Rafael Reyes Paradigm

Last changed 18 April 2018 7:17 AM EDT

Updated for 2018 TOC

Public Forum Paradigm for 2018 TOC

First thing to know about me, I am a lay public forum judge. I have judged around the circuit, but I emphasize to you, I am a lay PF judge. I am judging for Bronx Science.

I like delivery that is slow, tasteful, and artful. I prefer big picture analysis over a highly technical line-by-line approach. The role of the final focus should be to tell me who is winning the round clearly and concisely--narrative speeches are preferred. Extension is very important to me, and I will not take well to teams that extend through ink.

With that being said, ink will be limited. During speeches, I like to sit back and listen. Persuasion is very important to me, and for that reason, I value understanding your arguments over following them on the flow, and will take limited notes. I am not aware of arguments regarding topicality or kritiks, and plans are illegal in Public Forum, so I will not vote for them.

I tend to value style and argument equally, as both are very important. I will always vote for the team with the clearest arguments and delivery at the end of the round. I do not care much for how you structure your speeches, but all arguments that you expect to win on have to be in both summary and final focus--not grand crossfire. A second speaking team is not expected to cover their own case in rebuttal.



Lincoln-Douglas Debate:


To preface my paradigm, I have very limited LD judging experience. That said, you may want to strike me. If you are a brave soul and have decided not to strike me, or are considering preffing me more highly in the pool, here are what I expect to be my judging preferences as a new LD judge:

  • NO SPREADING. I don’t have problems with it on principle. I just won’t understand you. If you are going too fast (spreading or not), I will simply stop flowing.
  • If you are debating in front of me, I might not understand the nuances of the more complex frameworks. If you decide you don’t care and read a complicated framework in front of me, you should be using cross-x and your later speeches to make it as clear as possible for me. If I can’t understand it, I won’t vote on it.
  • As someone who has more public forum and congressional debate judging experience, I appreciate good public speaking skills and a strong sense of ethos in round. I will reward these qualities with higher speaker points.
  • Please be respectful. There is a big difference between being funny in round, and being rude/hostile. Debate is an educational activity, which requires a level of respect between competitors.
  • Finally, to reiterate- I AM AN INEXPERIENCED LD JUDGE. Do not run your Ks, Plans, Counterplans, Disads, T-interps, or run theory arguments in front of me. I will not know how to evaluate these types of arguments. I will probably just be confused.


I guess in general I’ll say the following: You can think of me as an extremely ‘lay” judge. If I cannot understand an argument, I will not vote on it.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Lv Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
The Ridge Debates HS 2018-12-07 VPF R3 Freehold Township SM Urban HW Con
The Ridge Debates HS 2018-12-07 VPF R3 Hunter AA Timothy Christian LT Con
The Ridge Debates HS 2018-12-07 VPF R1 Union Catholic BK West Windsor HN Con
The Ridge Debates HS 2018-12-07 VPF R1 Dalton HP River Hill DQ Con
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R5 Schreiber LG Ridge GZ Con
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R5 Ridge MS Summit SY Pro
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R3 Trinity BM St. Joseph's Prep KM Pro
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R3 Beacon MM Timber Creek SB Pro
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R2 Regis KO Montville SP Pro
The Princeton Classic HS 2018-11-30 PF R2 Summit AS Freehold Township CL Con
The 15th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2018-11-10 VPF R6 Paramu GG BASInd SS Pro
The 15th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2018-11-10 VPF R5 Stuyve HA RidHS AO Con
The 15th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2018-11-10 VPF R4 Regis LM Waylan WW Con
The 15th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2018-11-10 VPF R3 Hunter XB ForLee CP Pro
The 15th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2018-11-10 VPF R1 Lex WW Syosse ST Pro
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD Octos L-Sud SH Regis DM PRO PRO 2-1
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R6 Westborough SK Newton South JH PRO
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R6 Sharon BI St. John's DP PRO
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R3 Lexington RW Acton-Boxborough LL PRO
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R3 Boston Latin WB Regis HC CON
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R2 Wayland ZW Acton-Boxborough LC PRO
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2018-10-26 PFD R2 Newton South SM Algonquin ZW CON
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 SPF R7 St Michael's FF St. John's GY Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 SPF R6 Millard North WS Klein WZ Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 SPF R4 Saratoga SP Princeton GH Con
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 SPF R3 Lakeland TG College Prep PS Pro
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 SPF R2 Northwest Career And Technical GM West Orange BS Pro
Tournament of Champions HS 2018-04-28 GPF R1 Cambridge JK Archbishop Mitty KV Pro
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R4 Barrington RSh Raisbeck Aviation DR Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R3 Timothy Christian EO BASIS Independent Silicon Valley KR Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R3 Bergen County Debate Club NF Needham SR Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R2 Roslyn AB Cary WA Aff
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R2 Walt Whitman HW Little Rock Central ST Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R1 Timothy Christian CW Barrington RT Neg
44th Annual Harvard National Forensics Tournament HS 2018-02-17 JVLD R1 Cambridge Rindge and Latin LA Durant GC Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF DO Tut Oxbridge Academy of the Palm Beaches BL Western FR Con Con 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF TR Tut Clayton-Bradley CC Western FR Con Con 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R6 Poly Prep Country Day SS Blake JW Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R6 Lake Mary Prep HM Cypress Bay NK Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R5 Newsome AE Quarry Lane AS Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R5 Theodore Roosevelt SM Potomac TS Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R2 Evanston Twp JO Auburn AK Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R2 Bentonville DK North Broward Prep PC Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R1 Evanston Twp KW Charlotte Catholic RN Con
Barkley Forum for High Schools HS 2018-01-26 PF R1 St Thomas Aquinas HA Starrs Mill TM Con
The 14th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2017-11-10 VPF Octa Regis MS* Success Academy Manhattan GC Pro Pro 3-0
The 14th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2017-11-10 VPF R6 Hunter XZ Success Academy Manhattan GC Con
The 14th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2017-11-10 VPF R4 Stuyvesant LG Regis MO* Con
The 14th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2017-11-10 VPF R3 Lakeland CaRi Stuyvesant AF* Con
The 14th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2017-11-10 VPF R2 Regis MM* Dalton GC Con
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF Quarte PacCol CL Hackle TS Pro Pro 2-1
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF Runoff ColSec RR WesWin SS Con Con 3-0
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF R5 Dalton GC Delbar ML Pro
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF R5 PacCol CL Dalton SF Pro
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF R1 SucAca SC Delbar FW Con
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2017-09-08 PF R1 Wayland ZG SucAca BE Pro
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF Semifi Byram Hills AM Hackley BW Pro Pro 2-1
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF Quarte Lexington CZ Byram Hills CY Con Con 3-0
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF Octafi Poly Prep Country Day LT Hackley BW Con Con 2-1
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF Octafi Edgemont SB Capitol Debate WH Con Pro 2-1
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 JVPF Quarte Riverdale Country KS Poly Prep Country Day BD Con Con 3-0
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R5 Poly Prep Country Day HB Edgemont KM Pro
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R5 Edgemont MS Poly Prep Country Day SF Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R3 Capitol Debate CS Hendrick Hudson AB Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R3 Riverdale Country BG Capitol Debate DK Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 JVPF R2 Capitol Debate XZ Poly Prep Country Day BD Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R1 Edgemont SB Capitol Debate WH Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2017-03-02 VPF R1 Wayland RG Poly Prep Country Day BB Pro
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF Semis Strath Haven LS Unionville PW Con Con 3-0
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF Quarte State College FG West Windsor Plainsboro South SS Con Con 2-1
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF Octos Lexington SF Unionville PW Con Con 2-1
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF Double Lexington MB Council Rock North KM Con Pro 2-1
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF Double Lexington SF Unionville RO Pro Pro 2-1
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF R4 Hill KL Council Rock North PH Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF R4 State College FG Council Rock North BB Pro
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF R3 Lexington ZC Christ the King JV Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2017-02-03 PF R3 Oakton ZY Holy Ghost EM Con
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF 3x Chaparral SN Palo Verde DL Pro Pro 3-0
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF 3x Fairmont Prep KS Los Alamos SM Pro Pro 3-0
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF R6 Salpointe Catholic AM St. Francis ID Con
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF R6 Desert Vista GL Northridge GO Con
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF R5 Green Valley PB Chaparral SN Pro
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 VPF R5 Fairmont Prep KA La Salle NC Con
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 NPF R2 Copper Hills TR BASIS Scottsdale BS Pro
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 NPF R2 Presentation KG BASIS Chandler SW Con
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 NPF R1 BASIS Chandler PN Hamilton LW Pro
Arizona St Hugh Downs School of Human Comm Invitational HS 2017-01-05 NPF R1 Catalina Foothills LV DSST: Cole DF Pro
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF Semis Byram Hills AM Lexington LH Con Pro 2-1
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF Quarte Byram Hills AM Hunter KK Pro Pro 2-1
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF Octas Hackley BF Lexington LH Con Con 2-1
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF Dubs Princeton BS Byram Hills CY Pro Con 2-1
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF Dubs Freehold Township EV Millburn WC Pro Pro 3-0
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R5 Delbarton LP Timothy Christian RL Pro
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R5 Lexington WW Princeton HL Pro
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R4 Byram Hills PU Horace Mann FR Pro
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R4 Bridgewater Raritan LP Millburn HO Con
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R3 Horace Mann HK Edgemont MS Pro
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R3 Millburn BM Summit EA Con
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R2 Success Academy GR Freehold Township CL Con
Ridge Debates HS 2016-12-09 VPF R2 Hackley TW Millburn BF Con
The 13th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2016-11-11 VPF octa Hackley WT Princeton BC Pro Pro 2-1
The Kaiser Debates at Monticello HS 2016-10-07 PF R5 Regis VO Regis MK Pro
The Kaiser Debates at Monticello HS 2016-10-07 PF R5 Regis PW Regis CL Pro
The Kaiser Debates at Monticello HS 2016-10-07 PF R2 University OW Regis DD Con
The Kaiser Debates at Monticello HS 2016-10-07 PF R2 University GQ Regis MO Con
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2016-09-09 VPF Quarte Hackle WB Delbar LC Pro Pro 3-0
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2016-09-09 VPF R3 Hackley TS Delbar LC Con
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2016-09-09 VPF R1 SucAca BG Hackley ZR Con
Byram Hills Invitational HS 2016-09-09 VPF R1 SucAca RM RivCou DB Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Quarte Byram Hills AM Capitol Debate BP Pro Pro 2-1
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Octafi Capitol Debate SN Byram Hills RK Pro Con 2-1
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Octafi Poly Prep Country Day DL Byram Hills AM Con Con 3-0
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Rd 5 Poly Prep Country Day DL Berkeley Carroll SS Pro
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Rd 4 Byram Hills RK Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Rd 3 Byram Hills AM Capitol Debate SN Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Rd 1 Lexington BC Capitol Debate BP Con
Lakeland Westchester Classic HS 2016-02-26 VPF Rd 1 Byram Hills UY Riverdale Country BI Pro
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD Octo Timber Creek ER Boston Latin YY Con Con 3-0
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD Runoff Masters HM Princeton YT Con Con 3-0
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD R4 Lake Mary Prep TM Haverford BH Pro
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD R4 DuPont Manual SW Boston Latin TS Pro
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD R2 Christ the King PP Timber Creek MV Con
UPenn Liberty Bell Classic HS 2016-02-13 PFD R2 Cosby CM James Madison Memorial VY Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R4 First Colonial SL Broad Run HA Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R4 Hill FG CR North GS Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R3 Dalton HU Christ the King GV Pro
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R3 State College CK CR North MK Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R1 Southern Lehigh SH Christ the King VW Con
Pennsbury Falcon Invitational HS 2016-02-05 PF R1 CR North KO Christ the King PP Pro
2016 Newark Invitational HS 2016-01-07 VPF R4 Regis GR Summit KS Aff
2016 Newark Invitational HS 2016-01-07 VPF R2 Maspeth UP Regis DV Neg
2016 Newark Invitational HS 2016-01-07 VPF R2 Regis GR Capitol Debate SL Aff
2016 Newark Invitational HS 2016-01-07 VPF R1 Benjamin N Cardozo BS Summit KR Neg
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R6 Eagan DM Walt Whitman RT Pro
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R3 Walt Whitman GK Eagan MW Pro
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R3 Millard West PF Evanston WH Con
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake MS 2015-12-18 PF R2 Blake AK WDM Valley SG Pro
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R2 Walt Whitman LL Eagan KF Pro
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R1 Walt Whitman MM Ft. Lauderdale HS Con
John Edie Holiday Tournament Hosted by Blake HS 2015-12-18 PF R1 Walt Whitman Mi Ardrey Kell BW Pro
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF quarte Delbarton AH Regis CH Con Pro 2-1
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF octa Poly Prep Country Day HE Trinity LR Pro Pro 3-0
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF R6 Poly Prep Country Day HE Regis MZ Pro
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF R4 Nightingale Bamford CM Hunter College KR Con
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF R3 Byram Hills PT Nightingale Bamford RO Con
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF R1 Poly Prep Country Day AL Stuyvesant LU Pro
The 12th Scarsdale Invitational HS 2015-11-13 VPF R1 Trinity ES Regis LJ Con
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R6 Lincoln-Sudbury FR St. John's DG Con
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R6 Newton South LS Milton HB Con
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R4 Regis AA Acton Boxborough AJ Pro
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R3 Newton South MS Waring DH Con
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R2 Newton South GL Newton North DJ Pro
Tim Averill Invitational HS 2015-10-30 PFD R2 Newton South GK Regis MZ Con