Peter Rehani Paradigm

Last changed 11/15 7:42P CDT

Peter Rehani

UPDATED 11/15/19: Clarified evidence policy and paradigm comprehension reward.

UPDATED 5/25/19 for NCFL NATIONALS SPECIFICALLY: Regarding prep time, I will allow 10 seconds for teams to find cards under the requester’s prep time; after that, I will consider it an abuse of prep time and therefore it will not count.

PF TLDR: Heavily flow based judge. My biggest voters rely on extensions and clash in the round. Weigh and define the voters in the final focus. If you have a framework, I expect you to explain why you win under that framework (similarly, if your opponent's provide a framework, weigh under that too). Signpost. Signpost. Signpost.

Congress TLDR: I try to weigh speaking style equally for debate--for debate, I look for clash, extension, and clear reference back to previous speakers. Avoid rehash at all costs, else you will end up on the bottom of my ballot. Speak clearly and ensure that your speeches are clear and well structured.

I strongly encourage you to read this thoroughly. PLEASE ASK ME BEFORE THE ROUND IF SOMETHING IS UNCLEAR TO YOU. I will gladly answer any questions before the round (or after the round). I will try my absolute best to justify my decisions to you (debaters!) during PF disclosure, and if I'm not communicating in a way that you understand, it is YOUR responsibility speak up and let me know.


PF Paradigm:

  • If the tournament doesn't explicitly disallow plans and both teams agree before the round to allow plans, feel free to run a plan-based debate if the topic calls for it. I find it more educational.
  • In the case of an evidence question being called, I default to tournament rules; barring specific guidelines from the tournament (if tournaments require prep to be run), my policy is to begin prep as soon as the opposing team provides the exact location of the reference. All citations should include dates. Paraphrasing is a realistic way to get more evidence on the flow, but you shouldn't be using evidence as your argument -- they are there to supplement and support your arguments. Otherwise I default to not running prep for evidence exchange.
  • If it's not in the final focus, it's not a voter.
  • I appreciate effective crossfire, however I don't flow it unless you explicitly tell me to write something down, like a specific concession (hint: you should do this, explicitly say "write that down").
  • I am inclined to reward good communication with speaker points and a mind more receptive to your arguments.
  • Outside of the fact that the 2nd overall speech is allowed to just read case, I expect FULL case/off-case coverage in EVERY speech starting with the 2nd rebuttal (4th overall speech) -- i.e. extend everything that you want weighed. The 1st rebuttal (3rd overall speech) doesn't need to extend case -- they just need to refute the opposing case.
  • Exception to the above: Framework. If you're speaking second, don't wait until 15 minutes into the round to tell me your framework. You're obligated to make those arguments in case. I vastly prefer to see framework at the top of all speeches, as it provides structure and a lens to understand your arguments--if you wait 1:30 into summary to discuss framework, it's likely that I'll lose it on the flow.
  • For rebuttal, my general preference for the sake of sanity in organization is concise, top down, line by line responses. I feel that this is often the best way to ensure that you get through everything in the case. Rebuttal does not have to repeat everything, but should provide organized responses. Please signpost.
  • I am very likely not the judge you want if you're running a non-canonical strategy, like a "kritik". I am an engineer and I have a fairly rigid policymaker paradigm.
  • I don't flow anything called an "overview". Overviews are heuristic explanations to help me make sense of the round. Please don't expect to generate offense off of an overview.
  • I'm fine if you'd like to time yourselves with an alarm; however, for the sake of common courtesy, please turn this off if you plan to time your opponents.
  • I am inclined to give bonus speaker points if I see an effort to "read me" as a judge, even if you read me wrong. Cite my paradigm if you need to. Learning to figure out your audience is a crucial life skill. On a related note: if you use the secret word 'lobster' in your speech, I will give you and your partner a metaphorical 0.5 extra speaker points, since it means you read my philosophy thoroughly. This applies to LD too.
  • I generally prefer debates I'd be able to show to a school administrator and have them be impressed by the activity rather than offended or scared.
  • Please give me voter issues in the final focus. Weigh if at all possible. When I weigh for you, hell breaks loose. I cannot stress this enough.

Congress Paradigm:

  • I try to judge congressional debate through as balanced a lens as possible--this means I tend to value speaking quality equally to the quality of your debate abilities.
  • Typically, the biggest reason that I knock speakers down comes from non-original arguments/causing rehash in the debate. I feel that this decreases the quality of the debate and fundamentally mitigates the educational benefits of congressional debate.
  • Regarding roleplay of a true Congress, I think it adds a bit of humor to the debate and leads to more engaged speakers.
  • On the note of questioning, I prefer when students keep questions as concise as possible to avoid burying the speaker in a mountain of jargon.
  • Clash and extension (similar to my PF paradigm) are my biggest factors on the debate side--please please please introduce clash and cite the speaker that you are extending or clashing. It helps to follow the flow of the argument as you speak, and it demonstrates you're actually paying attention.
  • The later you speak in cycle, the more clash I expect to see and I judge on that metric. Similarly, I strongly dislike having 2 speeches on the same side, as it often leads to rehash. If you are speaking for the second time on the same bill, I look more closely for unique arguments and extended clash, and tend to judge these speeches slightly more harshly.
  • Extension of questioning time often leads to less speeches getting in, and ultimately means that less people get a chance to speak. For this reason, I'm typically opposed to having students extend their questioning periods.
  • For later cycle, I don't mind crystallization speeches but I do expect to see weighing and clear reference back to previous speakers.
  • As stated above, your evidence is not your argument--It serves to support your argument.
  • Speaking: gestures and clear movements add to structure and to the quality of your speech. Gesturing for the sake of gesturing, and non directed movements do not. I tend to prefer when speakers keep it simple with the style instead of over-complicating everything.
  • For authorships, sponsorships, and first negs, I tend to look at fluency breaks and time more critically, as these are speeches that should be well rehearsed ahead of time.
  • I view a logical argument that flows well to be on par with literal evidence from a perspective of supporting your arguments. This means that 1-you shouldn't be afraid to use logic in your speeches and 2-evidence debates will not hold up for me.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Northern Wisconsin District Tournament 2/14/2020 PF R3 954 951 Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R6 St. Ambrose GS Middleton HR Neg
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R5 Middleton JJ Brookfield Central NR Aff
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R3 Janesville Parker EE St. Ambrose MM Aff
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R3 Middleton NR Neenah BS Aff
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R2 Middleton PM Janesville Parker AW Neg
The Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/18/2020 PF R1 Neenah DY Middleton RG Aff
Madison State Warm Up 1/10/2020 FLD R3 VerAre JK BraTec DG Aff
Madison State Warm Up 1/10/2020 FPF R2 JamMad AL Middle RK Aff
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF Final Lakeville HS Blake HR Aff Neg on a 2-1
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF Octa Lakeville GN St Michael Albertville AS Neg Neg on a 2-1
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R7 Janesville Parker AW Blake DE Neg
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R6 Neenah DY Madison East JC Aff
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R5 West Bend CKB St. Ambrose PS Neg
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R4 Brookfield East KS West Bend SW Neg
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R2 Millard North ID Lakeville HS Neg
Badgerland 11/15/2019 PF R1 Blake HR West Bend CS Aff
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 PF V R4 Madison East MJ Waukesha South HK Neg
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 PF V R3 Neenah YD Brookfield Central MN Neg
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 PF V R2 Brookfield East SG Janesville Parker EE Neg
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 PF V R1 Appleton North WP Middleton JJ Neg
Fort Atkinson Bowtie Bonanza Debate Tournament 10/12/2019 NPF R5 St. Ambrose MM Middleton HJ Aff
Fort Atkinson Bowtie Bonanza Debate Tournament 10/12/2019 VPF R4 St. Ambrose KT Brookfield Central MN Aff
Fort Atkinson Bowtie Bonanza Debate Tournament 10/12/2019 VPF R3 Middleton LJ Sheboygan North SK Aff
Fort Atkinson Bowtie Bonanza Debate Tournament 10/12/2019 VPF R2 Brookfield Central KR Middleton GS Aff
Fort Atkinson Bowtie Bonanza Debate Tournament 10/12/2019 VPF R1 Brookfield Central RN Middleton KN Aff
Brookfield East 10/5/2019 VPF R5 Brookfield East SG Janesville Parker EE Neg
Brookfield East 10/5/2019 NPF R4 West Bend BC Cedarburg AQ Aff
Brookfield East 10/5/2019 NPF R3 Brookfield Central HR Brookfield East BP Neg
Brookfield East 10/5/2019 NPF R2 West Bend CK Brookfield Central RR Aff
Brookfield East 10/5/2019 NPF R1 Neenah BS Brookfield East GM Neg
Bucky at JMM 9/21/2019 LD R5 VerAre JK MadWes ZH Neg
Bucky at JMM 9/21/2019 VPF R4 MadWes JC MadWes KJ Neg
Bucky at JMM 9/21/2019 VPF R3 Middle KP MadWes CF Neg
Bucky at JMM 9/21/2019 LD R2 VerAre VK VerAre CO Aff
Bucky at JMM 9/21/2019 VPF R1 MadWes SC Middle RN Aff
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R5 4121 4022 Aff Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R5 4091 4194 Aff Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R4 4151 4106 Neg Aff on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R4 4015 4029 Neg Aff on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R3 4166 4208 Neg Neg on a 3-0
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R3 4055 4101 Neg Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R2 4137 4078 Aff Aff on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R2 4032 4003 Neg Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R1 4181 4079 Neg Neg on a 3-0
NCFL Grand National Tournament 5/25/2019 PF R1 4085 4077 Aff Aff on a 2-1
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 PF Octo Janesville Parker AW Middleton CS Neg Neg on a 2-1
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 PF Double Marquette Univ MT West Bend SW Aff Aff on a 2-1
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 PF R1 Middleton DL Appleton North SS Aff
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School 12/14/2018 BQ R3 Glenbrook South YF New Trier RA Aff
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School 12/14/2018 BQ R2 Wayzata AJ Washington LM Neg
John Edie Holiday Debates Hosted by The Blake School 12/14/2018 BQ R1 New Trier BN Glenbrook South YF Neg
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF Semi Middleton DL Brookfield East AS Neg Neg on a 2-1
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF QTR Middleton CS Brookfield East AS Aff Neg on a 2-1
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF Octo West Bend NC Brookfield East AS Neg Neg on a 3-0
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R7 Middleton JK Brookfield Central TK Aff
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R6 Middleton JL Janesville Parker EW Neg
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R4 Middleton CS Madison East CJ Aff
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R3 West Bend SS Appleton North SS Aff
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R2 Middleton JH Brookfield Central MN Aff
Alexandra Hoecherl Challenge at Appleton East 11/30/2018 PF R1 Madison East EJ Brookfield East DS Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 NPF Qtrs Blake EF Ransom Everglades GM Neg Neg on a 3-0
Badgerland 11/9/2018 PF Final SPA DW Whitefish Bay FE Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 NPF R5 SFRoo JC Blake LS Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 NPF R3 Edina JE Blake RF Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 NPF R2 StrJes BG Blake SV Aff
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 LD R5 Bradley Tech GA Golda Meir AB Neg
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 LD R4 Marquette Univ SP Whitefish Bay HR Aff
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 LD R3 Neenah IH Brookfield East NT Neg
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 PF R1 Whitefish Bay EF Brookfield East SS Aff
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 WS R5 Tall Cotton Blue Pittsburgh Gold Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 WS R4 Hoosier Heartland Blue Montana Gold Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 WS R2 South Texas Gold North Coast Red Neg
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF Qtr Brookfield Central GL Madison West JW Neg Neg on a 3-0
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF R6 Middleton LS Madison West CR Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF R5 St. Ambrose KP Brookfield Central KT Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF R4 Middleton SC West Bend GK Neg
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF R4 Brookfield Central GL Appleton North GY Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/20/2018 PF R1 Menomonee Falls CO Muskego ML Aff
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF Quarte Brookfield East JD Madison West JW Aff Aff on a 3-0
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF Sextod Madison West LL West Bend GW Neg Neg on a 2-1
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF R6 Appleton East LR Menomonee Falls PH Aff
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF R4 Brookfield East VW Madison West JW Neg
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF R1 Brookfield East DS Waukesha South JF Aff
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 PF R1 Menomonee Falls OC Middleton SL Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/11/2016 PF Octa West Bend BM Neenah KS Neg Neg on a 3-0
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/11/2016 PF R7 Juan Diego Catholic CS Brookfield East MB Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/11/2016 PF R6 Madison West LL Brookfield East JD Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/11/2016 PF R5 Millard North WS Juan Diego Catholic NV Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/23/2016 PF Quarte Brookfield East MB Madison West AH Aff Aff on a 3-0
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/23/2016 PF R6 Brook Central HS St. Ambrose KP Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/23/2016 PF R5 St. Ambrose KL Appleton East CT Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/23/2016 PF R3 Madison West LL Rufus King BC Neg
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/23/2016 PF R3 Middleton DK West Bend GS Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/13/2015 PF R7 Appleton East CT Millard North BV Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/13/2015 PF R5 Madison West LL Sauk Prairie DY Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/13/2015 PF R4 West Bend East MW Millard North SN Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/13/2015 PF R3 Madison West AL West Bend East HJ Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/13/2015 PF R2 Brookfield East BN Rufus King BC Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/24/2015 VPF Round Rufus King OM Brookfield East GS Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/24/2015 VPF Round Brookfield East MB Middleton YC Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/24/2015 VPF Round Brookfield East BN Brookfield Central KB Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/24/2015 VPF Round Appleton East EL Madison West HJ Aff