Benjamin Sauer Paradigm

Last changed 9/18 4:43P CDT

Background: In college I debated on the national circuit for parliamentary debate. I formerly coached collegiate parliamentary and policy debate. I currently serve as the Ronald Reagan College Prep head coach, I was an assistant coach for Solorio Academy High School for the past few years, I sit on the Board of Directors of the Milwaukee Urban Debate League, and I am the President-Elect of the Wisconsin Debate Coaches' Association.

E-Mail Chain: Yes. Send to bjs.debate@gmail.com. (Note: asking me if I want to be on the e-mail chain is usually a sign that you didn't read my paradigm before the round. It is right here at the top...)

Quick Philosophy: I strongly favor a policy making philosophy. Ideally the AFF should advocate a policy topical to the resolution, and the NEG should explain why I should reject the specific policy case made by AFF.

Quick Tips:

  1. Speak clearly. If I can't understand you, I can't flow you.
  2. Do not argue a tagline. Argue the logic and evidence.
  3. Maintain clash. Line by line is good.
  4. Identify voting issues.
  5. Take advantage of the cross examination to force concessions and formulate your arguments.
  6. Do not be rude. Be witty. (Wit = speaker point bumps)
  7. Have fun.

Longer Philosophy:

- Planless Aff: If the AFF isn't affirming any specific plan, advocacy or course of action, then the status quo doesn't change, and NEG wins on presumption regardless of what else the AFF says.

- Tech v Truth: I will prefer tech to truth. Like all judges I attempt to avoid intervention, and a dropped argument is a true argument.

- Links: I do not think enough scrutiny is usually given to link arguments or link chains. I am a big fan of strategies that attack internal links or the link of a disadvantage/K/etc.

- Advantages and Disadvantages: You need to perform an impact calculus. Significance arguments should have fleshed out impact assessments with relative risk analysis supported by evidence. Politics DAs are great.

- Speed: Keep your speed reasonable. While I can handle a speedy round, I think teams who slow down perform better - they understand their round better, and I understand the arguments better. Clarity in the round matters. Make sure you articulate and enunciate your words. Speaking exceptionally quickly to try to read more cards or have more, and less developed arguments, isn't effective (and will hurt your speaks). I will let you know if I have a problem keeping up with (or understanding) you, and I'll give two warnings before I stop flowing. I will not use your cards to fill in what I miss because you are going too quickly (or if I stop flowing because I warned you twice).

If you are doing more than 7 off case arguments, you're not giving enough attention or time to all of the arguments, and you're likely relying on speed. I would far rather have fewer arguments with a deeper dive into the issues than more arguments and cursory explanations with an attempt to win simply by having the other team drop an argument that hasn't been developed much at all. I will weigh how well developed and impacted an argument is that the other team dropped when 8+ off-case are run.

- Cross Examination: I flow CX. Cross examination is an extremely important and undervalued tool in current policy debate. I recommend flowing those developments into your speeches. Do not be elusive in response to questions. A simple "I don't know" is an acceptable response if you do not know the answer. I do not prefer tag teaming on CX for varsity or open rounds. I award higher speaker points for individuals who do not rely on verbal assistance from a partner in asking or answering questions or making speeches.

- Topicality: I will vote on topicality, but my threshold for topicality is rather high. Topicality arguments that are well developed and given time during the 1NC/2NC are more likely to be successful, and the NEG should explain either how the AFF violated a reasonable and fair framework or why NEG's interpretation is better (I enjoy debates about what the proper meaning of a word should be and how that impacts the plan or the debate). If you are going to argue topicality and the AFF asks what a topical plan would look like under your framework for topicality, you need to be able to give an answer. If you cannot provide an example of topicality under your own framework, you have a problem, and your argument is very unlikely to persuade.

- Performance or Meta-Debate: I am not your judge, and you should strike me. My threshold for theory / topicality arguments against performance debate is low.

- Counterplans: I am a huge fan of counterplans, and I strongly look to functional competition. I enjoy a well run process counterplan. Process does matter in the real world and has real policy implications. I am not a fan of consult counterplans, but I have and will grudgingly vote for them.

- Theory: I am fine with theory arguments and debates. For conditionality, I am fine with multiple CPs and kritiks, but keep your conditionality within reasonable constraints (i.e. six or more worlds is not very reasonable). I default to reject the argument not the team for theory arguments. If I am to reject the team, not the argument, have a very good explanation as to why.

- Kritiks: I am not opposed to a K, but I am only well versed in K literature that is based in law and economics. For almost any other K you're going to need to SLOW DOWN, explain your buzzwords / jargon and explain the concepts. If you don't explain the buzzword / jargon, I'm not searching your cards for what a term means.

I strongly dislike K taglines that are paragraphs. That is not a tagline - it's a mini-speech.

The K needs to link to the specific policy case made and engage with the substance of the Aff's plan. If there is no link to the specific policy or no engagement with the substance of the plan, then there is no reason for me to vote for the K. A successful K will (1) link to the specific policy being argued; and (2) have an alt that (A) is a conditional policy option; (B) competes with the Aff's plan; and (C) you have explained how it functions in the real world. If, at the end of the debate, I am left thinking "So what?" I am going to vote for the Aff. The Aff actually solves for something, and the K does not.

For a K-Aff, the alt in the K-Aff needs to meet the same standards as the alt for any other K - the alt still needs to be topical, create change and solve for some harm.

- Off-Limits Arguments: No argument is out of bounds or off-limits in the debate round. Your team can make any argument it wants. If a team thinks an argument is objectionable or morally wrong, then the burden is on that team to explain why and why I should not vote for it. Merely claiming that something is offensive, immoral or "-ist" isn't enough. Why is it immoral or "-ist"? Why is it unfair or wrong? If your team can't explain why, I won't intervene to do the work for you. Run whatever argument(s) you want.

Note: The above should not be interpreted as carte blanche to engage in ad hominem attacks or other personal attacks in the round. You must be respectful to each other.

- Court or Legal Plans/Arguments: I am the general counsel of a multinational company. I really enjoy listening to plans/counterplans/etc that involve the courts or a legal strategy. That said, I will know if you do not understand how the judicial branch functions, and I will know if your plan/CP actually functions or solves the way that you claim. I will not intervene to vote on these issues if the other team does not call you on it, but my threshold for them to call you on these issues is low.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Heart of Wisconsin Invitational 2019 11/8/2019 VPol R2 Madison East JK Rufus King LS Aff
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 VCX R3 Madison East KJ Waukesha South GG Neg
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/2/2019 VCX R1 Madison East RS Homestead HL Neg
The Hilltopper Classic 9/14/2019 VCX R3 Homestead MT La Crosse Central BT Aff
The Hilltopper Classic 9/14/2019 VCX R2 Rufus King BR Homestead KW Neg
IHSA State Debate Championship 3/14/2019 Policy 5 Kennedy Perez & Stamenkovic Niles North Sturt & Garcia Neg Neg on a 2-0
IHSA State Debate Championship 3/14/2019 Policy 4 Niles North Bojinov & Khan Niles West Firozabadi & Bender Aff Aff on a 2-0
IHSA State Debate Championship 3/14/2019 Policy 3 Northside Ortiz & Pinheiro Niles North Lorenz & Ivackovic Neg Neg on a 2-0
IHSA State Debate Championship 3/14/2019 Policy 2 Whitney Young Jacob & Mazets New Trier Ewing & Kadin Neg Neg on a 2-0
IHSA State Debate Championship 3/14/2019 Policy 1 Whitney Young Wang & Schlosberg Niles West Sejdiu & Kim Aff
The Regatta 2/8/2019 VCX R5 Thomas Kelly CR Northside WW Aff
The Regatta 2/8/2019 VCX R4 Jones WK Glenbrook North KR Neg
The Regatta 2/8/2019 VCX R2 Northside CR Thomas Kelly CS Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 VCX R4 Homestead GW La Crosse Central BT Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 VCX R2 Fort Atkinson BH Marquette Univ MS Aff
Wisconsin State Debate Tournament 1/19/2019 VCX R1 Marquette Univ TM Madison East KS Aff
MCFL Debate Qualifier 1/12/2019 VCX R4 Marquette Univ MS Rufus King KR Neg
MCFL Debate Qualifier 1/12/2019 VCX R3 Marquette Univ TW Homestead WP Aff
Southern Wisconsin District Tournament 1/5/2019 CX R2 EasHS KR MarUni MT Neg Neg on a 2-1
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 JCXRR R7 Lane Tech JT Fort Atkinson HB Aff Aff on a 2-0
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VCX R6 Oak Hall SG Detroit Country Day NA Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 JCXRR R5 New Trier LR Niles North KR Aff Aff on a 2-0
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 JCXRR R4 Harker WV Notre Dame AK Neg Neg on a 2-0
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VCX R1 Wichita East SR Bellarmine College Prep VR Neg
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX Quarte Glenbrook South RS Marquette Univ LW Neg Aff on a 2-1
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX R5 Marquette Univ TM Glenbrook South RS Neg
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX R4 Marquette Univ LW Glenbrook North KS Aff
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX R3 Glenbrook North CS Rufus King JS Aff
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX R2 Rufus King KW Glenbrook North CJ Aff
Badgerland 11/9/2018 OCX R1 Glenbrook North BC Stevens Point Area Senior High (SPASH) JS Aff
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/3/2018 VCX R2 Rufus King RW Homestead WP Neg
West Bend Debate Extravaganza 11/3/2018 VCX R1 Madison East MS La Crosse Central BT Neg
Brookfield East Debate Tournament 10/20/2018 VCX R2 Neenah PW Madison East MS Neg
Brookfield East Debate Tournament 10/20/2018 VCX R1 Rufus King WR Fort Atkinson GM Aff
Milwaukee Debate League T1 9/22/2018 VCX R2 RufKin JS RonRea AD Neg
Milwaukee Debate League T1 9/22/2018 VCX R1 RonRea/RufKin SK RonRea EW Aff
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 VPol R3 La Crosse Central NL Homestead MW Neg
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 VPol R2 Fort Atkinson KM Marquette Univ TM Neg
The Hilltopper Classic 9/15/2018 VPol R1 Neenah PW La Crosse Central TB Neg
IHSA Policy Division 3/16/2018 CX R5 U Chicago Laboratory PK Niles North BS Neg
IHSA Policy Division 3/16/2018 CX R4 Whitney Young PW Glenbrook North FF Neg Neg on a 2-0
IHSA Policy Division 3/16/2018 CX R3 Niles North KS New Trier JM Neg Neg on a 2-0
IHSA Policy Division 3/16/2018 CX R2 Glenbrook North KP U Chicago Laboratory SM Aff Aff on a 2-0
IHSA Policy Division 3/16/2018 CX R1 Jones CP EN New Trier EK Neg Neg on a 2-0
Northern Illinois District Tournament 3/3/2018 CX R6 Glenbrook North KR Niles West SG Neg Neg on a 3-0
Northern Illinois District Tournament 3/3/2018 CX R5 Niles West BB Niles North LL Aff Aff on a 2-1
Northern Illinois District Tournament 3/3/2018 CX R4 Glenbrook South BY Maine East SR Aff
Northern Illinois District Tournament 3/3/2018 CX R2 New Trier MS Glenbrook South KF Aff
ETHS Superb Owl 2/2/2018 CX VCX Qu Blue Valley Southwest EM Glenbrook North JK Neg Neg on a 2-1
ETHS Superb Owl 2/2/2018 CX R6 Glenbrook North DJ Thomas Kelly CL Aff
ETHS Superb Owl 2/2/2018 CX R5 Niles West NY Whitney Young HO Neg
ETHS Superb Owl 2/2/2018 CX R1 Glenbrook North JK Jones CP EN Aff
Roberto Bustamante Classic 1/12/2018 VCX VR2 Lindblom Math and Science MK Thomas Kelly CA Neg
Roberto Bustamante Classic 1/12/2018 VCX VR1 Bogan GD Chicago HS for Agricultural Sciences CS Neg
RCC T3 12/1/2017 VCX VR5 TAFT BS Maine East RS Neg
RCC T3 12/1/2017 VCX VR3 Lane Tech GM Phoenix Military BC Aff
RCC T3 12/1/2017 VCX VR2 Thomas Kelly CL Whitney Young MJ Aff
RCC T3 12/1/2017 VCX VR1 Whitney Young JP Phoenix Military CT Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/10/2017 OCX R5 Madison East HR Homestead WM Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/10/2017 OCX R4 Homestead GK Madison East MS Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/10/2017 OCX R3 SPASH EK Sioux Falls Lincoln FM Aff
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/10/2017 NCX R2 Fort Atkinson PH SPASH GS Neg
Badgerland Debate Tournament 11/10/2017 OCX R1 Homestead WK SPASH SV Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/20/2017 SNP Saturd Homestead SK La Crosse Central LZ Aff
Golda Meir Debate Invitational 10/20/2017 SNP Saturd Homestead PK Madison East KL Neg
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX ORS LanTec MZ WhiYou WM Neg Neg on a 3-0
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX OR5 JonCP EN LanTec MZ Neg
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX OR4 LanTec NV WhiYou WM Neg
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX OR3 NorCP CZ LanTec CT Neg
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX OR2 NorCP AS LanTec GP Aff
Sun Warrior LS Season Opener RCC T1 10/13/2017 VCX OR1 WalPay YR WhiYou HO Neg
Trevian Invitational former New Trier Season Opener 10/7/2017 Open R6 Wayzata LP Homestead GK Aff
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Dbls Glenbrook South BF Lane Tech MC Neg Neg on a 3-0
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Rd 6 Glenbrook North CL Glenbrook South BF Neg
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Rd 4 Glenbrook North KP Glenbrook South DS Aff
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Rd 3 Glenbrook North KR Glenbrook South KB Aff
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Rd 2 Glenbrook South KA Glenbrook North RC Aff
Niles Township Invitational 9/8/2017 POL Rd 1 Glenbrook South YP St. John's Jesuit LD Aff
Illinois Debate Coaches Association JVNovice State 3/10/2017 JVCX R4 JonPre AR WalPay BZ Aff
Illinois Debate Coaches Association JVNovice State 3/10/2017 JVCX R2 NewTri BG WalPay WW Neg
Illinois Debate Coaches Association JVNovice State 3/10/2017 JVCX R1 LanTec Pi WhiM. PW Neg
Owen L Coon Memorial Debates at Northwestern 2/4/2017 Open RD 5 Kentucky BR Michigan LR Neg
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 NCX Semi Homestead WW Golda Meir HM Aff Aff on a 3-0
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 VCX Semi Rufus King PS Homestead GK Neg Neg on a 2-1
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 VCX R5 Waukesha South TD Marquette Univ DT Aff
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 VCX R3 Marquette Univ DP Reagan Th Aff
2017 WSDT 1/21/2017 VCX R1 Mukwonago AK Marquette Univ LS Neg
MFCL Debate Qualifier 1/14/2017 Pol R4 Homestead CL Marquette Univ DP Aff
MFCL Debate Qualifier 1/14/2017 Pol R2 Homestead ML Reagan IB Debate TM Aff
Sheboygan North Holiday Invitational 12/10/2016 NSS R2 Madison East JR Appleton East SM Aff
Sheboygan North Holiday Invitational 12/10/2016 VSS R1 Mukwonago HW Mukwonago GM Neg
RCC Tournament 2 11/4/2016 NOV NRS WalPay YC EvaTow LK Aff Neg on a 2-1
RCC Tournament 2 11/4/2016 VCX OR5 NorCP LK WhiM. TJ Aff
RCC Tournament 2 11/4/2016 VCX OR4 LanTec NM JonCP JR Neg
RCC Tournament 2 11/4/2016 VCX OR2 JonCP GR WalPay RP Aff