Sarah Emerson Paradigm

Last changed 6/24 4:45P CDT

Sarah Emerson (seemerson19@gmail.com- yes I want to be on the email chain)

I am a second-year debater at Samford University. However, I debated Policy for three years in high school. The four topics I've debated are Domestic Surveillance, Relations with China, Primary and Secondary Education, and Executive Authority. Additionally, I worked at a debate camp over this past summer on the Immigration Topic, so I have some knowledge for the resolution. That does not mean I will understand your case. Please don’t assume that I know what your niche immigration policy is because I probably don’t.

My thoughts on various things:

Signpost, do line-by-line, and use smart analytics. Those things make you look more intelligent and on top of things. (Read as more speaker points)

Traditional v. Critical: Traditional. I have run and hit a few K's, but I probably won't understand what your K is saying if it's not one of the common ones. (Settler Colonialism, Anti-Blackness, Feminism, Cap, Security, etc.) If you are going to run a K, hold my hand through the ballot, it's in your best interest.

Tech v. Truth: I lean really far toward tech. If you want to run the weirdest argument out there, go for it. If they drop it and you point it out, it's almost always going to be a true argument for me. The downside is that if your opponent points out that your argument is weird and I think it is, I'll give them a little more wiggle room answering it.

Evidence v. Analysis: Everyone likes a good card, but I love it when debaters are able to use their heads to get rid of illogical arguments in a round with simple logic. That's not to say that you shouldn't read a bunch of cards in front of me-- you should --but I would like to hear a good mix of cards and analytics throughout the debate. And, it'll boost speaker points!

Speed: Go as fast as you want. If you're unclear, I'll say clear. If you become unclear again I'll say it one more time then I will just look at you with a confused face.

Kicking Arguments: Unless it’s a theory arg, you should be formally kicking out of things. I will kick a cp for the negative automatically if they respond to “status of the cp” in cx with “status quo is always an option” unless the aff tells me not to. Otherwise, I won’t kick anything unless explicitly told to by the negative.

My thoughts are various types of arguments:

T: I really don't like when someone runs a T-shell that clearly doesn't counter the aff. Make sure that there is at least an argument that they don't meet your interpretation and that your interp isn't absurd. I have a high threshold for voting negative on T, but it has happened before. If you are going to go for T in front of me, here are a couple of things you need:

- An interpretation of a word or phrase in the resolution - Yes, it must be the exact word or phrase in the resolution. Don't define reduce if the resolution says restrict for example.

- A clear reason or a card that states that the aff plan does not fall under that interp. If you are going to make T the 2NR, this should take more than just restating what previous speeches said.

- Standards (especially if there is a counter interp) - If you don't tell me why to prefer your interp, I probably will give aff more wiggle room on being T. Standards should develop throughout the round to have an impact. Why should I care about limiting the resolution?

-Preferably a Topical Version of the AFF that is introduced in the block. The TVA needs to sufficiently solve the aff and be topical.

Theory More Broadly: Your shell needs to be clear (a little slower that your regular spreading) or I won't be able to catch it all. Like T, you need an interp and standards in order for me to vote your way. Condo is reject the team or reject the arg, and everything else is just reject the arg. Debate is a game and theory arguments tell the judge when someone has broken a rule.

Condo: I don't have a particular limit of conditional options that is a hard threshold for voting aff. If the neg wants to run 2 options, great! If they want to run 5, great! I will evaluate condo based on how each side in a specific debate handles it rather than injecting my opinions prematurely. Just remember, the more condo you have, the more persuasive the reject the team arg becomes and the more wiggle room I will give the aff when answering other sheets. If you force the 2AC to answer a ton of conditional counterplans then kick them or most of them in the block because the 2AC undercovered your DA, I'm probably going to let the 1AR have new answers/more leeway on the DA.

K: Your K must have some form of solvency mechanism. What that looks like is up to you. I don't find the argument that winning the alt solvency or framework means no perm particularly persuasive. Please please please don't just read card after card and not do any line-by-line clash or extrapolation. I need to know that you understand what you are saying, and I need to understand your argument. If I need to read the K cards to understand your argument, I'm probably giving aff the benefit of the doubt.

CP: I love a good counterplan as most traditional policy debaters do. This means a counterplan text that is textually and functionally competitive with the plan, a credible solvency advocate, and a net benefit. The rest is up to the debaters. I’m good with any kind of cp as long as the negative is ready to defend it theoretically or kick out of it.

DA: Not much to say here. They’re cool, almost everyone runs them because they’re cool. Uniqueness determines the direction of the link.

Impacts: Do impact calculus, and turns/solves case arguments at least in the 2NR/2AR, please. If the debate comes down to impact calculus and neither team has done any, I can’t tell you how I personally would evaluate the impacts. I would probably read some cards, figure out whose impact was more disputed, get really frustrated, and not want to give anyone good speaks… so just do the calculus.

Impact Turns: I'm down for impact turns such as Democracy, Proliferation, Economy, etc. Those debates can get messy, however. Do your best to keep your argument clean to help me evaluate the round, and you’ll get a speaker point boost. If you impact turn anything like discrimination, racism, sexism, homophobia, etc. you’re going to lose and get 0 speaker points.

Last Updated: 5/16/19

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Deep South District Tournament 2/3/2019 PF R5 128 103 Neg Neg on a 2-1
Deep South District Tournament 2/3/2019 PF R4 148 211 Neg Aff on a 2-1
Samford University Bishop Guild Debate Tournament 1/12/2019 PF R6 Mountain Brook HB Auburn PW Aff
Samford University Bishop Guild Debate Tournament 1/12/2019 PF R5 Auburn CM Mountain Brook SS Neg
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarPF Semis Bellaire BR Dulles CL Aff Neg on a 2-1
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX Semis Pace HN Greenhill RK Neg Neg on a 2-1
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX R6 Bentonville MT Lindale JS Neg
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 NovCX R5 Caddo Magnet VW Baton Rouge Magnet PR Neg
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX R3 Fullerton Union GK Henry W Grady TK Aff
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 NovCX R2 Parkview Arts and Science Magnet BS Baton Rouge Magnet CP Aff
Samford Debate Institute 7/5/2018 R5 GGH GJ GGH PH Aff