Jeffrey Richards Paradigm

Last changed 9/23 9:00A PDT

 

Background: I was a policy debater for Dimond High School in Anchorage, AK; in college, I debated in CEDA 4 years for Northwest Nazarene University in Nampa, ID. I have coached policy, LD, and I.E.'s at Meridian High School in Boise, ID, Sammamish High School in Seattle, WA, and currently with Eastside Catholic High School in Sammamish, WA. I have had two textbooks on competitive debate published by National Textbook Company (now McGraw-Hill): Moving from Policy to Value Debate and Debating by Doing. I have coached LD competitors at the 2015 Tournament of Champions and at several NFL Nationals tournaments. I have judged many policy and LD high school debate rounds locally in WA and at national circuit tournaments.

 

Approach: I see competitive debate as a strategic activity where both sides attempt to exclude the other’s arguments and keep them from functioning. As such, I expect both debaters to argue the evaluative frameworks that apply in this particular round and how they function with regard to the positions that have been advanced.

 

My Ballot: The better you access my ballot, the more you keep me from intervening. You access my ballot best when you clearly and simply tell me (1) what argument you won, (2) why you won it, and (3) why that means you win the round. Don’t under-estimate the importance of #3: It would be a mistake to assume that all arguments are voters and that winning the argument means you win the round. You need to clearly provide the comparative analysis by which arguments should be weighed or you risk the round by leaving that analysis in my hands. I will not look to evaluate every nuance of the line-by-line; it is your responsibility to tell me which arguments are most relevant and significant to the decision.

 

Let’s use Theory RVIs as an example. Some judges disfavor these arguments, but in front of me, they are perfectly acceptable. However, the fact that you beat back a theory position from your opponent does not, in and of itself, provide you access to an RVI. To win an RVI posted against a theory position generally requires that you demonstrate that your opponent ran the argument in bad faith (e.g., only as a time suck, without intent to go for the argument), and that the argument caused actual harm in the round. When it comes to potential abuse, I tend to agree with the Supreme Court's view in FCC v. Pacifica: "Invalidating any rule on the basis of its hypothetical application to situations not before the Court is 'strong medicine' to be applied 'sparingly and only as a last resort.'" You certainly can argue for a different evaluative framework for the RVI, but you cannot assume that I already have one.

 

Think, before you start your rebuttal(s). Ask yourself, what do I have to win in order to win the round? Whatever the answer to that question is, that is where you start and end your speech.

 

Paradigm: The most important thing I can do in any debate round is to critique the arguments presented in the round. As such, I consider myself very liberal about what you do in a debate round, but conservative about how you do it. What that means for debaters is that you can run just about any argument you like, but you will need to be persuasive and thorough about how you do it. If you run theory, for example, you will need to understand the jurisdictional nature of theory arguments and either provide a compelling argument why the violation is so critical that dropping the debater is the only appropriate remedy or a convincing justification as to why theory should have a low threshold (competing interps). I try very hard not to inject myself into the debate, and I do my best to allow the speakers to develop what they think are the important issues.

 

Additional Items to Consider:

 

1. Speed is fine, but don’t chop off the ends of your words, or I will have trouble understanding you. Rapid speech is no excuse for failing to enunciate and emphasize arguments you want to be sure I get on my flow.

 

 2. Argue competing paradigms. This is true in every form of debate. I am not married to any single framework, but too often, the underlying assumptions of how I need to view the round to give your arguments more impact than those of your opponent go unstated, much less debated. Tell me WHY your argument matters most. It’s okay to shift my paradigm to better access your impacts; just tell me why I should do so and how.

 

 3. Presumption is a framework issue but is given short shrift almost every time I hear it argued. My default position is to be skeptical of any proposition until there is good and sufficient reason to accept it. That means presumption generally lies against the resolution until the affirmative presents a prima facie case to accept it. If you want to shift presumption so that it lies in a different position (with the prevailing attitude, in favor of fundamental human rights, etc.), then be sure to justify the shift in mindset and clearly explain whether that means we err on the side of the resolution being true or false.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/22/2019 LD Sems Ferris Celia Vigil Bellingham Lucy Sun Aff Aff on a 3-0
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/22/2019 LD Octas Puyallup Serena Snowden Lewis and Clark Skye Cordero Neg Neg on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/22/2019 LD R3 Davis Mercedes Mendoza Raisbeck Aviation Ryan Lipour Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/22/2019 LD R2 Gig Harbor Anna Cardinal North Central Colton Schons Aff
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R6 Interlake Yadav Interlake Wang Neg Neg on a 3-0
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R6 Interlake Kumar Newport Li Neg Aff on a 2-1
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OCX R5 Garfield Thomas & Frazer Ingraham Prieb & Orita Aff
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R3 Interlake Liu Forest Ridge Sui Neg
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R2 Inglemoor Guo Interlake Bomberger Neg
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R2 Forest Ridge Gupta Interlake Yadav Neg
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R1 Bellevue Li Interlake Wang Neg
Winterlake Invitational 2/1/2019 OLD R1 Newport Chen Interlake Bae Aff
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-LD Quarte Raisbeck Aviation HT Interlake AX Aff Aff on a 3-0
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-CX R5 Ingraham TS Garfield FT Neg
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-LD R3 Gig Harbor KR Mount Vernon JT Neg
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-LD R3 Interlake RW Puyallup SS Aff
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-LD R2 BELLINGHAM UNITED DEBATE CLUB AB Bellevue AC Aff
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/16/2018 O-LD R2 Mount Vernon JT Interlake ZL Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD Finals Mount Vernon Emily Klein Kamiak Nikolas Battle Neg Neg on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD Sems Raisbeck Aviation Hong Ta Mount Vernon Emily Klein Neg Neg on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD Qrtrs Gig Harbor Kayla Garcia Newport Anne Lim Aff Neg on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD Octas Ferris Chloe Campbell Wenatchee Kody Richards Aff Aff on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD R6 Tumwater James Stafford Gonzaga Prep William Foster-Dow Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD R4 Central Valley Tyler Todd Capital Ellison Roycroft Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD R2 Lewis and Clark Skye Cordero Kamiak Angie Wang Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament at Gonzaga University 3/16/2018 LD R1 Gonzaga Prep Charles Ruddell Vashon Matilda Stricherz Aff
Western Washington District Tournament 3/2/2018 LD R5 2001 2002 Neg Neg on a 3-0
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R7 Gig Harbor KG Interlake ZL Neg Neg on a 2-1
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R6 Newport SX Interlake ZL Neg Neg on a 3-0
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R4 Capital ER Gig Harbor KR Aff
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R4 Puyallup DB Gig Harbor TA Neg
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 JLD R3 Puyallup VC Raisbeck Aviation DR Neg
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 JLD R3 Puyallup DC University SA Aff
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R2 Gig Harbor KG Capital ET Aff
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 OLD R2 Newport VC Raisbeck Aviation HT Neg
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 JLD R1 Puyallup SS Gig Harbor ZS Aff
Federal Way Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 1/12/2018 JLD R1 Gig Harbor OS Olympic CL Aff
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD E3 Westview RS Kamiak NB Neg Neg on a 2-1
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD E2 Westview RS Woodrow Wilson EK Aff Aff on a 3-0
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 LDJV E1 Interlake CL Gig Harbor KR Neg Neg on a 2-1
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R6 Mount Vernon GP Lake Oswego Senior PS Neg
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R6 Brentwood EC BELLINGHAM UNITED DEBATE CLUB WB Neg
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R4 Kamiak NB Westview AM Aff
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R4 McMinnville AJ Tahoma Senior DP Neg
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 LDNO R3 Newport LX Central Valley SP Aff
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R3 Mountain View MS Brentwood DW Aff
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R2 BELLINGHAM UNITED DEBATE CLUB DP Tahoma Senior JB Aff
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R2 Newport SX Tahoma Senior HG Neg
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R1 Los Altos PD Brentwood HG Neg
Puget Sound 84th High School Invitational 1/5/2018 OLD R1 West Linn DT Gig Harbor KG Neg
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD semis Gig Harbor TA Mount Vernon EK Neg Neg on a 2-1
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 NLD R6 Newport DG Raisbeck Aviation DR Aff
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 NLD R6 Puyallup SS Gig Harbor KR Neg
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R5 Bham PP Puyallup DB Aff
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R3 Puyallup HP Gig Harbor GP Neg
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R3 Bham WB Eastlake SR Aff
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R2 Puyallup LP Mount Vernon EK Neg
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R1 Bham LSh Raisbeck Aviation HT Neg
Auburn Riverside Invitational and NIETOC Qualifier 12/8/2017 OLD R1 Mount Vernon GP Interlake MW Neg
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/17/2017 O-LD R3 Mount Vernon GP Newport AM Neg
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/17/2017 O-LD R3 Raisbeck Aviation HT Newport VC Aff
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/17/2017 O-LD R1 Interlake CL Gig Harbor KG Neg
Tahoma High School Golden Bear Classic 11/17/2017 O-LD R1 Vashon MS Olympia HW Aff
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 NLD quarte Gig Harbor KR Newport JH Aff Aff on a 2-1
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OCX R5 Gig Harbor SG Ingraham DV Neg
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OLD R4 Vashon AP BaiIsl MB Aff
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OPF R3 Kingston HJ Newport LN Aff
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OPF R3 Olympic MB Newport SC Neg
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OLD R2 IntHS EZ Puyall DB Aff
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OLD R2 Puyall LP TahSen HG Neg
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OLD R1 Puyall AB CenVal AL Neg
Gig Harbor Invitational 11/3/2017 OLD R1 Newpor VC Puyall DK Aff
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/17/2017 LD Octas Mount VernonAvindea Hanson Raisbeck AviationJulia Shettler Aff Aff on a 2-1
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/17/2017 LD R6 Davis DebateYami Jacobo Heritage HS - VancouverCorrin Allgood Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/17/2017 LD R4 Gonzaga Prep Will Foster-Dow Gig HarborSummer Ash Neg
Washington State Debate Tournament 3/17/2017 LD R2 Gig HarborColin McKay Mount VernonEmily Klein Aff
Redmond Forensics Invitational 2/4/2017 LD Semi F TahSen JR Newpor JY Neg
Redmond Forensics Invitational 2/4/2017 LD R4 Newpor AL TahSen JR Aff
Redmond Forensics Invitational 2/4/2017 LD R1 Ingrah AP BeaCre CS Aff
Redmond Forensics Invitational 2/4/2017 LD R1 BeaCre VG TahSen MM Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD WAU Newark Science BA Oakwood AW Aff Aff on a 2-1
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R6 Pine Crest Preparatory ZV Southlake Carroll JC Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R5 Peninsula JL Success Academy SC Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R5 Oakwood AW Nueva JT Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R3 Anderson JT Southlake Carroll SM Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R1 Niceville ED Homewood-Flossmoor MB Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/27/2017 LD R1 Harrison RP Success Academy AB Aff
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 LDNO E2 BELLINGHAM UNITED DEBATE CLUB PP Central Valley TT Neg Neg on a 3-0
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R6 Mount Vernon EK Raisbeck Aviation JS Neg
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R6 Gig Harbor CM Mount Vernon AH Aff
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R4 Gig Harbor SA Tahoma Senior JR Neg
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R4 Interlake HS - Bellevue RM Westview RS Aff
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R3 Brentwood KM Gig Harbor EA Aff
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R3 Santa Monica RE Brentwood EB Neg
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R1 Newport Senior JY Tahoma Senior HG Aff
83rd Annual Puget Sound High School Tournament 1/6/2017 OLD R1 Interlake HS - Bellevue MW Brentwood LR Aff
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R7 Newark Science DA Katy Taylor AW Neg
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R7 West Des Moines Valley KK Bellarmine AP Aff
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R6 Holy Cross TL Success Academy SC Neg
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R6 Hoover AMy Holy Cross BZ Neg
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R4 Harrison BS Anderson SJ Aff
2016 Glenbrooks Speech and Debate Tournament 11/19/2016 VLD R2 Peninsula IG New Trier BS Aff
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OCX R10 Centennial MT OES (Oregon Episcopal School) LR Neg Neg on a 3-0
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD Octs Sunset AB GigHar KG Aff Aff on a 3-0
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD Octs Centen SB GigHar CM Neg Neg on a 3-0
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD Double Spragu SM Centen SB Neg Neg on a 2-1
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD Double Capita CL GigHar KG Neg Neg on a 2-1
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R6 Centen HH GigHar CM Neg
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R6 GonPre MA Eagle JB Aff
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OCX R5 Lincoln KS Mead SM Aff
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R4 Centen ER GigHar SA Neg
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R4 GigHar KG MouVie DL Neg
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R3 Centen SB GonPre RO Aff
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R3 GonPre TJ IL RM Neg
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R2 Spragu SM Eagle LB Neg
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R2 Sunset AB Eagle EC Aff
Central Valley Bear Brawl 11/11/2016 OLD R1 RA ER Kamiak NB Neg
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R6 Loyola AO Marlborough AJ Aff
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R4 Palo Verde LW Loyola NT Neg
The Meadows Invitational 10/28/2016 LD R3 Palo Verde NE Peninsula SL Aff
Mid America Cup West Des Moines Valley 9/24/2016 VLD R6 Millard North TQ Bettendorf RN Aff
Mid America Cup West Des Moines Valley 9/24/2016 VLD R6 Harrison LC Harker EM Neg
Mid America Cup West Des Moines Valley 9/24/2016 VLD R3 West Des Moines Valley CB Harrison EL Neg
Mid America Cup West Des Moines Valley 9/24/2016 VLD R3 Harker QC West Des Moines Valley JM Aff
Mid America Cup West Des Moines Valley 9/24/2016 VLD R1 West Des Moines Valley LG Oakwood AW Neg
Yale Invitational 9/16/2016 VLD Double Gilmour SW Ridge SK Neg Neg on a 3-0
Yale Invitational 9/16/2016 VLD Runoff West Des Moines Valley CT Harvard-Westlake JN Neg Neg on a 2-1
Yale Invitational 9/16/2016 VLD Rd 5 Ridge SK Success Academy SC Neg
Yale Invitational 9/16/2016 VLD Rd 2 Lexington NG Jackson Local Schools SP Aff
Yale Invitational 9/16/2016 VLD Rd 1 Gilmour SW Academy of the Holy Angels JK Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R6 El Cerrito JB La Costa Canyon ZT Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R6 Brophy CP EK Henry W. Grady CD Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R5 Bellarmine CP Oakwood School - North Hollywood AW Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R5 Immaculate Heart DD Sprague CG Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R4 Immaculate Heart MC Mira Loma CL Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R4 Juan Diego Catholic GS Immaculate Heart KK Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R3 New Trier CM La Reina ESv Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R3 Palo Alto (Independent) GC Harker SN Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R2 Brentwood SS Immaculate Heart MS Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R2 Immaculate Heart CH Brentwood WJ Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R1 El Cerrito EM Loyola NT Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament 2/13/2016 VLD R1 Loyola ZM La Costa Canyon KL Aff
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R3 Loyola BS Newark Science AK Neg
Barkley Forum for High Schools 1/29/2016 LD R3 Harrison SR Henry W. Grady WT Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R6 Corner Canyon PB East WH Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R4 George Washington CO CB Presentation AA Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R4 Immaculate Heart DD Juan Diego Catholic CS Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R3 Jordan JK Salem Hills ML Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R2 Green River AG Presentation KS Neg
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R2 Sage Ridge SD Presentation AS Neg
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R1 East NO Logan YB Aff
Alta Silver and Black 12/3/2015 LD R1 Skyline EF Jordan SC Aff
The Glenbrooks 11/21/2015 LD R5 Holy Cross RS Harrison KK Neg
Minneapple Round Robin 11/9/2014 R2 Emma Weddle 106 Neg Neg on a 2-0
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD Triple University School (FL) DB Walt Whitman JL Neg Aff on a 2-1
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R6 Walt Whitman JB Maret AJ Neg
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R6 George Ranch MR Cypress Woods JG Neg
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R5 Liberty Christian BS Hockaday FH Aff
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R4 Seven Lakes CY Mountain View SS Neg
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R4 Cypress Woods RL Kelly Walsh GG Aff
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 JVLD R1 North Allegheny EM Acton-Boxborough JL Aff
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R1 Mountain Pointe EH Durham DB Neg
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 VLD R1 Bronx Science ID duPont Manual SWa Aff
Harvard Invitational 2/13/2014 JVLD R1 Connally LA Delbarton VK Neg
The VBT 1/3/2014 NLD Quart PV Peninsula Catherine Kim POLYTECHNIC Shane Garrity Aff Aff on a 3-0
The VBT 1/3/2014 NLD NR6 Dougherty Valley Hailey Baker Marlborough Claire Lemoine Neg
The VBT 1/3/2014 NLD NR3 POLYTECHNIC Shane Garrity PV Peninsula Catherine Kim Neg
The VBT 1/3/2014 NLD NR2 POLYTECHNIC Mateo Ortiz Marlborough Grace Kim Neg
The VBT 1/3/2014 NLD NR1 PV Peninsula Ishan Gaur Oakwood Secondary Michelle Separzdeh Aff