Nicholas Jennings Paradigm

Last changed 15 October 2021 9:30 AM CDT
Lincoln-Douglas

Overall: You should probably recognize that my background is in policy debate and it largely informs most of my viewpoints on LD debate. That being said I have been judging a large number of LD rounds and will likely continue to do so. Thus we need to have a paradigm for you all.

Friv Theory: if you read a 2 paragraph block that has 6 IVI's in it? I'm only going to flow what I flow I'm not going to go read your 2 paragraphs to figure out if you read the 4th point of the IVI or not. If it's not flowed it didn't happen. If you have a well-warranted and clear shell you have no real worries about if I will vote for theory assuming you win it. I would definitely say I'm truth over tech tho so keep that in mind.

Traditional formats: you can read this but for the most part LD has moved beyond this style. I don't have any issues with this strategy. I however normally think it lacks strategic depth.

Kritikal Formats: these are fine I'm pretty well versed in most critical literature, I prefer debates that clearly articulate the format, focus, and purpose of the round, or debate or the ballot even. I'm probably not the best judge for debaters who like to use buzzwords and pretend they are arguments. If you cannot clearly explain your theory of power, link and alternative I'm a bad judge for you.

LARPing: obviously I understand 99.9% of the strategies you will go for, but also realize that I've judged a tremendous number of K versus larp debates. I don't have a great record for affs versus kritiks in LD, I think this is because of two issues I've seen repeat.

1) You do not clearly identify and defend your stasis point maybe that's humanism, statism, or pragmatism. You let the negative simply attack you on the level of "Antihumanism, or Antistatism"

2) You lose track of your case, you just debate the kritik instead of explaining why your case is comparatively better pedagogy than the kritik, or how you could solve a real problem versus functionally doing nothing.

High Theory/Phil Theory: So I've seen these rounds, and I feel they tend to be strategically unsound and rely on a huge smokescreen of friv theory (see my above about friv theory). I've voted for these things before, it's not unwinnable but do not rely on technical drops especially if there is an obvious way the other flows interact. The idea that I put a blinder on and ignore arguments because of the physical location on the flow seems nonsensical to me.

Policy Debate

Overall: This sounds simple but it can be difficult, at the end of the round my ballot should sound like the beginning of the 2AR or the 2NR. I would like you to explicitly implicate your arguments and form for me the basic idea of why I should vote for you. The best debaters tend to do this at the beginning of every 2NR and 2AR.

Disadvantages: I don't like DA's with uniqueness counter-plans, other than that almost any disadvantage is acceptable.

Counter-plans: the legitimacy of counter-plans should always be called into question. why would you just let a team steal most of your offense? I normally don't buy X type of counter-plan is a voter, however, I am more likely to vote for it as a reason to disallow the counter-plan. The burden of proof in those situations is much different, to win it is a voter you have to argue that debate is fundamentally impossible to do when X type of counter-plan is introduced. (an example might be Consult Counter-plans don't test the means or necessity of plan action makes it impossible to garner offense without conceding a DA, makes any choice the aff makes a bad choice.) However with rejecting the argument as the standard, I'd be willing to ask the question "Does this Counter-plan make the debate more or less educational, more or less fair. If it makes debate less educational and less fair then that is a sufficient reason to reject the counter-plan.

Kritiks: Theory wise sees counter-plans. Floating PIKS theory needs a Link. Clear and precise (Link-Impact-AltSolves-Perm doesn't) analysis is the quickest way for me to the pull the trigger on the kritik. If you can explain that full chain and I buy your analysis you're in a good place on the kritik (assuming you're not losing framework/theory/impact weighing. )

Framework: I think it's generally accepted that Affs should read frameworks that let them weigh their impacts against any kritik, also I generally think the aff is right they should be able to defend the fiat of the 1AC i.e. their impact claims shouldn't be wished away. Note to aff teams just because you win framework does not mean that you have answered the various impact framing arguments in the round, I've heard several times "but on the framework they conceded we get to weigh our impacts." my response is then "Sure, but you don't win that we have any Value to Life in that world/that these threats are constructed and not real/that/etc. I don't think this is controversial at all.

Role of the Ballot: so unlike some people, I don't think you have to explicitly state "our Role of the ballot is" while helpful sometimes one could also say "this debate round should be about x" or the "Role of the Judge is X" all of these are competing for claims on how I should approach my ballot how I should vote, what my ballot means etc.

Kritik AFFs: I prefer affs that defend a topical plan for a kritikal reason i.e. we shouldn't surveil African Americans, followed by claims about how surveillance of black bodies is bad. versus just standing up and saying "Black bodies are surveilled that's terrible you have some kind of ethical decision making to vote aff, here's Memimi." This is a preference and doesn't mean I stop listening when an alternative debate style is defended it's just what I find is the best solution to winning in front of me on a kritikal affirmative.

Framework (NEG): Framework can be a viable option for teams debating affs without plan text etc, as long as you answer and deal with the larger education/Fairness claims the aff is inevitably going to lob your way. You could win debate would be awesome with just policy affs but if you concede that this is a form of white settlerism that dominates and erases Native Americans from existence you tend to lose rounds on framework.

Components: need a clear and precise interp that allows you to skirt the offense of the aff, need a clear and precise "topical version of the aff", need to win switch-side debating is in fact good, need to win it's possible for X or Y type of people to enter into the political, do political actions, embrace politics or some other variant of "X type of people can do policy debate", finally need to win an impact. Do those have a solid shot of winning my ballot.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Lv Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
Grapevine Classic HS 2021-09-10 VCX R3 Damien MA Westside KS Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R7 317 221 Aff Aff 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R6 102 214 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R5 245 275 Neg Neg 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R4 237 121 Aff
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R3 205 203 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2021-06-07 CX R1 222 197 Aff Aff 2-0
King Round Robin HS 2021-03-25 LD R7 Harrison GC Harvard-Westlake SM Neg
King Round Robin HS 2021-03-25 LD R6 Harrison AA Immaculate Heart JL Aff
King Round Robin HS 2021-03-25 LD R2 Greenhill KD Harrison AA Aff Aff 2-0
UIL 19 6A District Speech Debate Tournament HS 2021-03-23 LD R1 113 124 Aff
Texas UIL CX State Tournament Conference 4A 5A 6A HS 2021-03-19 4A R4 Tuloso Midway KX Wimberley MP Aff
Texas UIL CX State Tournament Conference 4A 5A 6A HS 2021-03-19 5A R2 South Texas ISD Science SP LV Hightower GJ Aff
Texas UIL CX State Tournament Conference 4A 5A 6A HS 2021-03-19 5A R1 Sharyland MR Whitehouse HH Aff
TFA State HS 2021-03-10 CX R6 Sandra Day O'Connor WL Jesuit MN Aff
TFA State HS 2021-03-10 CX R3 Lovejoy RZ Dripping Springs KM Neg
TFA State HS 2021-03-10 CX R1 Princeton AD Langham Creek CL Neg
East Texas District Tournament HS 2021-03-03 CX RD 2 266 268 Aff
Harvard Round Robin HS 2021-02-11 LDRR R5 Harris GC Whitmn BW Aff
Harvard Round Robin HS 2021-02-11 LDRR R3 Whitmn BW Woodla LW Aff
Harvard Round Robin HS 2021-02-11 LDRR R2 LakHig AM Strake ZD Neg Neg 2-0
Harvard Round Robin HS 2021-02-11 LDRR R1 Northv SD Harris AA Aff Aff 2-0
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 NCX Octos SMSOT AP Barsto GP Aff Aff 3-0
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 Pol Double Barsto BM Westwo LX Aff Aff 2-1
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 NCX R5 Jesuit ML Kinkai LT Neg
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 NCX R3 Height BK LanCre SN Aff
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 Pol R2 Shark JB Barsto BM Neg
The Cougar Classic at the University of Houston HS 2021-01-14 NCX R1 Westwo PS Kickap RC Neg
The Longhorn Classic Online HS 2020-12-04 CCX Octafi Reagan Azad & Gutierrez Woodward Thakur & Li Aff Aff 3-0
The Longhorn Classic Online HS 2020-12-04 CCX R1 Heritage Hall Ring & Le Reagan Lurtz & Schroeder Neg
Katy Taylor TFA TOC NIETOC Fall Classic HS 2020-11-12 VCX Semis Glenda Dawson SJ Kinkaid FZ Neg Aff 2-1
Katy Taylor TFA TOC NIETOC Fall Classic HS 2020-11-12 VCX Quarte Elkins GM Westside YR Neg Neg 3-0
Katy Taylor TFA TOC NIETOC Fall Classic HS 2020-11-12 NCX R1 Langham Creek LI Westwood KoSh Neg
Atascocita High School TFA HS 2020-10-11 CX R3 North Kansas City Dixon & Mohamad Barbers Hill Mairena & Boullion AFF
Atascocita High School TFA HS 2020-10-11 LD R1 William P. Clements Cheraku Texas City Sendejas NEG
The Dulles Classic HS 2020-09-30 CX Finals L C Anderson KL Dripping Springs KM Neg Neg 3-0
Grapevine Classic HS 2020-09-11 VCX R5 Reagan KR Jesuit RM Neg
Grapevine Classic HS 2020-09-11 VCX R4 Parker JS BASIS San Antonio Shavano XM Neg
Grapevine Classic HS 2020-09-11 VCX R2 Parker TR Wylie E. Groves GF Neg
Grapevine Classic HS 2020-09-11 VCX R1 Isidore Newman EP Reagan AG Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R10 X165 X124 Aff Aff 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R9 X134 X283 Neg Neg 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R8 X167 X227 Neg Aff 2-1
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R7 X131 X266 Neg Neg 2-1
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R6 X248 X292 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R5 X293 X180 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2020-06-12 CX R4 X195 X173 Aff
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2020-01-10 Pol R3 Kink ZF Westwo YN Neg
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2020-01-10 Pol R2 Melissa MH Prosp RW Neg
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2020-01-10 Pol R1 WestSide KS Hebron LH Neg
Grapevine Classic HS 2019-09-06 PFD Octos Plano West Sr AW Cinco Ranch RT Con Con 2-1
Grapevine Classic HS 2019-09-06 CX R3 McQueen LR Hebron KP Neg
Grapevine Classic HS 2019-09-06 CX R2 Jesuit BS Casady BH Neg
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R8 X231 X176 Neg Neg 2-1
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R7 X221 X189 Aff Aff 3-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R6 X150 X151 Neg Neg 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R5 X188 X156 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R4 X271 X172 Neg Neg 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R3 X215 X220 Aff Aff 2-0
National Speech and Debate Tournament HS 2019-06-17 CX R2 X210 X190 Neg Neg 2-0
UCO Joe C Jackson C 2018-11-02 Open Round Texas AC MOState KV Neg
UCO Joe C Jackson C 2018-11-02 JV Round Texas LP Emporia MS Aff
UCO Joe C Jackson C 2018-11-02 Open Round Kansas FiMa UTSA OW Aff
UCO Joe C Jackson C 2018-11-02 JV Round Kansas LR WSU FS Neg
Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational HS 2018-02-02 VLD R2 Strake Jesuit College Prep JG Ronald Reagan MC Aff
Colleyville Heritage Winter Invitational HS 2018-02-02 VLD R2 Grapevine RK Katy Taylor AW Neg
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2018-01-12 VCX Quar Hendri GS LibArt AV Neg Neg 3-0
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD Triple Dulles AD Westwood JA Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R5 Cypress Falls DR Ronald Reagan GS Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R5 Ronald Reagan VH Strake Jesuit College Prep DH Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin MS 2017-12-01 LD R4 Village AK Berkner AL Aff
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R4 Robert Vela VD Strake Jesuit College Prep AA Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R3 Cypress Falls GR Robert Vela VC Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R3 Royse City PP LC Anderson MB Aff
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R1 James Bowie TW Strake Jesuit College Prep NT Neg
Longhorn Classic at the University of Texas Austin HS 2017-12-01 LD R1 Harlingen South LE Strake Jesuit College Prep AM Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2017-10-13 LD Double Harvard-Westlake MG Immaculate Heart DD Neg Neg 3-0
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2017-10-13 LD R6 Harvard-Westlake VC Winston Churchill BR Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2017-10-13 LD R4 Immaculate Heart DD Harvard-Westlake AM Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2017-10-13 LD R4 Harvard-Westlake WB Lindale RM Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2017-10-13 LD R1 Harvard-Westlake LM McNeil PV Aff
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2017-01-06 VLD Oct Kinkai SS EarWar NO Neg Neg 3-0
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2017-01-06 VLD Dbls Kempne JS CedPar MT Neg Neg 3-0
University of Houston Cougar Classic HS 2017-01-06 VLD R2 Klein NG StrJes WH Neg
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament HS 2016-02-13 VCX Triple Brophy CP SS Head Royce CP Neg Aff 2-1
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament HS 2016-02-13 VCX R6 Leland VV New Trier BY Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament HS 2016-02-13 VCX R5 St George's MV Leland JJ Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament HS 2016-02-13 VCX R3 Leland YD Damien CJ Aff
Cal Invitational at Berkeley HS Tournament HS 2016-02-13 VCX R2 Brophy CP SG McDonogh JN Neg
Cougar Classic New Year Swing at Houston HS 2016-01-08 VCXUH Round JesCP KT Kinkai RR Neg
Cougar Classic New Year Swing at Houston HS 2016-01-08 VCXUH Round CleLak SA Dulles FJ Neg
Heart of Texas Invitational HS 2015-10-16 PD Round Montgomery Bell GJ Nevada Union FH Aff
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Caddo Magnet FC Glenbrook South BS Aff Aff 2-0
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Westminster Schools BB Niles West SY Neg Neg 2-0
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Grapevine BP Rowland Hall-St. Mark's BM Neg
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Woodward AS Juan Diego Catholic DS Neg
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Hendrickson SL West Des Moines Valley CG Neg Neg 2-0
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Montgomery Bell CK Glenbrook North JM Neg Neg 2-0
The Heart of Texas Invitational at St Marks HS 2014-10-18 HD Round Berkeley Preparatory KN Peninsula WT Neg Neg 2-0