Josiah Macumber Paradigm

Last changed 2/11 11:19P EDT

Debated for Liberty University

Current: Affiliate Coach for JMU. Interlake High School.

Yes email chain: josiahmacumber@gmail.com

TLDR: Do not feel the need to adapt to my preferences I will do my best to judge fairly. Be persuasive and tell me why arguments are important. Dropped arguments are true arguments, but you need to still explain them and why they matter.

Speaking Preferences:

Slow down on analytics people can only write/type so fast, so slow down if you want me to flow it all. Same applies for theory arguments.

I do not have a concrete method for assigning speaker points. That being said things that help are: clarity, volume (not a big fan of barely being able to hear someone), cross ex (good questions/good answers), and strategic decisions.

K: Have a specific link to plan action/reps/epistemology makes it a lot easier to win instead of generic state links- those are cool and all, but at least contextualize it. Many times bad link debating is done so that the link explanation could have been read against any affirmative on any topic. Those are bad ways of explaining a link and it should be articulated in context of the round that is being had. That can take a variety of forms such as reading through the other team's evidence and pulling quotes that prove your link argument or the logic of the link. It could also take the form of using the answers that other teams provide in cross ex. Each link should have it's own unique impact and it would behoove you to explain how the link turns the case.

Framing for these debates is essential and direction is key for what to prioritize. It's nice to win the alternative, but I don't think it's necessary. IF you are not going for the alternative make it clear otherwise I will evaluate the perm and whether the alt can overcome the instances of the links.

CP: A good CP and DA combo is a solid option for the 2NR. I also enjoy well thought out PIC's. CP's don't necessarily need evidence, but it is preferred (solvency advocate theory is probably a good arg against this).

Maybe it's just me, but after a team spreads through the planks and card for a CP I am still somewhat unsure what it does. Explanation is important in terms of explaining how it solves and why it is different from the affirmative.

DA: Explain it well and it's interaction with the case. You need to do the analysis of why it outweighs the case or turns it. Do comparative evidence analysis and provide reasons why their evidence is not as warranted or does not really answer the DA and tell me why your evidence is better. That does not mean "our ev post dates by 3 days so it's better", but rather "our evidence analyzes long term trends through X method that provides a predictive claim, and their's is an opinion article".

T: Not really a big T expert, so explanation is key.

Generally I believe that over limiting is better than under limiting due to in depth research providing better education. Provide a coherent view of what the topic would look like without the limit that you set on it versus what the affirmative justifies when you are impacting out the T debate. That could include a case list that they justify that explodes research burdens or specific ground loss. You do not have to win in round abuse. Just impact it out well and you should be good.

Analyze the other teams evidence and make smart args against it. I think that is specifically true in the context of things like T subs (some ev makes claims of what substantial is not, but does not set a standard for what is substantial).

Framework: Strategic and I vote on it. However, I think that there are a few different ways to do it that are less offensive / more strategic. Top level winning that debate is a game probably means that fairness is an impact, but that work needs to be done. If education is the impact you are going for there must be good reasons why policy education is desirable or better than critical education. I think it is less strategic to make arguments like "our education spills over and we can one day do _____ to change the system"... that relies on a notion of spill over from policy education. If that is true, why then does that spillover not apply to the affirmative and their method/epistemology?

Theory: Dropped theory arguments are pretty easy to vote on, so don't drop them. Provide a reason why the abuse outweighs any other possible impact and make it a big deal. Just don't blaze through it and expect to win even if it was dropped.

-Policy AFF's: Tell a coherent story and do good impact calculus. Often times teams forget to do that and it's a super important part of the last rebuttals. If you are reading a hard right AFF I find it is better to just stick with it and go for util/death outweighs. I really do think it's more strategic against the criticism to go hard right.

-K AFF's: I think there is a great value to critical affirmatives. Just be prepared for the framework debate and explain why your model of debate is better or have disads to their model. I find it very helpful when critical affirmative provide examples and have in depth historical knowledge about their theory. In addition, providing examples of things the aff could do or would do helps to materialize some of the theory that can make it easier to grasp especially if it is not a literature base I am familiar with.

I typically find that most teams are not ready to defend the entirety of their aff, so if you are negative against a K aff I think that a well developed PIK argument and some case arguments are rather strategic.

There is no single way to my ballot and there are often a variety of strategies that can work in the debate. Be smart and strategic... I often find that the debates I enjoy the most are guided by bold choices from the debaters.

Be nice to other debaters. That doesn't mean you can't be witty or funny just be respectful of others. I think debate is a great activity to make new friends and to enjoy yourself. There is no need to take yourself and other people too seriously, creating a fun environment to debate in makes debates 100% more enjoyable. Jokes are also appreciated. On second thought... maybe don't.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
NDT District VII Qualifier 2/15/2020 D7 R8 Pittsburgh MO Georgetown MW Aff
NDT District VII Qualifier 2/15/2020 JV R5 Mary Washington HuMi George Mason BT Aff
NDT District VII Qualifier 2/15/2020 D7 R3 Pittsburgh FK George Mason BG Neg
NDT District VII Qualifier 2/15/2020 JV R2 George Mason VS Mary Washington HeMc Aff
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX Octo Kamiak LK Taipei American PW Neg Neg on a 3-0
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX Double Bellarmine IG Peninsula DS Aff Neg on a 2-1
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R6 Bellarmine IG Yerba Buena NN Aff
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R5 Head Royce GM Archbishop Mitty DR Neg
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R4 Silver Creek KR Archbishop Mitty BP Neg
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R3 Bellarmine CD Wallenberg Traditional FC Aff
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R2 Kamiak LK Taft MA Aff
34th Annual Stanford Invitational 2/8/2020 VCX R1 Silver Creek RJ Archbishop Mitty NC Aff
Liberty University 1/24/2020 Open JV Fin United States Military BF George Mason DS Neg Neg on a 3-0
Liberty University 1/24/2020 Open R5 George Mason JS United States Military BF Aff
Liberty University 1/24/2020 Novice R4 United States Military GS George Mason MP Neg
Liberty University 1/24/2020 Novice R2 United States Military PT George Mason BB Neg
Crowe Warken Debates at USNA 1/18/2020 Open Octs United States Military KT Northwestern FL Neg Neg on a 3-0
Crowe Warken Debates at USNA 1/18/2020 Open Dbls Michigan PS United States Military KT Neg Neg on a 2-1
Crowe Warken Debates at USNA 1/18/2020 Open R5 George Mason ST Northwestern FL Neg
Crowe Warken Debates at USNA 1/18/2020 Open R4 Georgetown AG Michigan PS Neg
Crowe Warken Debates at USNA 1/18/2020 Open R2 Michigan JS Iowa BR Aff
Franklin R Shirley at Wake Forest 11/23/2019 SHIR OCTS Kansas MM UC Berkeley NR Neg Neg on a 3-2
Franklin R Shirley at Wake Forest 11/23/2019 SHIR RD 7 UC Berkeley NR Georgetown BP Aff
ADA Fall Championship 11/23/2019 JV R6 Houston KW Emory MZ Neg
ADA Fall Championship 11/23/2019 Nov R4 Houston HG Navy CY Neg
ADA Fall Championship 11/23/2019 Nov R2 Mary Washington RU George Mason PP Neg
ADA Fall Championship 11/23/2019 JV R1 Houston WN George Mason BT Neg
George Mason Debate Tournament College 11/8/2019 Open Quarte George Mason TS Wake Forest AJ Neg Neg on a 3-0
George Mason Debate Tournament College 11/8/2019 Open R6 Wake Forest/Georgetown DG George Mason TS Neg
George Mason Debate Tournament College 11/8/2019 JV R5 George Mason CS United States Military BF Aff
George Mason Debate Tournament College 11/8/2019 Open R4 United States Military HS Georgetown AM Neg
George Mason Debate Tournament College 11/8/2019 JV R3 George Mason TB Boston College CJ Aff
Wyoming College Tournament 10/25/2019 JV Finals Gonzaga HH George Mason DM Neg Neg on a 2-1
Wyoming College Tournament 10/25/2019 JV Semis Gonzaga HH Missouri State CC Aff Aff on a 3-0
Wyoming College Tournament 10/25/2019 JV R4 Weber State ER CSU - Northridge GA Aff
Wyoming College Tournament 10/25/2019 JV R3 Weber State MO Cal State Fullerton RW Neg
Wyoming College Tournament 10/25/2019 JV R2 George Mason DM Cal State Fullerton DP Aff
UMW Debate Tournament 10/11/2019 Nov R6 Mary Washington RU George Mason BG Aff
UMW Debate Tournament 10/11/2019 Nov R4 Mary Washington FM George Mason RM Neg
UMW Debate Tournament 10/11/2019 Open R3 Florida SK Cornell DS Neg
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 OP Octos Michigan HF UC Berkeley RN Neg Neg on a 3-0
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 OP R8 Pittsburgh OM Michigan PR Neg
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 OP R6 Emory GH Wayne State BR Aff
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 JV R5 Emory/Georgetown BC Wake Forest BW Neg
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 OP R2 Michigan MK Georgetown GK Aff
GSU Atlanta Season Opener 9/14/2019 OP R1 Georgetown AW West Virginia BM Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS Intl E Taipei American FE Taipei American HT Aff Aff on a 2-1
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS IntSem Dipont YY Taipei American HT Neg Neg on a 3-0
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS Quarte Lincoln MW Bronx Science EZ Neg Aff on a 2-1
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS Octofi Bronx Science KS Saratoga SC Aff Aff on a 3-0
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS R7 Canyon Crest GL Nueva RM Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS R6 College Prep BG Summit CL Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS R6 Newton South SJ Cranbrook SS Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R5 Clayton-Bradley CC American Heritage Plantation CZ Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R5 Plano West AW University MK Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R4 Whitefish Bay FE Fairmont Prep SS Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R4 Fairmont Prep BA Campbell Hall DL Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R3 Westwood SL Bromfield SK Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R3 Lincoln-Sudbury CS Bronx Science OS Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS R2 Flintridge Prep NH Dublin Jerome KT Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFS R2 Montgomery Blair CP Lakeville North HS Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R1 Millard North RZ Unionville KR Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 PFG R1 Corona Del Sol PJ Packer CL Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX1 Semifi Westminster Baugher & Walsh Alpharetta Naik & Gudapati Aff Aff on a 5-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX1 Quarte Little Rock Central Gaddi & Liu Montgomery Bell Maxwell & Bozza Neg Neg on a 4-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX1 Octafi Head Royce Shaw & Reichel Little Rock Central Rhee & Padala Neg Neg on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX2 6 Marist Verska & Ovadje Georgetown Day Mason & Wohlstadter Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX2 5 Cambridge Gandla & Murad Carrollton Sacred Heart Hernandez & Arvanitis Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX1 4 Niles West De Vera & Saba Little Rock Central Rhee & Padala Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX2 3 Henry W Grady Kamel & Tak Montgomery Bell Kim & Zhang Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX2 2 USN Barzelay & Heckers Alpharetta Sandhu & Tokos Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/15/2019 CX2 1 Head Royce Kopelnik & Muhammad Westminster Manghat & Sayers Neg
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF Dubs Trinity BD Lexington WW Aff Aff on a 2-1
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF R5 Bronx HS Of Science MJ Bridgewater Raritan AbRa Aff
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF R4 Horace Mann SX Princeton RG Aff
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF R4 Horace Mann SB Dalton HP Neg
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF R2 Regis LS Hunter AA Neg
The Ridge Debates 12/7/2018 VPF R2 Horace Mann SY Thomas S. Wootton MT Neg
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R7 Classic MP JS Classic FH ARL Neg
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R6 JM Lab TM MMMR FH Neg
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R5 Classic MP CS Classic BO LP Aff
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R4 K Lab HP JM Lab GK Aff
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R3 K Lab FG Classic KAZ GY Aff
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R2 FFGSV RD CPPWW AC Aff
Michigan Summer Institutes 7/31/2018 POL R1 FFGSV NC Classic FH MN Aff
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R5 3070 3039 Neg Neg on a 3-0
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R5 3024 3085 Neg Neg on a 3-0
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R3 3130 3083 Neg Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R3 3162 3038 Neg Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R2 3061 3107 Neg Aff on a 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R2 3002 3167 Aff Aff on a 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R1 3141 3060 Neg Neg on a 2-1
NCFL Grand Nationals 5/26/2018 LD R1 3172 3204 Neg Neg on a 2-1
Middle School TOC hosted by UK 5/13/2018 CX BO-Q SA Midtown West LL Montgomery Bell YH Aff Neg on a 2-1
Middle School TOC hosted by UK 5/13/2018 CX R4 Dr. Bessie Rhodes School of Global Studies BG Montgomery Bell JO Aff
Middle School TOC hosted by UK 5/13/2018 CX R2 SA Hudson Yards NS SA Midtown West LL Neg
Middle School TOC hosted by UK 5/13/2018 CX R1 SA Bed-Stuy ST Montgomery Bell YH Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Semis Harvard-Westlake Nathan Russell Marlborough SarahMae Tuohy Neg Neg on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Quarte Harvard-Westlake Tessa Augsberger Marlborough Isabella Whitney Aff Aff on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Octas Harvard-Westlake Tessa Augsberger Lake Highland Prep Jaden Ackerman Aff Aff on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD2 Quarte Lake Highland Prep Parnika Agrawal St Pius X Catholic Joseph Tarnowski Aff Aff on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD2 R5 West Des Moines Valley Isabella Nadel Greenhill Anais Zhang Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R4 Harvard-Westlake Nathan Russell Lake Highland Prep Mayah Singh Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R3 Lake Highland Prep Samrit Samuel Meadows Sarah Lelah Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R2 Harvard-Westlake Hope Shinderman Lake Highland Prep Parker Cohen Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R1 West Des Moines Valley Abby Bishop Greenhill Cameron Kettles Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R1 West Des Moines Valley Olivia Brown Mountain Brook Jack Sansbury Aff