Aaron Timmons Paradigm

Last changed 4/22 1:05P CDT

Aaron Timmons

Director of Debate – Greenhill School

Updated – April 2019

Please put me on the email chain – timmonsa@greenhill.org

New for the TOC 2019 – I am the Director of the Global Debate Symposium and for this summer I have hired Spencer Paul and Vishan Chaudhary from Harvard Westlake, and Ishan Bhatt from St. Andrews of the list of competitors that will be in the 2019 TOC competing in Lincoln Douglas.

Lincoln - Douglas Philosophy

I have coached debate, and been a classroom teacher, for a long time. I feel that when done well, with agreed upon “rules of engagement”, there is not a better activity to provide a training ground for young people. That said, at some point, most of the adults have left the building as it relates to national circuit Lincoln Douglas debate. I find many of the things that are now commonplace, are antithetical to the things that I love about debate. In fact, many of these practices are not educational, but also make the activity unsustainable in any meaningful way to sell to administrators, parents, new coaches, or even a new generation of debaters.


I have taken some time to reflect on how I judge debates, and have revised my paradigm. It would behoove you to read it if I have the potential to judge you. If you do not like what you read, strike me.

Debate rounds, and subsequently debate tournaments, are extensions of the classroom. While we all learn from each other, my role is parallel to that of an instructor. I will evaluate your performance. At this stage in my career, I have no interest in being the “most preferred” judge in the pool. In fact, what I see is that many in the Lincoln Douglas community (as opposed to policy debate); make preferences more based on personal relationships, than the relative experience/paradigmatic perspective of the critic. I see my role as to set a fair, but stringent, set of expectations for the students I am judging. At times, this means advancing expectations that I feel are best for the students and, at times, the broader community as well. At this point, I am also not shy to share those thoughts and expectations. I see myself as a critic of argument if I had to pigeonhole myself with a paradigmatic label. Unlike many claim to be, I am not a blank slate. If I see behaviors or practices that create a bad, unfair, or hostile environment for the extension of the classroom that is the debate round, I will intervene. I WILL do my best to be an objective evaluator of your argument but the idea that my social location is not a relevant consideration of how I view/decode arguments is just not true (nor do I personally think it is true for anyone).


Below please find a few thoughts as to how I evaluate debates.

1. Speed is not a problem. In most of the Lincoln Douglas I judge, clarity IS a problem. I judge high level policy debates quite a bit and while they are quiet fast, I don’t see clarity as much of an issue with the top teams. Please understand that unstructured paragraphs that are slurred together does not allow the pen time necessary to write things down in the detail you think it might. I reserve the right to yell “clearer” once or twice. Style and substance are fundamentally inseparable.

2. I feel theory is debated far too much in Lincoln – Douglas, and is debated poorly. I am strongly opposed to that practice. My preference is NOT to hear a bad theory debate. I believe the negative does get some “flex”, that said it can’t be unlimited. The idea of reading a “counter shell” against a theory argument is one of the silliest practices I see in contemporary debate. Before the proliferation of theory in Lincoln Douglas I thought RVI’s were silly. They have a place in contemporary LD. I DO NOT think jettisoning the case and going all in on the RVI should be the A strategy in the 1ar. While I like competing interpretations, in the end, I feel even that view is filtered through my perspective of reason/what is reasonable/the best lens for debate. Some intervention is inevitable as we judge.

3. Evidence is important. In my opinion debates/comparisons about the qualifications of authors on competing issues (particularly empirical ones), in addition to a comparison of competing warrants in the evidence, is important. Do you this and not only will your points improve, I am likely to prefer your argument if the comparison is done well. All students should have full cites for materials.

4. I am not a “blank state”. I also feel my role as a judge is to serve a duel function of rendering a decision, in addition to serving a role as educator as well.

5. Words matter. Arguments that are racist, sexist, homophobic etc will not be tolerated.

6. I am not a fan of random; multiple sentence fragments that claim to “spike” out of all of the other teams arguments. At its foundation, debate should be about argument ENGAGEMENT, not evasion.

7. Answer questions in cross-examination. Cross-ex is binding. I do listen carefully to cross – ex.

8. Although I know you have figured it out, Lincoln Douglas does not have a 2AC in the same way that policy does. 1AR’s that advance lots of offense on many negative positions will be rewarded with high points.

9. Debating with a laptop is a choice, if you are reading from a computer I have three expectations that are nonnegotiable:

A) You must jump the documents read to the opposition in a timely manner (before your speech or at worse IMMEDIATELY after your speech) to allow them to prepare or set up an email chain.

B) If your opponent does not have a laptop you need to have a viewing computer OR surrender your computer to them to allow them to prepare. The oppositions need to prep outweighs your need to prep/preflow in that moment in time.

C) My expectation is that the documents that are shared are done in a format that is the same as read by the debater that initially read the material. In other words, I will not tolerate some of the shenanigan’s that seem to exist, including but not limited to, using a non standard word processing program, all caps, no formatting etc.

10. Many debaters have been instructed, or watched others run, “metaethics” with some success. My experience is that many debaters have a very superficial grasp of what this even means. Make sure to explain, and compare your position against the position of your opponent. A good rule of thumb is to assume you don’t win every argument and frame things in an even /if perspective.

11. I do not like skepticism as an argument. It would be in your best interest to not run it in front of me. While perhaps interesting in a philosophy class in college, training young advocates to feel that “morality doesn’t exist” etc. is educationally irresponsible.

12. I do not disclose speaker points. That seems silly to me.


13. Dropped arguments and the “auto-win” seems silly to me. Just because a debater drops a card doesn’t mean you win the debate. Weighing and embedded clash are a necessary component of debate. Good debaters extend their arguments. GREAT debaters do that in addition to explaining the nexus point of clash between their arguments and that of the opposition and WHY I should prefer their argument.

14. I feel it takes more than a sentence (or in many of the rounds I judge a sentence fragment), to make an argument. If the argument was not clear originally, I will allow the opponent to make new arguments.

15. Choose. No matter the speech or the argument.


Please ask me specific questions if you have one before the debate.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Newman Smith Spontaneity 9/27/2019 VLD R3 Carroll Senior CC Colleyville Heritage FR Aff
Newman Smith Spontaneity 9/27/2019 VLD R3 Carroll Senior EP Colleyville Heritage AB Neg
Grapevine Classic 9/6/2019 LD R3 Northland Christian LB Cypress Woods RM Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/6/2019 LD R3 Westwood AL Westside SH Aff
Plano Clark Swing 8/30/2019 PWS R4 Northwest Carroll Senior Neg
Plano Clark Swing 8/30/2019 PWS R3 Grapevine Carroll Senior Neg
Plano Clark Swing 8/30/2019 CLD R1 Carroll Senior CC Plano West Sr DJ Aff
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R10 X235 X260 Aff Aff on a 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R8 X254 X183 Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R6 X140 X190 Neg Neg on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R5 X255 X150 Aff Aff on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R4 X256 X117 Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R3 X103 X161 Aff
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2019 CX R1 X180 X114 Aff Aff on a 2-0
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 LD Semis Harvard-Westlake JN Futures RA Aff Aff on a 2-1
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 LD R2 Appleton East MM Harvard-Westlake MP Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 LD R2 Dougherty Valley KD Harvard-Westlake SM Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2019 LD R1 Edgemont RG Strake Jesuit JH Neg
NDCA 4/13/2019 LD Quarte Appleton East MM Harvard-Westlake VC Neg Neg on a 3-0
NDCA 4/13/2019 LD Octo Harvard-Westlake JN Harrison SN Aff Aff on a 3-0
NDCA 4/13/2019 LD R6 Appleton East MM Harvard-Westlake MP Neg
NDCA 4/13/2019 LD R5 Northwood VA Harvard-Westlake SM Neg
King Round Robin 3/29/2019 LDRR R5 Harrison EL Strake Jesuit BE Neg Neg on a 2-0
King Round Robin 3/29/2019 LDRR R4 Strake Jesuit BE Newark Science OS Aff
King Round Robin 3/29/2019 LDRR R3 Newark Science OS Harrison EL Aff
King Round Robin 3/29/2019 LDRR R2 Harrison EL Northland Christian JQ Aff
Harvard College World Schools Invitational 3/8/2019 WSD R4 TeaVie Cho & Lim & Thien UTS Blue Neg
Harvard College World Schools Invitational 3/8/2019 WSD R3 IvyPlu Chiu & Mah & Lu Blake Green Neg
Harvard College World Schools Invitational 3/8/2019 WSD R1 FDT Green WesPoi Dawood & Jasny & Collet & Huang Aff
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/16/2019 VLD Triple Harvard-Westlake MP Brentwood LE Aff Aff on a 2-1
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/16/2019 VLD Triple Pinnacle KA Harvard-Westlake SK Aff Aff on a 3-0
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/16/2019 VLD R4 Northland Christian ABr Harvard-Westlake SM Neg
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/16/2019 VLD R3 Winston Churchill JE Newark Science SBa Neg
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/16/2019 VLD R3 Cypress Bay IM Harvard-Westlake IM Aff
Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational 2/1/2019 VCX R5 Wichita East SR Eisenhower HJ Neg
Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational 2/1/2019 VCX R4 Crossings Christian HK Jesuit MW Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/25/2019 LD RKR Santa Monica RE Oak Hall KZ Neg Neg on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/25/2019 LD R6 Bronx HS Of Science HW St. Andrew's Episcopal BM Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/25/2019 LD R5 Evanston Twp QH Unionville KL Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/25/2019 LD R5 Meadows KS Oak Hall KZ Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/25/2019 LD R4 Evanston Twp LT Trinity MH Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/17/2019 VLD R6 Portola Bulldogs AS Marlborough SD Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/17/2019 VLD R2 Rancho Bernardo AK Oak Hall KZ Neg
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX Semis Fullerton Union GK Reagan BL Aff Aff on a 2-1
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX Quarte Reagan BL Asian Debate PW Aff Aff on a 2-1
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 WSD R5 Northland Christian LZS Russellville BOSHA Aff
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX R4 Airline MB Baton Rouge Magnet CH Aff
Isidore Newman School Invitational 12/7/2018 VarCX R2 Pace HN Bentonville MT Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R5 New Trier KM St. Andrew's Episcopal DF Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R5 Minnetonka RP St. Andrew's Episcopal OE Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R4 Lakeville South LS Rosemount AS Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R4 William G. Enloe KH Minnetonka CH Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R3 Minnetonka EM Holy Cross BZ Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R3 Mountain Brook MC St. Andrew's Episcopal FY Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/17/2018 VLD R2 Newark Science SB New Trier EM Aff
Hockaday Womens Round Robin 11/11/2018 WSD R3 PlaEas GKH ColHer PCS Aff Aff on a 2-0
Ed Long Invitation at The Hockaday School 11/9/2018 VLD R5 Colleyville Heritage IN Grapevine RS Aff
Ed Long Invitation at The Hockaday School 11/9/2018 VLD R5 Guyer CM John Paul II BT Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD Octos Quarry Lane ZD Harrison AZ Neg Neg on a 2-1
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD Triple Northland Christian ABr Quarry Lane SK Aff Neg on a 2-1
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R6 Lincoln East LP Homewood-Flossmoor AB Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R5 Newark Science TS Strake Jesuit JH Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R4 Edina KS Carroll TR Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R3 Episcopal School of Dallas ZH Eastview MS Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R2 Northland Christian ABr Evanston Twp JA Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/2/2018 VLD R1 Evanston Twp LT Duchesne Academy SV Aff
Alfred Tuna Snider International World Schools Debate Tournamen 10/26/2018 WSD R3 Ithaca UTS 2 Aff
Plano West Wolf Classic 10/19/2018 VCX R1 Jesuit CP FJ St. Mark's School of Texas PG Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD Octas Harvard-Westlake JN Morrison KC Aff Aff on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD Double Harvard-Westlake AM Westlake HS (Austin) AL Aff Aff on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R6 Northland Christian AB St Francis DJ Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R6 Richardson AK St Francis AF Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake JG Westlake HS (Austin) AL Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake JN Colleyville Heritage SM Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R4 Westwood AL Montgomery LC Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/12/2018 LD R2 Lovejoy CM Winston Churchill MD Aff
Holy Cross School Navy and Old Gold Debate and Speech Exhi 9/28/2018 LD Quarte Cypress Ranch MZ Montgomery CC Aff Aff on a 2-1
Grapevine Classic 9/7/2018 LD R2 Garland IR Plano Senior AW Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/7/2018 LD R2 Westwood AZ Northland Christian JQ Aff
NSDA Middle School Nationals 6/19/2018 WSD Semifi China CCT Korea SLP Aff Aff on a 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R8 X221 X130 Neg Neg on a 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R5 X127 X116 Aff Aff on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R4 X165 X235 Neg Neg on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R3 X220 X179 Aff Aff on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R2 X278 X197 Aff Aff on a 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament 6/17/2018 CX R1 X256 X263 Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/28/2018 LD Semis University RH Santa Monica RE Aff Neg on a 2-1
Tournament of Champions 4/28/2018 LD Dbls University RH Harvard-Westlake AM Aff Aff on a 3-0
Tournament of Champions 4/28/2018 LD R5 Newark Science OS Harvard-Westlake JD Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/28/2018 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake AM University RH Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/28/2018 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake SK Immaculate Heart LM Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championship 4/14/2018 LD Quarte Newark Science BA Harvard-Westlake JN Aff Aff on a 2-1
National Debate Coaches Association National Championship 4/14/2018 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake MG University RH Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championship 4/14/2018 LD R3 Harvard-Westlake LM Holy Cross BZ Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championship 4/14/2018 LD R1 Harvard-Westlake MP Walton JA Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championship 4/14/2018 LD R1 Harvard-Westlake JN Newark Science OS Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Semis Marlborough Olivia Feldman Harvard-Westlake Tessa Augsberger Neg Neg on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Quarte Harvard-Westlake Tessa Augsberger Marlborough Isabella Whitney Neg Aff on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 Octas Marlborough SarahMae Tuohy West Des Moines Valley Risha Shetye Aff Aff on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R6 Harvard-Westlake Sophia Musante Marlborough Emma Yanai Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD1 R6 Pace Dylan Kaminski Harvard-Westlake Tessa Augsberger Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD2 R5 Lake Highland Prep Mimi Sawhney West Des Moines Valley Rachel Bartholomew Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/23/2018 LD2 R2 Lake Highland Prep Parnika Agrawal West Des Moines Valley Jalyn Wu Aff
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD Semis Harvard-Westlake JD Brentwood WJ Aff Neg on a 2-1
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD Quarte Harvard-Westlake IP Westwood RM Neg Aff on a 2-1
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD Octas Harvard-Westlake JD Santa Monica RE Neg Aff on a 2-1
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD Double Colleyville Heritage AL Newark Science OS Neg Neg on a 3-0
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD Triple Harvard-Westlake VC Colleyville Heritage AL Neg Neg on a 2-1
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD R6 Marlborough AJ Isidore Newman MK Neg
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD R5 Westwood JA Bellarmine College Prep AP Aff
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD R1 Harvard-Westlake AG Elko HS LM Aff
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/17/2018 VLD R1 Harvard-Westlake SM Canyon Crest SX Neg
California Round Robin 2/15/2018 LD RR Round Palo Alto (Independent) FZ Newark Science OS Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/15/2018 LD RR R1 Newark Science BA Westwood RM Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/15/2018 LD RR R1 Harvard-Westlake JN Marlborough SD Aff Aff on a 2-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/26/2018 LD WAU Quarry Lane SK Success Academy Manhattan AB Neg Neg on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/26/2018 LD R3 Montgomery CD Edgemont ML Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/26/2018 LD R3 Trinity Prep AS Harvard-Westlake MG Neg
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD 1/4 Newark Science BA Brentwood RY Aff Aff on a 2-1
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD 1/16 Torrey Pines FK Westwood RM Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD 1/32 Brentwood JD Northwood VA Aff Aff on a 2-1
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD 1/32 Brentwood RY Cupertino HK Aff Aff on a 3-0
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD R4 Dougherty Valley AB La Salle AT Aff
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD R3 Sage Hill TG Westwood RS Neg
The Harvard Westlake Debates 1/11/2018 VLD R3 Cupertino HK Brentwood WJ Neg
Berkner Tournament 12/8/2017 VLD RD 3 Allen Homeschool KJ Williams DL Aff
Berkner Tournament 12/8/2017 VLD RD 3 Arlington HS Grapevine DV Aff
Berkner Tournament 12/8/2017 VLD RD 1 Colleyville Heritage CW Arlington BK Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD Sextos St. Andrew's Episcopal IB Pennsbury CZ Aff Aff on a 3-0
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD R5 Santa Monica RE Harrison EV Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD R5 Marlborough MC St. Andrew's Episcopal CM Aff
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD R4 Northwood KK Harvard-Westlake IP Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD R4 Edgemont RG Marlborough AJ Neg
Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/18/2017 VLD R2 Pennsbury CZ Park Tudor NM Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD Octos Dougherty Valley KK Cambridge Rindge and Latin AG Neg Neg on a 3-0
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD Double Newark Science OS Harvard-Westlake SP Aff Aff on a 2-1
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD Triple Carroll HS - Southlake JC Harvard-Westlake SP Neg Neg on a 3-0
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R6 Carroll HS - Southlake JC Lakeville North AV Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R5 Northland Christian JW Roseville Area DT Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R4 Lakeville South AL Edina RM Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R3 Roseville Area EC Dougherty Valley KD Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R2 Harvard-Westlake SP Chatfield Senior KM Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/3/2017 VLD R1 Harvard-Westlake SK Isidore Newman MK Aff
Alfred Tuna Snider World Schools Debate Tournament 10/27/2017 WSDC Quarte Canada Red Blake Blue Neg Aff on a 2-1
Alfred Tuna Snider World Schools Debate Tournament 10/27/2017 WSDC R3 McQuaid Jesuit Alfred Almond Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD Quarte Immaculate Heart DD Westwood RM Aff Neg on a 2-1
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD Octas Immaculate Heart DD Harvard-Westlake SP Neg Aff on a 2-1
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD Octas Law Magnet MG Westwood RM Neg Neg on a 2-1
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD Double Law Magnet MG Harvard-Westlake SK Aff Aff on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD Double Westwood DM Harvard-Westlake IP Aff Neg on a 2-1
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R5 Westwood RM Harvard-Westlake LM Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake SK Marlborough SD Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R4 Westlake HS (Austin) AC Westwood AG Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R3 Harvard-Westlake VC Bellarmine College Prep AP Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R3 Law Magnet MG Harvard-Westlake MG Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R1 Kent Denver DT Westlake HS (Austin) JB Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/13/2017 LD R1 Marlborough JS Westwood SM Neg
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD Quarte Texas Academy of Math & Science MX Westwood RM Neg Neg on a 3-0
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD Octafi Westwood JA Law Magnet MG Aff Aff on a 3-0
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD Double Garland KP Westwood RS Neg Neg on a 3-0
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD Double Montgomery MW Texas Academy of Math & Science MX Aff Neg on a 2-1
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R5 Westwood AG Central DP Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R5 Westwood RS Carroll Senior AP Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R2 Colleyville Heritage SM Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R2 Edina MK Isidore Newman EP Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R1 Winston Churchill BR Saginaw MG Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/8/2017 LD R1 Law Magnet MG Winston Churchill WC Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/29/2017 LD Dbls Harvard-Westlake SP Peninsula JL Aff Aff on a 2-1
Tournament of Champions 4/29/2017 LD R4 Westwood SN Law Magnet MG Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/29/2017 LD R4 Earl Warren NO Harvard-Westlake JD Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/29/2017 LD R1 Cedar Park MT Immaculate Heart DD Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/29/2017 LD R1 Dulles AW Peninsula JL Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD Semis Peninsula JL Harvard-Westlake EE Neg Aff on a 2-1
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD Quarte Presentation AS Harvard-Westlake SP Aff Aff on a 3-0
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD R6 Peninsula KL Hockaday KB Aff
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake EE Newark Science DA Aff
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD R4 Newark Science BA Hockaday AS Aff
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 WD R3 Notre Dame Park City Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD R1 Harvard-Westlake MG Peninsula JL Neg
National Debate Coaches Association National Championships 4/8/2017 LD R1 Harvard-Westlake JD Law Magnet MG Neg
Harvard College World Schools Invitational 3/24/2017 WSD Octos UTS Red Vancouver Green Aff Neg on a 2-1
Harvard College World Schools Invitational 3/24/2017 WSD R2 TeaMex Casas & Hurtado & Torres UTS Red Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD1 Finals Harvard-Westlake Jonathan Cosgrove Lake Highland Prep Parnika Agrawal Aff Aff on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD1 Quarte Marlborough Imogene Wolodarsky Santa Monica Rex Evans Neg Neg on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD2 Quarte Mountain Brook Pavel Shirley Cambridge Martino Boni Beadle Neg Neg on a 2-1
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD2 R6 Marlborough Sophia Danielpour Cape Fear Maya Arora Aff
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD2 R2 Medina Logan Gerig West Des Moines Valley Lucas Bryant Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/17/2017 LD2 R2 Cambridge Martino Boni Beadle Lake Highland Prep Meghana Srinivasa Aff
Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational 2/3/2017 VCX R3 JesPre WM Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD MD Harvard-Westlake CE Harrison RP Neg Neg on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD PB Harrison RP Harvard-Westlake EE Neg Aff on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD RKR Newark Science BA Harrison RP Neg Neg on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD WAU Edgemont ML Success Academy SC Neg Neg on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R5 Cypress Woods LC Apple Valley JB Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R5 Grapevine TS Newark Science DA Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R4 Nueva JT University RH Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R4 La Canada AZ St. Andrew's Episcopal BM Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R3 Pittsburgh Central Catholic WS Law Magnet MG Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R3 Grapevine RP Edgemont ML Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R8 Oakwood Secondary School - North Hollywood JW Harvard-Westlake EE Aff Aff on a 2-1
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R5 Immaculate Heart DD Phoenix Country Day PW Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R5 West Ranch JW Harker EM Aff
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R4 Strake Jesuit MC Lynbrook HW Neg Neg on a 2-0
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R4 Harvard-Westlake MF Harrison RP Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 VLD R2 Dougherty Valley PC Santa Monica RE Neg
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 VLD R2 Marlborough ZW TP Falcons FK Aff
Harvard Westlake Debates 1/12/2017 db8la R1 Peninsula JL Lynbrook NS Aff Aff on a 2-0
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD Sextos Harvard-Westlake EE Westwood RM Aff Aff on a 3-0
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R5 Anderson JT Bronx HS Of Science GM Neg
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R5 Southlake Carroll JC Harvard-Westlake JN Aff
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R4 Colleyville Heritage CW Winston Churchill WC Neg
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R4 Newark Science OA Harvard-Westlake SP Neg
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD Semis Kinkaid JY Harvard-Westlake IP Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD Quarte Peninsula JL Immaculate Heart DD Aff Aff on a 3-0
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD Octos Immaculate Heart DD Palo Alto (Independent) BH Aff Aff on a 2-1
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD Double College Prep ZD Palo Alto (Independent) BH Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R6 Marlborough SD Palo Verde LW Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R6 Green Valley KD Kent Denver DT Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R5 Immaculate Heart DD College Prep ZD Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R5 Immaculate Heart MC College Prep DBa Neg
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R3 Notre Dame DS Marlborough MC Neg
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R3 Peninsula JL Rowland Hall-St. Mark's AA Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R2 Marlborough GN Green Valley CP Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/14/2016 LD Octas Westwood RM Harvard-Westlake EE Neg Neg on a 2-1
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/14/2016 LD Double Harvard-Westlake CE Evanston Township DF Aff Aff on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/14/2016 LD R6 Westwood RS Law Magnet MG Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/14/2016 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake EE Westwood SN Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/14/2016 LD R4 Westwood SM Marlborough ZW Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/9/2016 LD Octafi Cedar Park MT Harvard-Westlake SP Aff Neg on a 2-1
Grapevine Classic 9/9/2016 LD Double Harvard-Westlake VC Westwood SN Neg Neg on a 3-0
Grapevine Classic 9/9/2016 LD Double Northland Christian MP Harvard-Westlake JD Neg Neg on a 3-0
Grapevine Classic 9/9/2016 LD R4 Byron Nelson VI Texas Academy MX Neg
Grapevine Classic 9/9/2016 LD R1 Isidore Newman MK Prosper EH Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/9/2016 LD Octas Harker SP Harrison RP Aff Aff on a 2-1
NDCA National Championships 4/9/2016 LD R6 Harrison SR Harvard-Westlake IP Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/9/2016 LD R5 Peninsula IG Marlborough AG Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/9/2016 LD R4 Dougherty Valley SZ Harvard-Westlake NS Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/9/2016 LD R4 Harrison RP Harvard-Westlake NP Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD Double Plano East AK Peninsula KK Neg Neg on a 2-1
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD Triple Newark Science AK Harvard-Westlake LY Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD Triple Northland Christian ML Peninsula JL Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R5 Eastside Catholic NM La Canada AZ Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R5 Harvard-Westlake CE Newark Science BA Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R3 Isidore Newman CM Peninsula JL Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R2 Presentation AS Harvard-Westlake SK Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R2 Presentation JW Harvard-Westlake EKi Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R1 Gig Harbor KG Kinkaid JY Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R1 Gig Harbor CM Meadows AT Neg
2016 California Round Robin 2/11/2016 LD RR R6 Mission San Jose SS Lake Highland Prep MC Aff Aff on a 2-0
2016 California Round Robin 2/11/2016 LD RR R6 HarvardWestlake NS Loyola JO Aff Aff on a 2-0
2016 California Round Robin 2/11/2016 LD RR R4 Newark Science AK Peninsula JL Neg Neg on a 2-0
2016 California Round Robin 2/11/2016 LD RR R3 Immaculate Heart LM HarvardWestlake CC Neg Neg on a 2-0
2016 California Round Robin 2/11/2016 LD RR R3 Phoenix Country Day PW Newark Science AK Neg Neg on a 2-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD RKR Harvard-Westlake NS Benjamin Franklin SF Aff Aff on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD WAU Peninsula JL Law Magnet DD Aff Aff on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD WAU Newark Science AK Delbarton VK Aff Aff on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R5 Henry W. Grady CD Harvard-Westlake IP Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R5 Northland Christian ML Montgomery High RM Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R4 Benjamin Franklin SF Peninsula KK Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R4 Myers Park LM Palo Alto (Independent) AM Neg
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R6 Eastside Catholic DC West NC Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R5 Law Magnet DD Holy Cross TL Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R5 Newark Science BA Meadows AT Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R4 West KL Newark Science DA Neg
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R4 Nova High JK Neenah KS Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R1 Eastside Catholic NM
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R1 Marlborough GK Whitefish Bay RD Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Double Rosemount WL Harvard Westlake CC Neg Neg on a 3-0
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Millard North PK Strake Jesuit CP ML Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Hockaday AS Cedar Park MT Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Bronx Science GM Northland Christian MP Aff
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Presentation MS St. Thomas JB Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Episcopal AB Northland Christian ML Neg
Apple Valley MinneApple Debate 11/6/2015 VLD Round Cy-Fair CM Evanston Township GH Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD Quarte Harvard-Westlake CC La Canada AZ Neg Aff on a 2-1
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD Octos Law Magnet DD Peninsula JL Neg Neg on a 2-1
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD R6 Law Magnet DD Harvard-Westlake EE Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake CC Palo Alto (Independent) FZ Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD R3 Rowland Hall-St. Mark's KO Harvard-Westlake WP Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/30/2015 LD R3 La Reina EP Kinkaid VL Aff
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Octas Harvard-Westlake NS Law Magnet DD Aff Aff on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Double Harvard-Westlake JN Montgomery WP Neg Neg on a 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Round Marlborough AG Harvard-Westlake CE Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Round Law Magnet JM Peninsula IG Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Round Dulles KS Harvard-Westlake JN Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational 10/16/2015 LD Round Colleyville Heritage AS Crosby JM Aff
Grapevine Classic 9/11/2015 CX R5 Liberal Arts and Science Academy - LBJ CM Winston Churchill MW Neg
Grapevine Classic 9/11/2015 CX R3 Union SG Hendrickson WS Neg
Grapevine Classic 9/11/2015 CX R1 St. Mark's School of Texas PK College Prep MD Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/25/2015 LD R6 Harrison KK Evanston Township CT Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/25/2015 LD R3 Eastside Catholic TD Newark Science CQ Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD Octo Newark Science CQ Harvard-Westlake CC Aff Aff on a 2-1
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake IP Presentation MS Aff
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD R4 Midway JH Harvard-Westlake EE Aff
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD R2 Marlborough AG Newark Science SS Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD R1 Rancho Bernardo AR Marlborough GK Neg
NDCA National Championships 4/12/2015 LD R1 Gig Harbor CA Peninsula KK Neg
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/20/2015 CX2 Finals Wayzata Lu & Jain Milton Hackman & Hoover Neg Aff on a 3-2
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/20/2015 CX2 Quarte Chicago Lab Schools Jiao & Navarre Milton Hackman & Hoover Neg Neg on a 3-0
1st and 2nd Year National Championships at Woodward Academy 3/20/2015 CX2 Octafi Westminster Schools Brannen & Bailey Montgomery Bell Cooper & Kaplan Aff Aff on a 3-0
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/14/2015 VLD R4 St Francis SW Meadows LS Neg
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/14/2015 VLD R4 Harvard-Westlake EE Meadows KT Aff
Cal Invitational UC Berkeley 2/14/2015 VLD R2 Harker KQ Harvard-Westlake EW Aff
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R7 Peninsula AJ Meadows MS Aff
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R4 Harvard-Westlake NS Torrey Pines VB Aff Aff on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R4 Meadows MS Newark Science AF Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R3 Marlborough AG Peninsula AT Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R3 Newark Science AF Harker KQ Aff Aff on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R2 Harvard-Westlake CE Newark Science SS Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R1 Harker KQ Harvard-Westlake NS Neg
California Round Robin 2/12/2015 LD RR R1 Torrey Pines VB Peninsula AJ Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD RK Rad Newark Science AK Bronx Science GM Aff Aff on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD WA Ulr Newark Science CQ Colleyville Heritage RK Aff Aff on a 3-0
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R6 Hawken MZ Laurel Christian SH Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R5 Law Magnet DD Harvard-Westlake CC Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R5 St. Andrew's Episcopal KG Holy Cross RS Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R4 Newark Science AK Henry W. Grady WT Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R4 Colleyville Heritage RK Bronx Science ID Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R3 Lake Cormorant ZM Madison Central RT Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R3 Henry W. Grady MF Trinity PS Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/23/2015 LD R1 Brown BD Riverside AH Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Octas Lexington DA Harker PR Neg Neg on a 2-1
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Meadows SK Appleton East HS (A) BA Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Clements FT Newark Science AK Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Sacred Heart AT Newark Science AF Neg
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Kinkaid JY Evanston CT Neg
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Bronx Science CL Law Magnet MH Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/22/2014 VLD Round Marlborough AG Peninsula IG Aff
The Meadows School 10/31/2014 LD Octos Harvard-Westlake NS La Canada AZ Aff Aff on a 3-0
The Meadows School 10/31/2014 LD R5 Harvard-Westlake DM Kinkaid EH Aff
The Meadows School 10/31/2014 LD R3 Marlborough CL Harker ML Aff
The Meadows School 10/31/2014 LD R3 Harvard-Westlake AG CASLV SA Aff
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks 10/18/2014 VCX Round Glenbrook South AK Meadows CN Aff
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks 10/18/2014 VCX Round Jesuit CP DB Calhoun KS Aff
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks 10/18/2014 VCX Round Woodward AB Austin SFA EE Neg
Tournament of Champions 4/26/2014 LD R7 Kinkaid TG Collegiate AO Neg
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD Semis Newark Science CQ Peninsula AJ Aff Aff on a 2-1
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD Octas College Prep CL Harker SP Neg Neg on a 2-1
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD Octas Harvard-Westlake CC Peninsula AT Aff Aff on a 2-1
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R6 Bronx Science ID Alta SI Aff
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R5 Bingham TP Rowland Hall-St. Mark's JO Aff
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R4 Harker KQ Bronx Science DR Aff
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R3 Meadows SM Harvard-Westlake AK Neg
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R2 Harker ZD College Prep CL Neg
NDCA Championships 4/12/2014 LD R1 Hillcrest HD Harker SP Neg
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD Quarte College Prep CL Harker PR Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD Octas Northland Christian DL Harker PR Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD Triple Harvard Westlake WG College Prep CL Neg Neg on a 3-0
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD Triple Cypress Bay JF Presentation SK Aff Aff on a 3-0
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R7 Taylor JY St. Thomas JB Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R7 Dougherty Valley AR Harker SL Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R6 Tigard DS Harker MS Neg
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R6 Harvard Westlake MO Isidore Newman MK Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R4 Northland Christian DL Harker SP Neg
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R4 Harvard Westlake JE Cypress Bay KS Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R2 Evergreen RS Mountain View Idaho CH Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R2 Harvard Westlake CE Presentation NH Aff
The Cal Invitational at UC Berkeley 2/15/2014 VLD R1 St Francis AC Kinkaid NK Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2013 LD Octo Harrison DD Meadows EH Aff Aff on a 2-0
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2013 LD R7 Harrison DD La Jolla RP Aff
Tournament of Champions 4/27/2013 LD R1 Marcus MH Kinkaid JL Neg
New York City Invitational 10/19/2012 TD Sexto LextonRM KKaid BY Aff Aff on a 3-0
New York City Invitational 10/19/2012 TD 4 McDonoER NYCUDLCH Aff
New York City Invitational 10/19/2012 TD 3 StuyveDD McDonoRT Aff
New York City Invitational 10/19/2012 TD 2 BishopRV NYCUDLLT Aff