Mark Windham Paradigm

Last changed 9/8 9:03P PDT

I debated policy at nationals in high school and on the NDT circuit for UC Berkeley in the 1970's, breaking at the major tournaments. After 24 years as a lawyer, specializing death penalty defense, I became a Superior Court Judge in 2008. As a parent I have returned to the activity, founding a program at New Roads School and coaching for six years. I am indeed a parent judge, but one who understands why you have a perm spike in your K thesis.

Though I evaluate professional advocates every day in my courtroom, I am judging you within a high school debate paradigm. I adhere to debate norms and respect generally accepted debate theory.

I'm a ‘policy maker’ in that I weigh impacts and a ‘Tabula Rasa’ judge in that I am an open-minded skeptic. You have the burden of persuasion on claims you assert, requiring sufficient warrant; dropping is concession, but not equivalent to proof. Sophistry has no weight. Highly unlikely impact scenarios are not persuasive; prove real links. Regardlesss of points of order I protect the flow.

Persuasion is an important aspect of debate. Obviously, right? Sometimes this seems lost, however, at the highest levels, when debaters focus on technical aspects. Merely asserting a valid refutation or rejoinder does not necessarily win an argument on my flowsheet. You must clinch your argument in the rebuttal. While I vote on the flow, there is a subjective aspect to what is persuasive, which is true for any judge. For me that would tend to be reasonable weighing of human impacts, or in a meta-debate, something which inexorably results in the most desirable policy fact or value conclusion.

I’m open to authentic value debate, even in policy rounds, and vice versa; ‘net benefits’ will not always be the best framework for evaluation of a resolution. In the real world, cost/benefit analysis is bounded by value limits. While I enjoy policy topics the most, fact resolutions happen! Deal with them. They are the basis for real world argument in science and in law, for example. Impact calculus is misplaced here; preponderance of the evidence, as measured by its persuasive force, is a legitimate standard, as is hypothesis testing.

Novel advocacies such as kritiks, kritikal PMC’s, unconventional counterplans, severance permutations, conditionality, theory and narratives are fine, but artifice may diminish your effectiveness. I prefer substance to procedure. It is most important to address the social issue at hand; clever arguments shouldn't be made for their own sake, but only to advance the substance of your position. I would consider argument that clearly abusive theory is a reverse voting issue. I appreciate case debate.

Speed is not a problem, per se, if you speak very clearly. Repeating your tags would be helpful. If I don't understand you, you can't win the argument. I will not say ‘clear’ or ‘slow’ so pay attention to the judge. While I enjoy and prefer the breadth of argumentation you may present using an accelerated pace, if you double breathe I can't flow you. But fast is fine if it is audible, clear and persuasive.

I’m grateful for the opportunity to evaluate your debate. I hope that I may contribute to your education as an advocate, with the aspiration that you will use this experience to make this world a better place. I hope to learn from you as well so that I may do the same.

Full Judging Record

Tournament Date Ev Rd Aff Neg Vote Result
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli Quar Menlo-Atherton/Nueva Nori & Bodnick Archbishop Mitty Sutaria & Patel Aff Aff on a 2-1
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli Octo Menlo-Atherton Wilson & Hammel Los Altos/Campolindo Lee & Stankus Aff Neg on a 2-1
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R7 Lincoln Webb & Brunk Redlands East Valley Quadri & Underwood Aff Aff on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R6 Gunn Sr Li & Cheng Dougherty Valley Wu & Khan Aff Aff on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R5 Aragon/Pioneer Hao & Zhu Menlo-Atherton/Nueva Nori & Bodnick Neg
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R4 Los Altos/Campolindo Lee & Stankus Bishop O'Dowd Barretto & Deibert Aff Aff on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R3 West Ranch Ashlock & Factora Academy of the Canyons/Valencia Indep Min & Bensko Neg
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R2 El Cerrito Dowling & St-Jean Menlo-Atherton Ikonomou & Gordan Neg
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/6/2019 Parli R1 Claremont Pino & Warren Archbishop Mitty Sutaria & Patel Neg Neg on a 2-0
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD Semifi Bishop O'Dowd OW Menlo-Atherton IG Neg Neg on a 3-0
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD Octafi Archbishop Mitty SP Gunn Sr LC Aff Aff on a 2-1
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD Octafi Ashland LD Redlands Independent MS Aff Neg on a 2-1
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD Double Archbishop Mitty MV Menlo-Atherton FK Neg Neg on a 3-0
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 JPD Quarte Campolindo LZ Granada Hills Charter DS Neg Aff on a 2-1
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD Triple Valley Christian LZ Ashland LD Neg Neg on a 3-0
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD R4 Rancho Bernardo LL Prospect VS Neg
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD R4 Sequoia TS Peninsula HJ Neg
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD R2 Peninsula HP Lowell CS Aff
33rd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/9/2019 VPD R2 Valley International Prep HP Archbishop Mitty CW Aff
Peninsula Invitational 1/12/2019 Parli Octo Global Prep MD Valencia CZ Aff Aff on a 3-0
Peninsula Invitational 1/12/2019 Parli R6 La Costa Canyon WH Global Prep SR Aff
Peninsula Invitational 1/12/2019 Parli R3 Valley International Prep HP Dougherty Valley AD Aff
Peninsula Invitational 1/12/2019 Parli R2 University HS, Irvine GB Global Prep HL Aff
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 O Par Semi Northwood KM Los Osos NW Neg Neg on a 2-1
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 N PF Semi Nova 42 SC Los Osos NN Neg Neg on a 3-0
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 O CX R6 Northwood FF Damien AV Aff
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 O PF R3 Gabrielino Club HH Valley International Prep GT Neg
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 O PF R1 Redlands SK Green Canyon OC Aff
Claremont Wolfpack Invitational 1/4/2019 O Par R1 Los Altos LuSh Mission Vista MR Aff
Pop Up Parli The Spontaneous Tournament 11/18/2018 NPDL Final Claremont PW Valley International Prep PS Aff Aff on a 2-1
Pop Up Parli The Spontaneous Tournament 11/18/2018 NPDL Semi Claremont PW Global Prep MB Aff Aff on a 2-1
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 JV Doubl Valley Christian KG Irvington PS Neg Neg on a 2-1
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R5 Nueva DR Berkeley MW Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R4 Berkeley PS Nueva SK Neg
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R4 Dougherty Valley MQ Berkeley GR Neg
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R2 Bishop O'Dowd OW Berkeley UB Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R1 Berkeley BF Friendship JZ Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational 11/10/2018 Open R1 John Swett KS Los Altos CB Neg
Claremont Bargain Belt Invitational 10/13/2018 O PF Semi CVHS Independent SK Valley International Prep MD Aff Neg on a 2-1
Claremont Bargain Belt Invitational 10/13/2018 N PF R4 New Hope HC Honor DK Aff
Claremont Bargain Belt Invitational 10/13/2018 Parli R3 CVHS Independent BS Beverly Hills LW Aff
Claremont Bargain Belt Invitational 10/13/2018 Parli R1 Claremont PK Redlands ScMc Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/22/2018 Parli Quar Ashland LD Archbishop Mitty BG Aff Aff on a 2-1
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/22/2018 Parli Octo Troy SP Westridge HN Neg Aff on a 2-1
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/7/2018 Parli R7 Woodrow Wilson Calcagno & Moon Nueva Sharma & Chu Neg Neg on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/7/2018 Parli R6 Los Altos Bhattacharya & Pombra Notre Dame/Bellarmine College Prep Pineda & DiMartino Aff
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/7/2018 Parli R5 Ashland Doyle & Webb Gunn/Pioneer Independent Zhu & Li Aff Aff on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/7/2018 Parli R3 Bentley Hubinger & Partsuf Menlo-Atherton Ikonomou & Sehgal Aff Aff on a 2-0
NPDL Tournament of Champions 4/7/2018 Parli R1 Los Osos Nam & Naseib Campolindo Gomez Siu & Stankus Neg Neg on a 2-0
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 VPAR R6 South Torrance ST ILEAD PH Neg Neg on a 2-1
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 VPAR R5 ILEAD PH Claremont RW Neg
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 VPAR R3 Valencia CS Foothill Technology HG Neg
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 VPAR R3 Arroyo Grande SH CVHS Independent KY Aff
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 NPAR R2 Taft RM Oaks Christian DB Neg
California Lutheran University Invitational 2/17/2018 NPAR R2 Oak Park NL El Roble RW Neg
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD Octafi Bentley PH Ashland AL Aff Neg on a 2-1
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD Triple San Marin CK Washington JR Neg Neg on a 2-1
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R5 Claremont DP Crystal Springs Uplands LM Aff
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R5 Berkeley FR Rancho Bernardo SD Aff
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R3 San Marin CK Nueva KT Aff
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R3 La Canada GM Archbishop Mitty GG Neg
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R1 Archbishop Mitty MW Bentley PH Neg
32nd Annual Stanford Invitational 2/10/2018 VPD R1 Claremont BN Valley Christian VD Neg
Peninsula Invitational 1/19/2018 Parli Semi Bishop O'Dowd HO Misson Vista MP Aff Aff on a 3-0
Peninsula Invitational 1/19/2018 PF Quar Palos Verdes CT Bishop O'Dowd BG Neg Neg on a 3-0
Peninsula Invitational 1/19/2018 Parli R5 University HS, Irvine OY Arcadia XC Neg
Peninsula Invitational 1/19/2018 Parli R2 South Torrance TS ILEAD PH Neg
Peninsula Invitational 1/19/2018 Parli R1 Bishop O'Dowd HO William Howard Taft CC Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open Double Campolindo CJ Dougherty Valley SS Aff Aff on a 2-1
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R4 Irvington MK Berkeley FS Neg
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R4 Dougherty Valley VN Valley Christian LE Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R3 Berkeley BW Bishop O'Dowd TJ Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R3 Bishop O'Dowd JS Valley Christian WY Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R2 Irvington GS Berkeley GC Aff
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R2 Stockdale AS Valley Christian RV Neg
National Parliamentary Debate Invitational at Berkeley 11/11/2017 Open R1 Valley Christian AJ Berkeley BG Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli Semi Bishop O'Dowd HO Cupertino RR Aff Aff on a 3-0
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli Octo Archbishop Mitty TK CL LP Neg Neg on a 2-1
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R6 Claremont JN ILEAD CS Aff
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R6 Troy SP Arcadia CX Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R4 Stockdale GB Riverside STEM SG Aff
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R4 Mission Vista RJ Stockdale HM Aff
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R2 Canyon Crest LY Claremont KD Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R2 La Costa Canyon TL Cypress JB Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R1 San Dieguito LO Crescenta Valley MT Neg
Jack Howe Memorial Tournament 9/30/2017 Parli R1 Oaks Christian BC Notre Dame CD Neg
de Toledo Debate Invitational 11/6/2016 PF R4 North Hollywood DJ Campbell Hall SS Neg
de Toledo Debate Invitational 11/6/2016 PARLI R4 Bridges AM ILEAD Schools HP Aff Aff on a 2-1
de Toledo Debate Invitational 11/6/2016 LD R2 Oak Park SPe De Toledo RO Neg
de Toledo Debate Invitational 11/6/2016 PF R1 Sierra Canyon KV Campbell Hall DL Aff
CSU Fullerton Middle and High School Invitational 10/14/2016 M LD Quar Nova 42 AZ Harker RJ Neg Neg on a 3-0
CSU Fullerton Middle and High School Invitational 10/14/2016 M LD Quar Academy of Higher Learning JL Harker AC Neg Neg on a 3-0
CSU Fullerton Middle and High School Invitational 10/14/2016 O LD R5 Crescenta Valley SK Yucaipa AP Aff
CSU Fullerton Middle and High School Invitational 10/14/2016 O LD R5 Northwood AH Gabrielino JR Aff