM EST

I have been judging and coaching Lincoln-Douglas debate for 5 years. Based on what I’ve learned and my interpretation of the unique aspects of Lincoln-Douglas debate, the following describes my judging paradigm.

Lincoln-Douglas DSebate debate is a clash of values. The value represents a means to a world “as it should be.” Thus, the debater that proves persuasively that their case would advance the world to a point that is closer to what it should be best will likely win the round. Here are some specific points that I believe are important to help persuade me:

  1. Analysis – The debater will clearly present a logical argument and also effectively refute the opponent’s case. A better case will also leave me with fewer unanswered questions about the case and the connections between its evidence and argument. A better case will also demonstrate clearly the debater's thoughtfulness in preparing a well-rounded case capable of sustaining itself in the face of a persistent inquisition about its evidence-based arguments and its ability to persuade me to believe that their case renders the world a better place than the alternative being presented in the round.
  2. Proof – There should be a sufficient quantity of high-quality evidence to support the case. More evidence is not always better. Connections between contentions and values should be explicit and clear.
  3. Organization - There should be a logical and orderly presentation throughout the round.
  4. Refutation/ Clash – The better debater will demonstrate the ability to critically analyze the opponent’s arguments and develop clear and logical responses with the effective use of evidence and examples.
  5. Delivery – The speech must be understandable, interesting, and persuasive. An LD debater should demonstrate effective oral communication skills including effective reading; clear and understandable delivery; persuasive vocal argumentation; presence; and eye contact. “Spreading” during rounds is discouraged for this reason – instead of overwhelming your opponent with speed that renders you unintelligible, a superior ability to identify and present the best arguments concisely is a much better representation of analytical acumen and the intent of LD debate.

The above criteria apply to progressive debaters as well. For any debaters who wish to advance a progressive case: please understand that I will likely find it difficult to understand and judge your progressive case as effectively as a more experienced judge. Do not interpret my difficulty in judging a progressive case on its merits as a sign of disrespect or disinterest. Conversely, I am typically quite fascinated by such cases. However, my interest in and respect for well-developed progressive cases does not render my ability to judge them reasonably or adequately any more likely. For any progressive cases, please note, therefore, that while I will do my best to judge your case, there is likely to be much of it that I struggle to integrate into my evaluation, try as I might.

Good luck to all competitors. I look forward to observing, critiquing, and judging your rounds.

Best,

JH

Full Judging Record

Tournament Lv Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
NCFL Grand National Tournament HS 2021-05-26 LD 1 Neenah IH Reservoir ZZ Neg Neg 2-1
PHSSL State Championships HS 2021-03-13 EXD Quart BM Liam Carnahan BE Riya Lakhani Prop Prop 3-0
PHSSL State Championships HS 2021-03-13 PAR R4 AW Nahata & Viswanathan EC Will & Stovall Opp
PHSSL State Championships HS 2021-03-13 PAR R2 AW Kusumanchi & Thornton AD Kethavath & Reddy Gov
PCFL Varsity Finals and National Qualifiers HS 2021-02-25 VLD R4 114 121 Neg Neg 3-0
PCFL Varsity Finals and National Qualifiers HS 2021-02-25 VLD R2 124 113 Neg Neg 2-1
PCFL Varsity Finals and National Qualifiers HS 2021-02-25 VLD R1 125 116 Aff Aff 3-0
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2021-02-21 LD R6 610 613 Aff Neg 2-1
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2021-02-21 LD R3 602 618 Aff Aff 2-1
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2021-02-21 LD R2 601 608 Neg Neg 3-0
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2021-02-21 LD R1 622 611 Aff Aff 3-0
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2021-02-04 JVLD R4 Collegiate HC Chaminade ZS Neg
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2021-02-04 JVLD R3 Hunterdon Central IC Oakton CS Neg
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2021-02-04 JVLD R2 Broad Run PK East Chapel Hill YG Aff
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2021-02-04 JVLD R1 Oakton SA Unionville AS Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational 2020 HS 2020-12-10 LD Quarte State College Area SD Pennsbury GB Aff Neg 2-1
La Salle Forum Invitational 2020 HS 2020-12-10 LD R1 Unionville RK William Tennent EM Neg
Villiger 41 HS 2020-11-19 VLD Semis Unionville DJ Collegiate PJ Aff Aff 2-1
Villiger 41 HS 2020-11-19 VLD Quarte Unionville DJ Woodrow Wilson CO Aff Aff 3-0
Villiger 41 HS 2020-11-19 VLD R5 Pennsbury GB Woodrow Wilson DT Aff
Villiger 41 HS 2020-11-19 NLD R3 Lexington AW Collegiate WN Aff
Villiger 41 HS 2020-11-19 VLD R1 Walt Whitman HW Cary EW Aff
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2020-03-06 LD R3 162 197 Neg Neg 3-0
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2020-03-06 LD R2 307 196 Neg Neg 3-0
Valley Forge District Tournament HS 2020-03-06 LD R1 219 213 Aff Aff 2-1
PHSSL Districts 11 and 12 HS 2020-02-22 12LD R2 AA 511 AB 510 Aff
PHSSL Districts 11 and 12 HS 2020-02-22 12PFD R1 AG 521 AE 522 Pro
45th University of Pennsylvania Tournament HS 2020-02-07 VLD Quarte Unionville LI Hunter NK Aff Neg 2-1
45th University of Pennsylvania Tournament HS 2020-02-07 VLD Octs Hill NL Unionville LI Neg Neg 3-0
45th University of Pennsylvania Tournament HS 2020-02-07 VLD R5 Ridge GK Unionville AM Aff
45th University of Pennsylvania Tournament HS 2020-02-07 VLD R1 Wellington KA Langley IB Neg
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 LD Semis Unionville SN William Tennent NS Neg Neg 3-0
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 NLD Quarte Oakton PT Strath Haven AM Neg Aff 2-1
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 LD Octos Collegiate AM Unionville MA Aff Aff 3-0
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 NLD R4 Lexington AA Northern Valley JS Neg
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 NLD R4 Oakland Catholic LSm Council Rock North KU Neg
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 LD R3 Stone Ridge School of the Sacred Heart ST Baltimore City LF Aff
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 LD R3 Oakton WG Loyola Blakefield TM Aff
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2020-01-31 NLD R1 Council Rock North ES Oakland Catholic LS Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 JVLD R4 Truman SN State MD Neg
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 JVLD R4 Unionville SN State JD Neg
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 VLD R3 Wilmington Charter LH Unionville DJ Neg
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 VLD R3 Unionville AP Pittsburgh Central Catholic GR Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 JVLD R2 Strath Haven JG State EI Neg
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 JVLD R2 State PT Abington Heights CA Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 VLD R1 William Tennent NS Abington Heights JW Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2019-12-13 VLD R1 State AT Harriton AH Aff
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD Quarte Collegiate PJ Woodrow Wilson SR Neg Aff 2-1
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD Octos Bronx Science NG Woodrow Wilson CA Neg Aff 2-1
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD R5 Holy Ghost Prep MM Dallastown AR Neg
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD R5 Cary EW Woodrow Wilson TM Neg
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD R3 Thomas Edison Energy Smart Charter RZ Haverford JY Neg
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD R3 Southern Lehigh MN Cary EX Neg
Villiger 40 Saint Josephs University HS 2019-11-23 LD R1 Woodrow Wilson CO' Unionville LI Neg
William Tennent Invitational HS 2019-11-02 VLD R4 William Tennent SS Unionville MP Neg
William Tennent Invitational HS 2019-11-02 VLD R3 CR North JZ Unionville DJ Aff
William Tennent Invitational HS 2019-11-02 VLD R2 CR North JL Solebury LM Aff
William Tennent Invitational HS 2019-11-02 VLD R1 New Oxford SR CR North AS Aff
PCFL at Truman 2019 HS 2019-10-26 JVLD R3 CR North MM Pennsbury PK Neg
PCFL at Truman 2019 HS 2019-10-26 VLD R2 CR North SS SciCore DK Neg
PCFL at Truman 2019 HS 2019-10-26 JVLD R1 CR North EK Unionville CC Neg
45th Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2019-02-16 VLD R5 Chaminade CB Asheville MG Aff
Just January PCFL at Archbishop Wood HS 2019-01-25 JVLD R3 CR North RF Unionville CM Aff
Just January PCFL at Archbishop Wood HS 2019-01-25 JVLD R2 CR North MM Unionville AA Aff
Just January PCFL at Archbishop Wood HS 2019-01-25 VLD R1 Unionville DJ Bishop Shanahan BR Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2018-12-08 JVLD Quarte Unionville CM State AT Neg Neg 3-0
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2018-12-08 JVLD R3 State AT Strath Haven MP Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2018-12-08 JVLD R3 State VZ Strath Haven MR Aff
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2018-12-08 VLD R1 Dallastown NK State AW Neg
La Salle Forum Invitational HS 2018-12-08 VLD R1 Dallastown AR Bishop Shanahan BR Aff
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD Semis Woodrow Wilson ES Cary WA Aff Aff 2-1
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD Quarte Bronx HS Of Science WF Unionville LI Aff Aff 3-0
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD R5 Ridge TN Unionville DJ Aff
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD R4 Holy Ghost Prep AH Achievement First Brooklyn DD Neg
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD R3 Achievement First Brooklyn CE Dallastown RPa Neg
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD R2 Bronx HS Of Science WF Collegiate PJ Aff
Villiger 39 St Josephs University HS 2018-11-17 LD R1 Danville Area EH Woodrow Wilson TM Neg
William Tennent Invitational HS 2018-11-03 VLD Final William Tennent NS CR North AS Aff Aff 3-0
William Tennent Invitational HS 2018-11-03 JVLD Semi Unionville DJ Hunterdon Central AE Aff Aff 3-0
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 VLD R5 Rocky Mountain CS King AB Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 VLD R3 McDowell ZK Ridge KT Neg
PCFL No Suit November at Academy at Palumbo HS 2017-11-09 VLD R3 CR North JZ Bishop Shanahan BR Aff
PCFL No Suit November at Academy at Palumbo HS 2017-11-09 VLD R1 William Tennent EK CR North FT Aff